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[en] The commercial nuclear program in Spain dates back to the beginning of the 1960s. There are currently nine units in operation, one more has been decommissioned and a further five are in different phases of construction but under nuclear moratorium since 1983. This article gives a general overview of the program, the criteria applied, what it has meant to and required of the industry and, finally, what lessons have been learned. (author) 2 figs
[en] The dual role of NUCNET is discussed: - exchange of news and other information within the world's nuclear community for use by top managers and executives and public communicators, and - distribution of news of interest to the public to wire agency journalists and other sections of the media
[en] Proposal: • Increasing nuclear activities around the world; • Enquiry to get and be able to deliver up-to-date information on ongoing research; • Frequent request to present Generation IV systems; • The GIF could spread educational information on Generation IV systems and underlying research; • Provide a medium for lessons: – A visual aid (set of slides); – A textbook.
[en] Nuclear technology and nuclear energy in Israel and in other countries as well, are suffering from 'bad reputation', originating from both ignorance and misleading publicity. In order to provide the public, and especially the young generation, with objective and comprehensive facts and data, the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission (IAEC), and the Nuclear Research Center - Negev (NRCN) decided to create a permanent exhibition in Beer Sheva, covering Nuclear Technology. Similar activity was done in other countries, such as France, Slovenia and others.
[en] Nuclear energy is a durable source of energy. Technical advancements over several decades have led to economically feasible and environmentally friendly product units, thanks to consistent and persistent research. The general public are not so easily convinced, however. Many governments have tended to seek short term solutions, although the choice of energy source should be a long term decision. Public agreement is a prerequisite, and communication programmes must be set up in those countries which wish to develop nuclear energy further. France, in particular, seems to be on the right track in this respect. (orig.)
[de]Kernenergie ist eine nachhaltige Energie. Der in einigen Jahrzehnten erzielte technische Fortschritt dank der staendigen Infragestellung der getroffenen technischen Loesungen haben zu sicheren, wirtschaftlich konkurrenzfaehigen und umweltfreundlichen Produktionseinheiten gefuehrt. Es ist jedoch nicht leicht zu erreichen, dass die Oeffentlichkeit diese Ueberzeugung teilt. Die Tendenz vieler Regierungen besteht darin, kurzfristige Loesungen zu treffen, obschon die Wahl der Energietraeger unter langfristigen Gesichtspunkten erfolgen sollte. Die Zustimmung der Bevoelkerung ist kuenftig eine Grundbedingung. Ein offensives Kommunikationsprogramm muss in den Laendern bestehen, welche die Fortsetzung der Entwicklung der Kernenergie wuenschen. Frankreich scheint diesbezueglich auf gutem Weg zu sein. (orig.)
[en] The Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) has accumulated a number of technology development and research outcomes, including its representative achievements, such as atomic energy technology independence and the first exporting of an atomic energy system, since it was established in 1959. With its long history of over 50 years, KAERI (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) has produced a large amount of information and explicit knowledge such as experiment data, database, design data, report, instructions, and operation data at each stage of its research and development process as it has performed various researches since its establishment. Also, a lot of tacit knowledge has been produced both knowingly and unknowingly based on the experience of researchers who have participated in many projects. However, in the research environment in Korea where they focus overly on the output, tacit knowledge has not been managed properly compared to explicit knowledge. This tacit knowledge is an asset as important as explicit knowledge for an effective research and development. Moreover, as the first generation of atomic energy and research manpower retire, their accumulated experience and knowledge are in danger of disappearing. Therefore, in this study, we sought how to take a whole view and to document atomic energy technology researched and developed by KAERI, from the background to achievement of each field of the technology. (author)