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[en] Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is characterized by the presence of the PML-RARα fusion protein. We have previously found that PML-RARα-regulated miR-125b is highly expressed in APL; however, the characteristics of the regulatory effects and mechanisms of miR-125b involved in APL proliferation have yet to be clarified. In this study, we demonstrate that miR-125b promotes the proliferation of APL cells with the involvement of the PI3K/Akt and MAPK signaling pathways. Furthermore, we identified BTG2, MAP3K11, RPS6KA1 and PRDM1 as putative targets of miR-125b, which we verified using luciferase reporter constructs. Moreover, we demonstrate that the expression of miR-125b targets is downregulated in leukemic cells in patients with APL. Thus, our results provide evidence that miR-125b can modulate multiple oncogenic cell proliferation pathways and may be a novel therapeutic target for APL. - Highlights: • miR-125b promotes cell proliferation by AKT and MAPK signaling pathways. • miR-125b target to MAP3K11,BTG2, RPS6KA1 and PRDM1. • MAP3K11,BTG2, RPS6KA1 and PRDM1 were dowregulated by miR-125b in NB4 and primary cells from APL patients.
[en] Highlights: • MiR-7 inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in CML. • MiR-7 sensitizes K562 cells to imatinib. • MiR-7 directly targets BCR-ABL/PI3K/AKT pathway. MicroRNA is a large class of non-coding small RNA that exerts critical roles in many physiological processes including cell proliferation. MicroRNA-7 (miR-7) has been considered as a tumor suppressor in most malignant tumors versus a tumor promoter in some other ones. However, its role in chronic myeloid leukemia remains unknown. Herein, we found that K562 cell proliferation was largely suppressed when it was stably transfected with miR-7. In accordance with that, apoptosis was also significantly upregulated in miR-7 stably-transfected K562 cells. Moreover, we found that miR-7-overexpressed K562 cells were far more sensitive to imatinib than controls. Further investigations showed that the ABL1 was a direct target of miR-7. Expression level of BCR-ABL and the activity of its downstream PI3K/AKT pathway were significantly reduced in miR-7-transfected cells. Taken together, our results showed that miR-7 inhibited proliferation and promoted apoptosis in K562 cells, and miR-7 might help to sensitize them to imatinib through BCR-ABL/PI3K/AKT signaling in chronic myeloid leukemia.
[en] Highlights: ► Co-culture of Sertoli cells (SCs) with human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs). ► Presence of SCs dramatically increased proliferation and migration of UCMSCs. ► Presence of SCs stimulated expression of Mdm2, Akt, CDC2, Cyclin D, CXCR4, MAPKs. -- Abstract: Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) have been recently used in transplant therapy. The proliferation and migration of MSCs are the determinants of the efficiency of MSC transplant therapy. Sertoli cells are a kind of “nurse” cells that support the development of sperm cells. Recent studies show that Sertoli cells promote proliferation of endothelial cells and neural stem cells in co-culture. We hypothesized that co-culture of UCMSCs with Sertoli cells may also promote proliferation and migration of UCMSCs. To examine this hypothesis, we isolated UCMSCs from human cords and Sertoli cells from mouse testes, and co-cultured them using a Transwell system. We found that UCMSCs exhibited strong proliferation ability and potential to differentiate to other cell lineages such as osteocytes and adipocytes. The presence of Sertoli cells in co-culture significantly enhanced the proliferation and migration potential of UCMSCs (P < 0.01). Moreover, these phenotypic changes were accompanied with upregulation of multiple genes involved in cell proliferation and migration including phospho-Akt, Mdm2, phospho-CDC2, Cyclin D1, Cyclin D3 as well as CXCR4, phospho-p44 MAPK and phospho-p38 MAPK. These findings indicate that Sertoli cells boost UCMSC proliferation and migration potential.
[en] The heart produces multiple diffusible factors that are involved in a number of physiological processes, but the action of these factors on the central nervous system is not well understood. In this study, we found that one or more factors released by cardiomyocytes promote oligodendrocyte precursor cell (OPC) proliferation in vitro. Mouse OPCs co-cultured with mouse cardiomyocytes showed higher proliferative ability than OPCs cultured alone. In addition, cardiomyocyte-conditioned media was sufficient to promote OPC proliferation. The phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in OPCs is necessary for the enhancement of OPC proliferation by cardiomyocyte-conditioned media. These data indicate that heart-derived factors have the ability to directly regulate the function of central nervous system (CNS) cells.
[en] IgE is a key effector molecule in atopic diseases; however, the regulation mechanisms of IgE production in IgE B cells remain poorly understood. In the present study, we demonstrate that JSI-124 (cucurbitacin I), a selective STAT3 inhibitor, selectively inhibits production of IgE by a human IgE B cell line, CRL-8033 cells, while does not affect the IgG production by IgG B cell lines. In the aspect of molecular mechanism, we found that Igλ, but not Ighe, gene expression was suppressed by JSI-124. The above effects of JSI-124 were not mediated by affecting cellular proliferation or apoptosis. Furthermore, multiple B cell differentiation-related genes expression was not significantly affected by JSI-124. Taken together, we demonstrate a potential strategy of therapeutically suppressing IgE production without affecting IgG production in atopic patients. - Highlights: • JSI-124 inhibits IgE production in an IgE B cell line, CRL-8033 cells. • JSI-124 does not affect IgG production by IgG B cell lines. • JSI-124 inhibits IgE production mainly by suppressing transcription of Igλ.
[en] MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the pathogenesis of many types of cancers by negatively regulating gene expression at posttranscriptional level. Here, we found that miR-361-5p is down-regulated in 135 patients with HCV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Moreover, the expressions of miR-361-5p were highly correlated with VEGFA in these HCC patients. Further, CCK-8 proliferation assay indicated that miR-361-5p mimics inhibited the cell proliferation of HepG2 and SNU-398 HCC cells. Transwell assay showed that miR-361-5p mimics inhibited the invasion and migration of HepG2 and SNU-398 HCC cells. Luciferase assays revealed that miR-361-5p directly bound to the 3'untranslated region of VEGFA, and western blotting showed that miR-361-5p inhibited the expression of VEGFA. Generally, this study indicated that miR-361-5p is down-regulated in HCC and inhibits proliferation and invasion of HCC cell lines via VEGFA. In future, miR-361-5p will be a potential therapeutic agent for HCC. - Highlights: • miR-361-5p is down-regulated in HCV-related HCC. • miR-361-5p mimics inhibit the proliferation and invasion of HCC cells. • miR-361-5p inhibitors promote the proliferation and invasion of HCC cells. • miR-361-5p targets 3′ UTR of VEGFA in HCC cells. • miR-361-5p inhibits VEGFA in HCC cells.
[en] Research highlights: → SMT3IP1 interacts with p53 and Mdm2, and desumoylates both proteins. → SMT3IP1 competes with p53 for binding to the central acidic domain of Mdm2. → SMT3IP1 binding to Mdm2 inhibits Mdm2-mediated p53 ubiquitination and degradation. → We postulate that SMT3IP1 acts as a new regulator of the p53-Mdm2 pathway. -- Abstract: SUMO (small ubiquitin-like modifier) modification plays multiple roles in several cellular processes. Sumoylation is reversibly regulated by SUMO-specific proteases. SUMO-specific proteases have recently been implicated in cell proliferation and early embryogenesis, but the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Here, we show that a nucleolar SUMO-specific protease, SMT3IP1/SENP3, controls the p53-Mdm2 pathway. We found that SMT3IP1 interacts with p53 and Mdm2, and desumoylates both proteins. Overexpression of SMT3IP1 in cells resulted in the accumulation of Mdm2 in the nucleolus and increased stability of the p53 protein. In addition, SMT3IP1 bound to the acidic domain of Mdm2, which also mediates the p53 interaction, and competed with p53 for binding. Increasing expression of SMT3IP1 suppressed Mdm2-mediated p53 ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation. Interestingly, the desumoylation activity of SMT3IP1 was not necessary for p53 stabilization. These results suggest that SMT3IP1 is a new regulator of the p53-Mdm2 pathway.
[en] MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the pathogenesis of many types of cancers by negatively regulating gene expression at posttranscriptional level. Here, we identified that miR-599 is up-regulated in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. It promoted NSCLC cell proliferation by negatively regulating SATB2. In NSCLC cell lines, CCK-8 proliferation assay indicated that the cell proliferation is promoted by miR-599 mimics. Transwell assay showed that miR-599 mimics promoted the invasion and migration of NSCLC cells. Luciferase assays confirmed that miR-599 directly binds to the 3'untranslated region of SATB2, and western blotting showed that miR-599 suppresses the expression of SATB2 at the protein level. This study indicates that miR-599 promotes proliferation and invasion of NSCLC cell lines via SATB2. The miR-599 may represent a potential therapeutic target for NSCLC treatment. - Highlights: • miR-599 is up-regulated in NSCLC. • miR-599 promotes the proliferation and invasion of NSCLC cells. • miR-599 inhibitors inhibits the proliferation and invasion of NSCLC cells. • miR-599 targets 3′ UTR of SATB2 in NSCLC cells. • miR-599 inhibits SATB2 in NSCLC cells.
[en] Retinal microvascular abnormality is an important pathological feature of diabetic retinopathy. Herein, we report the role of lncRNA-RNCR3 in diabetes mellitus-induced retinal microvascular abnormalities. We show that RNCR3 is significantly up-regulated upon high glucose stress in vivo and in vitro. RNCR3 knockdown alleviates retinal vascular dysfunction in vivo, as shown by decreased acellular capillaries, decreased vascular leakage, and reduced inflammatory response. RNCR3 knockdown decreases retinal endothelial cell proliferation, and reduces cell migration and tube formation in vitro. RNCR3 regulates endothelial cell function through RNCR3/KLF2/miR-185-5p regulatory network. RNCR3 inhibition may be a treatment option for the prevention of diabetes mellitus-induced retinal microvascular abnormalities. - Highlights: • RNCR3 expression is significantly up-regulated upon high glucose stress. • RNCR3 knockdown alleviates retinal vascular dysfunction in vivo. • RNCR3 regulates retinal endothelial cell function in vitro. • RNCR3 regulates retinal endothelial cell function via RNCR3/KLF2/miR-185-5p pathway.
[en] Supervillin is an actin-associated protein that regulates actin dynamics by interacting with Myosin II, F-actin, and Cortactin to promote cell contractility and cell motility. Two splicing variants of human Supervillin (SV1 and SV4) have been reported in non-muscle cells; SV1 lacks 3 exons present in the larger isoform SV4. SV2, also called archvillin, is present in striated muscle; SV3, also called smooth muscle archvillin or SmAV, was cloned from smooth muscle. In the present study, we identify a novel splicing variant of Supervillin (SV5). SV5 contains a new splicing pattern. In the mouse tissues and cell lines examined, SV5 was predominantly expressed in skeletal and cardiac muscles and in proliferating cells, but was virtually undetectable in most normal tissues. Using RNAi and rescue experiments, we show here that SV5 displays altered functional properties in cancer cells, and regulates cell proliferation and cell migration.