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[en] Much has been learnt in the ten years since the Great Eastern Japan Earthquake and the subsequent accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, but significant challenges still remain. This report presents the current situation at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant and the responses by Japanese authorities and the international community since the accident. It will assist both policy makers and the general public to understand the multi-dimensional issues stemming from the accident. These include disaster recovery, compensation for damages, nuclear safety, nuclear regulation, radiation protection, plant decommissioning, radioactive waste management, psycho-social issues in the community and societal resilience. Building on two previous reports released by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) in 2013 and 2016, the report examines the plant's future, that of the affected region and population, as well as outlining areas for further improvement and how the international community can help.
[en] GRTgaz is a European leader in natural gas transportation and a world expert in gas systems. This publication presents the societal responsibility as being at the heart of GRTgaz strategy. The new 2021-2024 societal responsibility policy of GRTgaz is presented first. Then, the public service mission, key figures and research activities of GRTgaz, as well as the societal responsibility, the main extra-financial risks, opportunities and performance of the company are reviewed. Next, the safety, efficiency and ethical aspects of GRTgaz activities are presented as well as GRTgaz commitments in the energy transition: environmental impacts, carbon footprint, wastes valorization, species diversity protection, involvement in the transportation sector and in renewable gases development, smart grids and open data, open innovation.. Finally, the social policy with the personnel, the suppliers, the partners, the stakeholders and the clients are reviewed.
[en] Transparency, pluralistic appraisals, participation in decision-making... How are international, European and French regulations now being applied? Have NGOs been capable of using their rights of access to information and of participation in decision-making to understand nuclear energy and play a role in this field? The French National Association of Local Information Committees and Commissions (ANCCLI) has drawn up an inventory of the regulatory tools designed for this purpose. How have 'civil society' and the nuclear industry put these tools to use as genuine means of action? What positive points come to light? And what are the points to watch and to improve? Between the (oft emphasized) urgency of finding a solution and the necessity of taking time (to obtain information, improve skills and confer with stakeholders), 'civil society' expects more sincerity, even humility, from players in the nuclear industry. Above all, NGOs want to see to it that their participation carries weight when decisions are made. (author)
[en] Opinion polls have always shown that nuclear power is little-understood by a large part of the public. An opinion poll made in april 2019 showed that 69% of the French population thought that nuclear power contributes to the production of greenhouse gases which is a complete nonsense. Opinion polls show that women, young people aged between 18 and 24 and poor and lower middle classes are generally opposed to nuclear energy. Information campaigns must be delivered to them with appropriate messages. The central problem of public information in scientific domains is the understanding of the information by the greatest number of people. There is also a difference between sciences and technologies, sciences appear harmless as a source of knowledge while technologies imply the realities of taking risks. For most people assessing risks appears as a very personal, not always scientific, approach that can be greatly influenced by the media and now by social networks. (A.C.)
[en] In its report in October 2018, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) emphasized that the share of nuclear power in the world's energy mix must increase. It pointed out the major obstacle to doing this: 'The current deployment pace of nuclear energy is constrained by social acceptability [...]. Though comparative risk assessment shows health risks are low [...], the political processes triggered by societal concerns depend on the country-specific means of managing the political debates around technological choices and their environmental impacts'. Unprecedented efforts are being made to move civilization from one model to another within a single generation. Societal obstruction stems, as the report recalls, from erroneous perceptions. Overcoming it, which would open the way for rapid, significant advances, should be a priority, which is not now the case. The parties in charge of lifting these obstacles seem to have made them heavier. A few persons (in particular members of the association Voix du Nucleaire) have decided to tackle the herculean feat of, above all, 'informing', a task that most stakeholders have sidestepped. Will our children realize that we knew this choice was difficult and that this was the reason for doing something? (author)
[en] This guide is dedicated to local communities and their representatives who wish to launch a project of renewable energy, and aims at answering to some basic questions: how and where to start? Which are the key steps? The vigilance points? Who to contact and where to find the good resources? How to convince inhabitants? Thus, this guide is a toolbox which contains arguments to convince, describes the different types of projects of renewable energy, the step-by-step process, reports returns on experience from several communities, and indicates answers to practical questions. More precisely, it describes why to commit a community in the development of renewable energies, how to understand these projects and their stakes for local communities, how to define the community's project, how to choose the right mode of intervention, how to intervene, how to favour a citizen-based approach, how to follow-up and govern the territorial project on the long term. It also proposes answers to FAQs related to land property, to third party investment, to crowdfunding, and to the relationships with operators and to the creation of a specific structure (SPV, special purpose vehicle).
[en] This guide, intended for elected officials responsible for climate-energy issues, will allow to better understand the major current and future energy issues as well as the skills and role that communities have to play. It also aims to provide the operational elements to set up a transversal policy aimed at accelerating the energy transition at the local level and benefiting all citizens. This guide proposes to the elected official the keys to acting on the following themes: - Develop and implement a public energy policy in its territory with the right planning, monitoring and animation tools; - Control the energy consumption of its heritage and its territory (public buildings, lighting, mobility, etc.); - Accelerate the energy renovation of housing and fight against energy insecurity; - Support the development of all renewable and recovery energies (biomass, geothermal energy, waste heat, wind, photovoltaic, biogas, etc.) as well as hydrogen; - Putting its energy networks at the service of the energy transition (electricity, gas, heat).
[fr]Ce guide, destine aux elus charges des questions climat-energie, vous permettra de mieux apprehender les grands enjeux energetiques actuels et a venir de meme que les competences et le role que les collectivites ont a jouer. Il a egalement comme objectif d'apporter les elements operationnels pour mettre en place une politique transversale visant a accelerer la transition energetique au niveau local et en faire beneficier l'ensemble des citoyens. Vous trouverez ainsi dans ce guide les cles pour agir sur les thematiques suivantes: - Elaborer et mettre en oeuvre une politique publique energetique sur son territoire avec les bons outils de planification, de suivi et d'animation; - Maitriser les consommations d'energie de son patrimoine et de son territoire (batiments publics, eclairage, mobilites...); - Accelerer la renovation energetique des logements et lutter contre la precarite energetique; - Accompagner le developpement de toutes les energies renouvelables et de recuperation (biomasse, geothermie, chaleur fatale, eolien, photovoltaique, biogaz...) ainsi que l'hydrogene; - Mettre ses reseaux d'energie au service de la transition energetique (electricite, gaz, chaleur). Elabore en partenariat avec la Banque des territoires - Caisse des Depots, ce guide est le fruit de l'expertise d'Amorce au contact de l'ensemble des collectivites et des acteurs impliques sur le territoire dans le domaine de l'energie.
[en] A new phenomenon has emerged during the last 3 years: a powerful and free speech in favor of nuclear power as an efficient tool to fight climate warming. An active presence in social networks, in press articles and in public demonstrations like the Nuclear Pride Coalition or Stand up for Nuclear, show that something is happening concerning the social acceptance of nuclear energy. The conviction of these demonstrators is to say that about 1 billion people have no access to electrical power and for those who have, 80% of the electricity come from fossil fuels, and nuclear power could change that. (A.C.)
[en] The Nuclear Waste Management Organization of Japan (NUMO) will start a literature survey toward realization of the geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste. For this purpose, NUMO is seeking dialogue with people about the importance of this project, how to safely implement geological disposal and its risks, and the impact of the waste disposal project on the environment and economy of the disposal site area. NUMO is also implementing initiatives such as briefing sessions at various places, website, public relation activities using exhibition vehicles, and support for the learning activities of various organizations. (A.O.)
[en] Proposed by a citizen-based association which aims at supporting citizen participation to energy projects, notably renewable energies to favour energy transition, a press file first outlines the emergence of these citizen-based or local governance-based projects which are now only representing a very small share of energy production capacities, but have been acknowledged by European bodies as an important contribution to energy transition. It highlights the need to go further and quicker for this type of initiatives. Members of this association outline the main objectives: promoting citizen-based renewable energies as levers for recovery contracts, adopting an ambitious transposition in favour of energy communities, responding to the need of re-appropriation of energy issues by territories, and creating a sufficiently demanding label in order to identify green electricity offers which display an actual environmental and social added value. Some key data are provided and some inspiring examples are briefly presented regarding different energies (wood energy, wind energy, photovoltaic roofs, green gas). Various proposals are then stated in favour of an ambitious and balanced wind energy development with a local governance. These proposals address various aspects which aim at favouring the participation of communities, citizen and other local actors to this development, and at supporting a balanced distribution of wind energy development over the territory.