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[en] The difficulties of organizing and establishing an Emergency Plan for unities that work or use radioactive materials in quantities that may cause emergency situation for the worker or for the public health are presented. (C.G.C.)
[en] The 1. International Symposium about Radioactive Accident with cesium 137 in Goiania - Brazil had the purpose to know all the aspects of the accident such as the medical emergencial surveillance, odontological care with the victims, anatomo-pathologic examinations in the lethal cases radio lesions treatment. (L.M.J.)
[en] The Australian Health Protection Committee oversees national health protection priorities in: communicable disease outbreaks; chemical, biological or radiological incidents; mass casualty incidents; and deployment of Australian health teams overseas. The Australian Clinical Guidelines for a Radiological Event to complement existing national guidelines on chemical agents, anthrax, and smallpox. Other prompts included the need to revise the ARPANSA Guidance Manual, Medical Management of Individuals Involved in Radiation Accidents, 2000, and the requirement for specific therapeutic information regarding the indications and use of radiological decorporation agents held as part of the National Medical Stockpile. Matters identified by clinicians requiring specific guidance included: basic understanding of radiation; an approach to dose assessment; specific thresholds for initiating decorporation and other therapy; the role of gastric lavage, as contemporary practice considers this ineffective for other toxicological indications. rationale for, and detailed description of pulmonary lavage; advice on prenatal exposure to radiation; protocols for biodosimetry and other laboratory analysis. The objective was to produce a plain language guidance document for Australian clinicians on the diagnosis and management of radiation injury. It was to be based on evaluation of existing Australian documents, a literature review and consultation of appropriate specialists. Content areas included human health effects of radiation, scenario-based risk assessment and risk management, pre-hospital and hospital systems of care, management of specific injury types, radionuclide pathophysiology and decorporation protocols, biodosimetry options, individual psychological support 'and public health information, and Australian responsibilities under the Radiation Emergency Medical Preparedness and Assistance Network, of the World Health Organization. The range of resources utilised in preparing the guidelines, and the process of development and review will be described.
[en] According to the state-of-the-art trends in applied computational meteorology a robust CFD model has been developed in the IBRAE RAN. The V&V matrix of the ROUZ code contains various data obtained from real emergency cases as well as gathered from experiments conducted in urban conditions and at industrial sites, for example, experiment in Oklahoma City. It is demonstrated that ROUZ code satisfies the quality acceptance criteria defined by the expert community for models of the same class. (author)
[en] The document gives information that a team of three nuclear safety specialists from the IAEA are going between 13-15 October to Japan to ascertain the facts relating to the September 30 criticality accident at a fuel conversion facility in Tokaimura