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[en] Leadership and management for safety play a key role in ensuring sustainability and success to any organization. Any incident that occurred will diminish or destroy public confidence and if that happens, to gain their confidence back is a mammoth task. Malaysia has no nuclear power plant but its has nuclear research reactor operated since 1982. The establishment of safety committee chaired by the senior management ensured that the safety culture programme are in place and adhere to. This paper will show various activities conducted by Nuclear Malaysia in strengthening safety culture programme with the existence of safety committee spearheaded by the senior management. The visibility and present of senior management is essential and influential in motivating all Nuclear Malaysia staff that safety and security is everyone business. Cooperation and commitment from all the staff from different level are essential in establishing and ensuring sustainability in the programme. It is important for Nuclear Malaysia to identify senior management with effective leadership capabilities to steer the organization with an attitude in emphasizing safety culture. (author)
[en] A recurring theme throughout this conference Exploring 30 Years of Safety Culture, was the precise denotation of the concept ‘safety culture’. ‘Safety culture’ is composed by two nouns, the subject culture, (arguably, the manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively), and the qualifier safety (that is the condition of being protected from or not exposed to danger or risk). In the expression safety culture, safety is not used as an adjective proper, but as a modifier of the noun culture, denoting a culture designed to prevent injury or damage. This use, while common in the English language, is imprecise and definitively objectionable in other languages Unsurprisingly, the expression ‘safety culture’ is subject to subtle different interpretations, particularly in languages other than English. The lack of a globally agreeable and precise understanding on what safety culture really means has caused significant bewilderment and has challenged its operationalization. Perhaps due to vagueness on the precise denotation of safety culture, it was argued during the conference that the concept should be considered intangible and therefore unfeasible to regulate as a whole and thus unable to be subjected to legally binding obligations. This was always clear in the nuclear area (e.g. safety culture is not a legally binding obligation under the Nuclear Safety Convention). During the session it became apparent that this also seems to be the case in other applications.
[en] Recent regulatory activities have demonstrated a shift in licensee expectations that healthy nuclear safety culture must include both excellence in nuclear security and human performance.While these aspects are integrated to varying degrees in the management system framework of Plan-Do-Check-Act; there are challenges in understanding the use of the language and the new performance indicators that may be useful to make the organization health visible to leaders in these areas. In this regard, such a framework would need to provide oversight assurance that both field and knowledge workers are cognisant of the expectations of nuclear safety and security in their work activities. This paper will explore our recent understanding and operating experience as an OEM vendor in relation to the above and proposed recent changes in REGDOC 2.1.2 Safety Culture . For context, we will provide an overview of our experience in using the Canadian Federal Industrial Security Manual as a basis of management system requirements to context nuclear security in a manner that supports our operations and proposed regulatory direction. (author)
[en] Material handling is an essential activity of all the tasks. International Material Management Society defines 'Material handling as an art and science involving the movement, packaging and storing of materials in any form'. In simple terms, material handling is concerned with movement, time, quantity and space. In the supply chain and logistics world, the responsible use of Material Handling Equipment (MHE) is integral to the safety of any successful supply chain operation
[en] Concluding Remarks: • The IAEA is willing and ready to support safety enhancements through the establishment and application of Safety Standards, Safety Review and Advisory Services and International Instruments. • IAEA is successfully performing safety assessments of new reactor designs using the current Safety Standards. • IAEA is participating actively in MDEP. • Current Safety Standards are a first basis for harmonization. • The results of MDEP should be used as a basis to further extend the IAEA Safety Standards.
[en] Significant scholarship has been devoted to safety culture assessment methodologies focusing on the development, delivery and interpretations of safety culture surveys and other assessment techniques to provide insights into the safety culture of an organization. The aim of the paper is to discuss the value of establishing mechanisms, immediately after an assessment and regularly between assessments, to facilitate a structured dialogue among leaders around insights derived from an assessment, to enable ongoing improvements in safety and security culture. The leader’s role includes both understanding the current state of culture, the “what is”, and creating regular, open and informed dialogue around their role in shaping the culture to achieve “what should be”. Meaningful improvements arise when leaders proactively nurture a healthy safety and security culture. The concept of ‘critical conversations’ is central to the engagement of leaders and provides a basis for leaders to use their own knowledge of the organization to make informed decisions on those activities that can best influence the culture. In addition to the process used to enable reflection, key enablers of a successful process will be discussed in the paper; the experience of Bruce Power will provide practical considerations for implementation. The aspects support the implementation of an integrated management system and include the adoption of a framework against which to establish a dialogue, regular engagement in reflexive ‘critical conversations’, leveraging existing oversight mechanisms, emphasis on limited, high visibility improvements, and exploring new approaches to understanding culture. To successfully navigate towards an ever-improving safety and security culture, leadership must create mechanisms to regularly discuss safety and security related cultural topics; be attuned to faint signals of cultural change and take appropriate action; and create the shared space and collegial atmosphere in which to engage in critical conversations about the state of safety and security culture. (author)
[en] Generic Reactor Safety Review Results: Provision of a review by a corps of knowledgeable internal and external reviewers, including: Insight into the application and implementation of IAEA Safety Requirements for new reactor designs; Clear observations and comments on whether vendor safety cases are complete and in line with IAEA Safety Requirements; Carefully screened review results and observations which assist MS in attaining the highest levels of reactor design safety and compliance with IAEA Safety Requirements; A complete safety assessment package containing review sheets for each requirement and for each reactor design being considered.
[en] The stability of safety facilities for structural steel work at NPP construction sites would be an important part of a fall restraint system. This paper will describe how construction safety was implemented at the Barakah Nuclear Power Plant (BNPP) project as well as analyzing on site incidents and accident data. Even though the number of BNPP accidents related to falls and falling objects declined after September 2013, it is still early to conclude that the number of accidents has been decreasing since the data was insufficient. As the accident trend analyst clearly showed that the stability tests and managing a safety facility are critical and effective method in order to reduce the number of accidents at NPP construction sites. To ensure a safe construction site, the fall arrest system and the safety net system are significant safety precautions.
[en] Overview in INPRO draft manual on nuclear reactor safety: • Proposed simplification of structure of methodology: – Reduction of number of basic principles from four to one; – Reduction of number of user requirements from 14 to 10 (by combining); – Elimination of overlapping criteria in different user requirements; and – Elimination of overlap with area of environmental impact of stressors (assessment of public exposure at normal operation conditions and AOO). • By request, inclusion of safety culture into the safety manual (removed from the manual on infrastructure).
[en] In France, nuclear power licensing is based on the following: – An initial design life of 40 years; – No time limit for NPP operation; – As the plant ages, the safety authority conducts an extensive safety review (PSR) every ten years to ensure that the plant continues to be in conformity with the original safety standards and with any additional requirements; – Improvements required as a result of the PSR process, of updates to the safety standards, of operating feedback and of lessons learned, must be implemented. Électricité de France (EDF) has proposed solutions to meet the safety standards and is responsible for implementing them as agreed and approved by the safety authority. The latter is responsible for issuing the authorization to continue operation for ten more years, assuming that the outcome of the PSR is satisfactory and the safety analysis report meets the current licensing requirements