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[en] RTE is the mainspring in enhancing energy transition and developing renewable energy in France. To further knowledge on the subject, RTE publishes a detailed inventory of existing and projected wind and photovoltaic installations. This vast overview was achieved with the help of ENEDIS (ERDF), SER (Association of renewable energy industrialists), and ORE Agency (Power network operators). The outstanding facts of this 24. edition of the renewable electricity synthesis are: 50% of renewable energy production capacity are from solar or wind origin. Solar and wind parks power reached almost 28 GW by December 31, 2020. With more than 25.7 GW of installed power, hydroelectricity remains the first renewable energy source in France. The bio-energy power generation park exceeds now 2.1 GW. All sources included, the renewable energy sources have grown by 637 MW during the last quarter 2020, reaching 55.9 GW at December 31, 2020. Power distribution systems are continuously evolving in order to meet the 40% renewable electricity production goal by 2030.
[en] This publication presents the wind energy situation of continental France and overseas territories during the Fourth quarter 2020: number of newly connected wind farms and their production capacities (annual and quarterly evolution), distribution of wind farms per power range, wind farm park evolution trend, onshore and offshore pending projects (number and power), detailed regional results (number of farms, power, newly connected loads), annual and quarterly evolution of power generation and connected loads.
[en] Illustrated by many maps, graphs and tables, this publication proposes a rather detailed overview of the status and development (production and location, employment, sector turnover, market and tariffs) of the different electricity-producing renewable energies: wind energy, photovoltaic energy, hydraulic energy, solid biomass, biogas, renewable urban wastes, geothermal energy, marine energies). This issue includes a chapter on the Regional plan for land use and sustainable development (sraddet), and a regional overview of the different electricity-producing renewable sectors. A focus is proposed for each French region.
[en] Nuclear Energy Data is the Nuclear Energy Agency's annual compilation of statistics and country reports documenting nuclear power status in NEA member countries and in the OECD area. Information provided by governments includes statistics on total electricity produced by all sources and by nuclear power, fuel cycle capacities and requirements, and projections to 2040, where available. Country reports summarise energy policies, updates of the status in nuclear energy programs and fuel cycle developments. In 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of electricity security in modern societies. Although the long-term implications for electricity generation are difficult to assess, during the crisis nuclear power continued to support the security of supply and has been, together with renewables, one of the most resilient electricity sources. In 2019, nuclear power continued to supply significant amounts of low carbon baseload electricity, despite strong competition from low-cost fossil fuels and renewable energy sources. Governments committed to having nuclear power in the energy mix advanced plans for developing or increasing nuclear generating capacity, with the preparation of new build projects making progress in countries such as Finland, Hungary, Turkey, the United Kingdom and Russia. Further details on these and other developments are provided in the publication's numerous tables, graphs and country reports. This publication contains 'StatLinks'. For each StatLink, the reader will find a URL which leads to the corresponding spreadsheet. These links work in the same way as an Internet link
[fr]Les Donnees sur l'energie nucleaire, compilation annuelle de statistiques et de rapports nationaux preparee par l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'energie nucleaire, presentent la situation de l'energie nucleaire dans les pays membres de l'AEN et dans la zone de l'OCDE. Les informations communiquees par les gouvernements comprennent des statistiques sur la production d'electricite totale et nucleaire, les capacites et les besoins du cycle du combustible et, lorsqu'elles sont disponibles, des projections jusqu'en 2040. Les rapports nationaux proposent une synthese des politiques energetiques, de la situation des programmes electronucleaires et des evolutions du cycle du combustible. En 2020, la pandemie de COVID-19 a mis en avant l'importance de la securite de l'approvisionnement en electricite dans nos societes modernes. S'il est difficile d'evaluer les consequences a long terme sur la production d'electricite, on observe que, pendant la crise, l'energie nucleaire a continue de soutenir la securite d'approvisionnement et demeure, avec les renouvelables, l'une des sources d'electricite les plus resilientes. En 2019, les centrales nucleaires ont continue de fournir de grandes quantites d'electricite en base faiblement carbonee, et ce dans un contexte de forte concurrence avec les combustibles fossiles bon marche et les energies renouvelables. Les pays decides a inclure ou conserver le nucleaire dans leur bouquet energetique ont poursuivi leurs projets de deploiement ou d'augmentation de leur puissance nucleaire installee. Ainsi, des projets de construction progressent en Finlande, en Hongrie, au Royaume- Uni, en Russie et en Turquie. De plus amples informations sur ces evolutions et d'autres developpements sont fournies dans les nombreux tableaux, graphiques et rapports nationaux que contient cet ouvrage. Cette publication contient des 'StatLinks'. Fonctionnant comme un lien internet, un StatLink fournit l'acces a la feuille de calcul correspondante
[en] This publication presents a quarterly review of power generation from photovoltaic power plants connected to the French grid (continental France, Corsica and overseas territories): number of facilities and total connected load, quarterly and annual distribution of new connections, distribution of existing and new photovoltaic power plants per power range, trend of the photovoltaic solar power growth, pending projects (number and power), detailed regional results (number of facilities, power, newly connected loads), annual and quarterly evolution of power generation and connected loads, results revision.
[en] This publication presents the bio-methane industry situation of continental France during the Fourth quarter 2020: bio-methane production facilities (number, production capacity per type of facility), annual and quarterly evolution of production capacities, pending projects with their expected capacities, evolution of quarterly production, regional distribution and evolution of biomethane facilities with their maximum production capacities and the share injected into the gas distribution system, regional distribution of pending projects with their expected maximum production capacities.
[en] This document presents a comprehensive review of the 2020 market of domestic wood-fuel space heating appliances. Content: 1 - Methodology (questionnaire, sales components, synthesis); 2 - Domestic wood-fuel space heating appliances market: Global market figures (closed hearths and inserts segment, wood stoves segment, cooking stoves segment, boilers segment), sales evolution since 2010; 3 - Wood stoves segment (appliances, sales evolution); 4 - Closed hearths and inserts segment (appliances, sales evolution); 5 - Boilers segment (appliances, sales evolution); 6 - Cooking stoves segment (appliances, sales evolution); 7 - Synthesis.
[en] This publication presents the situation of biogas-fueled power plants in continental France and overseas territories during the Fourth quarter 2020: number of power plants, total connected load, new connected loads, power range distribution of facilities, evolution of park facilities and projection, distribution and production capacities by type of facilities, regional distribution of facilities (number, power, newly connected loads), overall national power generation from biogas and its evolution, focus on biogas facilities for power generation (annual and quarterly evolution, power range), regional power generation from biogas (number of facilities, power, newly connected loads).
[en] After a synthesis of the 4. quarter 2020 news and a focus on the implementation of the French solar energy development plan 'PlaceAuSoleil', this publication presents in a series of graphs the situation of photovoltaic energy development in France and in the whole world: evolution of the world's photovoltaic park (new and cumulated capacities), world comparison of production costs of new power generation capacities, photovoltaic power generation in France (photovoltaic share in the French power consumption, new connected capacities per surface size and for self-consumption, evolution of connected capacities rate, self-consumption market trend, residential market analysis and feed-in tariffs per surface size, pending projects, evolution of feed-in tariffs in continental France, extra public burdens induced by new connections with respect to surface size.
[en] Reference materials (RMs) are very important for method development and validation. In order to quickly and reliably select the suitable RM for validating the determination of plutonium (Pu), we reviewed the RMs of Pu and prepared extensive Pu datasets in this study. After data treatment and a series of statistical analyses, we obtained the statistical values of 238-241Pu activity and Pu isotopic ratio for RMs. The statistical value of 239+240Pu activity is consistent with the certified value, indicating these measured values are highly reliable. We anticipate that, after further independent work at different laboratories, the statistical values of the Pu isotopic ratios are very important to validate analysis methods and calibrate the mass bias for environmental Pu analysis. (author)