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[en] Complete text of publication follows. The Harang discontinuity is known as the region in the near magnetospheric tail where the earthward plasma flow is divided into the parts passing the Earth on the dawnward or duskward sides. The importance of this bifurcation point for the substorm onset has long been discussed controversially. Presently there is more and more observational evidence provided that the intense field-aligned current (FAC) associated with the substorm break-up is connected to the Harang discontinuity. Based on a catalogue of more than 4000 substorms a statistical study of the onset characteristics has been performed. For about 50 cases nearby CHAMP observations are available. They show systematically the presence of a strong upward FAC in the center flanked by weaker downward currents on the poleward and equatorward sides. In certain cases the magnetic field variations exhibit some helical signatures. We will try to explain the observations in a global picture.
[en] Researched and determined the diapason of transfer of electric power according to capacity E=0.68 el v. It was determined that in order to decrease the opposing epoxy compose, it is necessary the ultra sound affection as the direction of hesitating should match with the direction of magnet powerful lines. This will give the result of receiving the epoxy cover with separate opposing 3 10-43 10-5Om.m which is 3 times lesser than ultra sound re implementing
[en] The purpose of this study was to compare the intracanal bacterial reduction using rotary instrumentation and intermittent passive ultrasonic irrigation (IPUI) with different concentrations and temperatures of NaOCl in different canal tapers. The root canals of seventy-two extracted single-rooted teeth were instrumented up to size 20k file and inoculated with E. faecalis. The teeth were divided into 5 experimental groups and one control. The root canals in the control group were shaped to a 0.04 taper using ProFile rotary files, with 1.5 minute of IPUI by NaOCl at a concentration of 2.5% and room temperature of 25degreeC for 30 seconds at a time at three intervals. In Group 1, the canals were shaped to a 0.06 taper, and in Groups 2 and 3 - the temperature of NaOCl used was 37degreeC and 45degreeC respectively, and in Groups 4 and 5 - the concentrations of NaOCl were 1% and 5% respectively. The canals were incubated at 37 degree C for 48 hours and bacterial samples were obtained using paper points and plated on agar plates. The zones of bacterial growth were measured and statistical analysis was performed. There was significantly more bacterial growth in the control group than in Groups 1, 2, 3 and 5. Furthermore, there was a significant reduction in bacterial growth in Group V compared to Group 4. The result of this study showed that significant bacterial reduction in contaminated root canals could be obtained using intermittent passive ultrasonic irrigation combined with 2.5% NaOCl at 37degreeC in canals prepared to a taper of 0.06. In addition, complete bacterial eradication could be obtained using IPUI with 2.5% NaOCl at 45degreeC or 5% NaOCl at room temperature (37degreeC). (author)
[en] This report contains financial and statistical data supplementing the Technical Cooperation Report for 2005. Again this year, the information is grouped under three headings: a) Resources and contributions, b) Disbursement and implementation summaries, c) Non-financial indicators, which allow the reader to make a comprehensive review of all information related to one subject. However, in a continuing effort to provide concise and transparent information, changes have been made in some of the tables from the presentation in 2003. The countries are grouped by region in most of the tables. An alphabetical listing by region of all countries/territories are mentioned in this report. Unless otherwise specified, all amounts are expressed in United States dollars. As most figures are rounded to thousands of US dollars, the amounts in tables may not add up exactly to the totals shown due to rounding
[en] The analysis of plastic surgery of face skin spacious defects of 42 patients after cancer treatment is consider in this article. The cancer treatment, including radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and surgery are discussed in this work.
[en] Peak search and analysis of the programs often associate peaks found in gamma-ray spectra of the radionuclides that are not present in the sample. Such radionuclides have to be excluded from the reported results. The dilemmas connected with reporting of the results near the detection limit are usually avoided by introducing a reporting limit exceeding considerably the detection limit. This approach has the drawback that small concentrations of emitters may not be reported, even though enough evidence for their presence in the sample is available. In this paper the statistical analysis of causes, which lead to manual elimination of radionuclides from the results of automatic analysis is presented for a set of measurements in our laboratory, covering a period of more than two years. Possibilities to improve the software to automatically detect and eliminate such results are presented as well. From the conclusions additional instructions to the operators on how to evaluate such peaks can be compiled. (author)
[en] The following pages contain financial and statistical data that supplement the Technical Cooperation Report for 2007. Again this year, the information is grouped under three headings: a) Resources and Contributions, b) Disbursement and Implementation Summaries, c) Non-financial Indicators, which allow the reader to view comprehensively the data for each area of activity. The countries are grouped by TC programme region in most of the tables. An alphabetical listing by region of all the countries/territories that are mentioned in this report. Unless otherwise specified, all amounts are expressed in United States dollars. As most figures are rounded to thousands of US dollars, the amounts in tables may not add up exactly to the totals shown due to rounding
[en] Data assimilation is a problem in estimating the fixed parameters and state of a model of an observed dynamical system as it receives inputs from measurements passing information to the model. Using methods developed in statistical physics, we present effective actions and equations of motion for the mean orbits associated with the temporal development of a dynamical model when it has errors, there is uncertainty in its initial state, and it receives information from noisy measurements. If there are statistical dependences among errors in the measurements they can be included in this approach.
[en] The present project aims to develop an open-source and object-oriented software Toolkit for statistical data analysis. Its statistical testing component contains a variety of Goodness-of-Fit tests, from Chi-squared to Kolmogorov-Smirnov, to less known, but generally much more powerful tests such as Anderson-Darling, Goodman, Fisz-Cramer-von Mises, Kuiper, Tiku. Thanks to the component-based design and the usage of the standard abstract interfaces for data analysis, this tool can be used by other data analysis systems or integrated in experimental software frameworks. This Toolkit has been released and is downloadable from the web. In this paper we describe the statistical details of the algorithms, the computational features of the Toolkit and describe the code validation
[en] The physical energy system of the Netherlands is described in the so-called Energy balance of CBS (Statistics Netherlands). The statistical office of Europe (Eurostat) and the International Energy Agency (IEA) also publish an energy balance of the Netherlands. They use data provided to these organizations by CBS. The main lines of these balances are the same as the CBS balance. Nevertheless, there are quite a number of differences, despite the use of the same basic data.
[nl]De fysieke energiehuishouding van Nederland wordt door het CBS beschreven in een zogenaamde energiebalans. Ook het statistische bureau van Europa (Eurostat) en het Internationaal Energieagentschap (IEA) publiceren een energiebalans van Nederland. Zij maken daarbij gebruik van gegevens die het CBS aan deze organisaties levert. Op hoofdlijnen lijken deze balansen op de CBS-balans. Ondanks het gebruik van dezelfde basisgegevens zijn er echter behoorlijk wat verschillen.