Results 1 - 10 of 201
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[en] The presentation will explore how the global partnership for development was reflected in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and how partnerships are covered in the successor 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development – both in terms of substance and approach. The world is undergoing rapid and disruptive change in a number of dimensions – economic, political, environmental, technological and demographic. The presentation will argue that new partnerships will be shaped and conditioned by this changing world around us. The very word ‘partnership’ has too often been used in a superficial way, rendering it devoid of meaning over time. The presentation will therefore suggest what the key elements of effective partnerships are, including a stronger recognition of the different assets that governments, the private sector and civil society bring to the table. (author)
[en] The present research is based on a survey sent to large, medium and small size companies, located in Portugal and within what are considered the most pollutant industrial sectors. The analyses of the results, processed with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 11.0, show that generally companies are concerned with the implementation of clean processes, green products and eco-equipment to have a cleaner environment, i.e. a more sustainable society. Statistically, the results show that the 98 potential polluting companies are moderately contributing for a green society (xm=3.1) regarding the ten environmental strategies under research. It can also be concluded that, globally, environmental strategies are directly linked to the companies' size. (author)
[en] The Ministry of Trade and Industry has published statistical information in several brochures, of which possibly the best known is the 'Finland and Energy' series. Alongside other data, the graphs in these brochures have indicated the impact of energy policy and have described the pressures on natural resources brought about by the energy sector. This publication, 'Energy Trends in Finland 2000', continues to present additional statistical data in the same context, aiming at more systematic processing of information. We have drawn up energy indicators, which follow current international examples in indicator formulation. The emphasis is on integration of environmental aspects and sustainable development into energy policy. We hope that this publication will reach a wide audience and will help readers to understand the prerequisites for energy policy in Finland, especially in relation to other industrialised countries
[en] The focus of this study is on a 'top-level' examination of the sustainability of nuclear energy in the context of the overall nuclear fuel cycle (NFC). This evaluation is conducted according to a set of established sustainability criteria that encompasses key economic (energy generation costs), environmental (resource utilization, long-term waste accumulations), and societal (nuclear-weapons proliferation risk) concerns associated with present and future NFC approaches. In this study, key NFCs are assessed according to a simplified and limited set of criteria that attempts to quantify NFC concerns related to cost, resource, waste, and proliferation. The overarching aim of this study is to examine a representative set of NFC options on a relative basis according to the adopted set of criteria to aid in the assessment and decision-making process. These criteria were then aggregated into a single, composite metric to examine the impacts of specific 'stakeholder' preferences. The study architecture is based on sets of nuclear process components. These sets are assembled around a particular nuclear reactor technology for the generation of electricity. Selections are made from the resulting sets of reactor-centric technologies and grouped to form nine central NFC scenarios. The above-described sustainability metrics are evaluated using a steady-state (equilibrium), highly aggregated model that is applied through mass and energy conservation to evaluate each NFC scenario. Six NFC scenarios examined to varying degrees are adaptations or extensions of scenarios used in a recent OECD study (OECD, 2002) of partitioning and transmutation (P and T) schemes based on accelerator-driven systems (ADS) or fast reactors (FR). Three NFC scenarios are based entirely on present-day or near-term LWR technologies. In addition to these near-term scenarios, more advanced systems considered in the original OECD study on which this model is based were retained using a similar evaluation methodology .The evaluation of the various scenarios focussed on the influence of an increased fuel burn-up in the LWR-based technologies. One focus of this report is the description and evaluation of the model and methodology for conducting Multi-Criteria Analyses (MCA) based on a range of stakeholder interests and/or biases. In addition to these scenario-based results and comparisons, the methodology developed also represents an important product of this investigation that could be useful in expanded NFC studies that ultimately must incorporate dynamic simulation and/or optimisation analyses. The results from this study are organized into main findings, specific conclusions, and recommendations, with the recommendations being divided into areas of policy and future work. In composite, it concluded that the richness of options for nuclear energy on the one hand represents a vast field of research wherein the economy, ecology, and society 'pillars' of sustainability must be addressed, and, on the other hand, nuclear energy shows that the full potential of sustainable nuclear energy can only be reaped through the implementation of advanced fuels, fuel cycles, and reactors that together use both present-day and advanced reprocessing technologies. Within the limitations of the model used, a quantitative basis for this conclusion is presented in the form of detailed results. (author)
[en] Renewable energy is basic to reduce poverty and to allow sustainable development. However, the concept of renewable energy must be carefully established, particularly in the case of biomass. This paper analyses the sustainability of biomass, comparing the so-called 'traditional' and 'modern' biomass, and discusses the need for statistical information, which will allow the elaboration of scenarios relevant to renewable energy targets in the world
[en] In order to reduce global warming, biomass is expected to become one of the key energy resources. The solid wastes of olives are called as olive cake. This has been in use as an energy source. After the oil crisis in 1970s, there has been increase in studies of alternative and renewable energy resources as well as fuel technologies. However fossil fuels still preserve the predominant position satisfying 90% of the world energy consumption. On the basis of the sustainable development principle and suggestions of Kyoto protocol, their has been an emphasis on the urgent need for reduction of the emission of green house gases the generates negative impact on ozone and replacing current energy resources with renewable energy
[en] From the understanding of sustainable development as 'growing assets and opening options - not foreclosing them' (IAEA, 2006a), an analysis is made on sustainability conditions for nuclear power in a developing country, based on Argentinean experience. The necessity of developing an autonomous decision-making capability and a technological-industrial infrastructure is stressed. As an example, a brief history of nuclear power in Argentina is summarized, focusing in key elements that contributed to sustainability and also pointing out some draw-backs that may have affected it. Finally, some lessons learned are presented, with the aim of sharing the experience and offering a contribution to the present debate on nuclear energy deployment in the periphery. (authors)
[en] Green Investing is the facility that can offer private persons tax benefits when they save or invest money with a green financial institute which uses such money to invest in or finance green projects. The Green Investment annual report for 2009 shows that Green Investment is still very popular. The number of participating money savers / investors has increased by 16,000 to 250,000 in total.
[nl]Groen Beleggen is de faciliteit die particulieren een fiscaal voordeel biedt als zij sparen of beleggen bij een 'groene instelling' die het geld gebruikt om 'groenprojecten' te financieren. Uit het Groen Beleggen jaarbericht over 2009 blijkt dat Groen Beleggen onverminderd populair is. Het aantal deelnemende spaarders/beleggers is toegenomen met 16.000 naar totaal 250.000.
[en] The purpose of this publication is to present current monthly economic statistics for most of the countries and territories of the world. In addition, each month a different selection of special tables is presented showing annual and/or quarterly data on a variety of subjects illustrating important economic long-term trends and developments. Most of these special tables are also reproduced in the United Nations Statistical Yearbook. It is, however, considered to be useful to publish these data in the Bulletin as soon as they become available so that readers may have immediate access to the most current international statistical information