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[en] The purpose of this study is to explore the empirical relationship between foreign direct investment (FDI), population, energy production, and water resources in South Asia. The newly developed approach dynamic common correlated effects (DCCE) by Chudik and Pesaran (Journal of Econometrics 188:393–420, 2015a) for measuring co-integration has been applied in the present study. This procedure provides significant robust outcomes in the presence of cross-sectional dependence among the cross-sectional units. The findings confirmed that earlier models, such as mean group (MG), pooled mean group (PMG), and augmented mean group (AMG), which have been used in the literature for long data, provide misleading results in the presence of cross-sectional dependence among the cross-sectional units. A statistically significant and negative result has been observed between FDI, population, energy production, and water resources in South Asia. The governments of South Asian economies must encourage green FDI initiatives for water management, ensuring water security, securing natural resources for enhancing the sustainable development of regional economies.
[en] The Georges Besse II plant is located on the Tricastin industrial platform, the historic site of the French nuclear industry since 1960, and is specialized in uranium enrichment for the fabrication of nuclear fuels. In 2011 the Georges Besse II plant took over the EURODIF plant and since then centrifugation instead of gaseous diffusion technology has been used for uranium enrichment. This technology change reduced by 98% the electric power consumption of the plant and no more water is taken from the nearby Rhone river as a water closed system has been set. Plant's buildings are only half as tall as EURODIF's ones which allows a better integration in its surroundings. The Georges Besse II plant was designed to have the least possible environmental impact and earned the triple quality ISO certification concerning health, safety and environment. (A.C.)
[en] On 24 and 25 September 2019, Heads of State and Government will gather at the United Nations Headquarters in New York to follow up and comprehensively review progress in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The event is the first UN summit on the SDGs since the adoption of the 2030 Agenda in September 2015. The 2030 Agenda is the plan of action for people, planet and prosperity. It aims to transform our world and to improve people's lives and prosperity on a healthy planet. It applies to all countries through partnerships and peace. Countries, regions, cities, the business sector and civil society are actively engaged in implementing the Agenda and the SDGs. They are mobilizing efforts to end all forms of poverty, fighting inequalities and tackling climate change while ensuring that no one is left behind. The summit will be a space to discuss the huge efforts that are being made and to identify future actions for accelerating progress towards the SDGs. The Sustainable Development Goals are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all
[en] Over the years, sustainability has been a major theme discussed by the leading environmental organizations around the world. Excessive consumption is one of the factors that is directly connected to environmental issues, interfering with the sustainability capacity of the Earth. Attitudes and behavior are influenced by both conscious (explicit) or unconscious (implicit) associations that subjects have in their memory. In order to identify unconscious associations, specific implicit memory tests are required, such as the Implicit Association Test (IAT), which is widely used to measure implicit associations towards several themes. This work aims to present the results from a pretest using the IAT to identify and measure the implicit associations of a group of environmental specialists regarding consumption and sustainability. By using the FreeIAT software, the IAT was customized for this research. The pretest with environmental specialists was conducted to check the consistency of the customized IAT. The Cronbach´s alpha was applied to measure the reliability of the test and showed good internal consistency. Since the results from the pretest with the specialists demonstrated that the customized IAT is reliable and consistent, this test can be applied to other groups of subjects to identify the implicit associations towards consumption and sustainability. The data obtained from the administration of the customized IAT will contribute to many research fields related to the environment, consumption, sustainability, energy and development. (author)
[en] Role of Nuclear Power: • Nuclear power has an important role to play to achieve UN Sustainable Development Goals and climate change targets; • Innovation is key for the expanded role of nuclear power; • IAEA is addressing growing interest of Member States through different activities supporting innovation in the current NPP fleet and development and deployment of advanced and innovative nuclear energy systems.
[en] The low implementation of the tourism sustainability norm of Colombia (NTS-TS 002/2014), leaves disadvantaged the small MiPymes of the tourism sector. The objective of this work is to investigate the low certification of lodging establishments in the province of Sugamuxi through the social representations of owners, entities that designed the standard and a focal group comprising actors such as companies, State and tourists. It was detected that communication is the most highlighted word within the cloud of words within the concerns that entrepreneurs have for the implementation of the standard. Additionally, a rejection is perceived since some entrepreneurs are not clear about the economic, social and growth benefits with the implementation of the certification.
[en] Freshwater lakes provide critical ecological services to the local ecosystem. However, many of them are facing serious challenges, such as ecosystem degradation and water contamination, due to irrational water utilization and a lack of effective management. Under such a circumstance, it is crucial to examine the ecosystem services of freshwater lakes and uncover the driving forces so that appropriate protection policies can be raised. This study aims to fill such a research gap by employing an emergy accounting method. A case study of Erhai Lake (the second largest freshwater lake in Yunnan province, southwest China) was conducted for the period of 2001–2015. Driving forces that affect ecosystem services were analyzed by using Logarithmic Mean Divisia Index (LMDI). Results show that the total ecosystem services of Erhai Lake were reduced from 334.03E + 18 sej in 2001 to 274.37E + 18 sej in 2015. This was caused by the obvious decline of regulating services and supporting services, far exceeding the increase of provisioning services and cultural services. In 2015, two types of increased services that benefit human life in the market became the primary services of Erhai Lake. And their proportions were far beyond the two reduced ones that were overlooked due to their public and free attributes. The key driving forces include economic scale factor (∆EES), the fast and intensive economic activities. This development was at the cost of environmental degradation based upon the analysis of emergy benefit factor (∆EEB). Finally, several suggestions are presented. This study provides valuable insights to understand ecosystem services of freshwater lakes so that a sustainable development pathway can be found to protect such freshwater lakes.
[en] GIFEN (the task group of French enterprises in nuclear engineering) was founded in June 2018 with the aim of developing the attractiveness of the French nuclear industry in international competitive tendering. GIFEN members have elected an executive board of 18 members. GIFEN's policy is to implement the objectives that were defined in the strategic partnership signed between the state and nuclear industry. This contract is composed of 4 main axes: 1) jobs, skills and training, 2) digital transformation of nuclear engineering, 3) research, development and ecological transformation of nuclear activities, and 4) international development. The future of the French nuclear engineering relies on 2 pillars: the development of the second generation EPR benefiting from the feedback of the first EPR built in the world and the development of the NUWARD project proposing small size modular reactors. Then the French nuclear engineering will be able to play both sides of the coin: low power reactors and high power reactors. Furthermore, French nuclear industry must foster the development of a circular economy in the domain of fuel cycle and in the recycling of very low level radioactive waste. (A.C.)