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[en] This study examines the possible relationship between leadership competency and project performance within an Indonesia project-based organization setting. Four mediating variables are considered in the analysis: industry type, project complexity, project strategic value, and contract type. Design/methodology/approach: A cross-sectional quantitative survey was administered to empirically evaluate the theoretical model. The targeted population was projected in Indonesia and a snowball sampling method was utilized. Out of 183 respondents, 81 responded to the invitation, which accounts for a 44.2% response rate. Findings: It was found that the leadership profiles of more and less successful project managers differ, which suggests a positive association between competency and performance. More importantly, the evidence suggests that both industry type and complexity moderate the relationship. The different patterns of leadership profiles for successful managers in three types of industries—const ruction, information and communication technology (ICT), and consultancy—and under different project complexity levels were observed. No substantial evidence was observed for the moderating effects of “project strategic value” and “contract type.” It was also found that across contexts, three attributes of leadership differently influence performance in the following order of importance: IQ, MQ, and EQ. Generally, the results agree with the findings of past similar studies in different countries. However, some variations were found at a more detailed level, which may be due to cultural differences. Research limitations/implications: The study further extends the existing body of knowledge on project leadership, as it provides a new understanding on leadership profile and its efficacy within different contexts of project-based organizations in Indonesia a case of a developing country. Practical implications: It exposes project practitioners to different leadership profiles that lead to successful and unsuccessful projects within different settings. This study provides an original work (theoretical and empirical) on a leadership area of project management within a specific context of a developing country.
[en] Indeed due to global advancement, rapid technological innovation, and enhancing regional influence, supply chain (SC) has become an essential element. Now, competition has shifted from organization to industry level; any disruption can not only disturb organization but also affect the whole industry. Although Pakistan is agriculture land still industry sector is supporting more than half population, especially the automotive sector is the highest growing sector. Due to regional and economic shift toward China and India, this sector is facing numerous problems. Only thirteen large-scale automotive organizations are operational by creating collaboration among them many issues can be resolved. Supply chain collaboration has dogged the performance in various industries and in various regions. The aim of this study is to explore the potential benefits of supply chain collaboration toward achieving operational performance. Design/methodology/approach: This is an empirical investigation conducting among supply chain department of automotive industries in Pakistan. Data were collected from 232 members of the supply chain that include suppliers, manufacturers, and distributors. Factor analysis and multiple regressions through SPSS have been used for data analysis.The finding of this study reveals that two supply chain management approaches information sharing (IS), joint decision making (JDM) significantly effect, while Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) does not have a significant effect on operational performance. Research limitations: This study consists only three approaches, next study should include more approaches. Secondly, this study is limited to the automotive sector. Practical implications: [This study will help the managers of the automotive industry in making their operation smooth by applying information sharing, joint decision making, and electronic data interchange. Originality/value: First novelty of this study is the implementation of supply chain collaboration for developing country especially for Pakistan. Secondly, this study seed collaboration as communication and include all aspects of communication like formal communication, informal communication.
[en] There are currently some projects ongoing aimed at the construction of a commercial fusion reactor capable of operating in a controlled manner and generating clean energy, and one of the most important initiatives is the ITER Project in Cadarache (France). This reactor is based on the confinement of plasma through magnetic fields, being one of the most important technological challenges the cooling of complex components under extreme conditions of temperature and radiation. This article aims to briefly show some aspects related to the calculation of such components using computational fluid dynamics tools (CFD) noting that these studies have been focused on the vacuum vessel that contains the radiation emitted by the plasma and the evacuation of the generated heat
[es]A lo largo de los últimos años, la fusión nuclear ha cobrado cada vez más importancia dentro del panorama de la investigación de nuevas fuentes de energía. Actualmente existen varios conceptos mediante los que se pretende alcanzar la fusión nuclear con vistas a construir un reactor comercial capaz de generar energía limpia. Una de las iniciativas más importantes en el desarrollo de la fusión nuclear es el reactor experimental ITER en construcción en Cadarache, Francia. Este reactor, basado en el confinamiento por campos magnéticos del plasma que genera la reacción de fusión presenta un reto tecnológico en un amplio abanico de disciplinas, entre ellas la refrigeración de complejos componentes bajo condiciones extremas tanto térmicas como de radiación. IDOM ha participado desde hace años en el cálculo de dichos componentes mediante herramientas de dinámica de fluidos computacional (CFD) y ha desarrollado una metodología propia que permite la simulación de grandes estructuras y su análisis detallado desde el punto de vista de diseño, operativo y de seguridad. Estos estudios se han centrado en la refrigeración de la vasija de vacío que contiene la radiación emitida por el plasma y evacúa el calor que éste genera para la posterior generación de electricidad. La tecnología desarrollada por IDOM para la tecnología de fusión también se ha aplicado con éxito a otras disciplinas dentro de la industria nuclear. La propuesta es explicar, como introducción, ITER en el marco de los trabajos que se están realizando con CFD. Después una primera parte en la que se explicará en qué consisten los cálculos y para qué se aplican, y una segunda parte en la que extendemos esta tecnología a otros campos relacionados con la tecnología nuclear.
[en] The Non-Commercial Power Reactor (RDNK) that is planned to be built in the Puspiptek Serpong Area, will have an impact on the community around the area. To minimize social problems, it is necessary to apply social engineering using a community-based approach. Social engineering is done by providing information and increasing understanding of nuclear technology, RDNK development plan and its utilization to the public. The aim of this assessment is to form community groups through an appropriate approach to increase community acceptance by active involvement in dissemination activities. The methodology used is through literature review, active involvement from the community through interviews and group discussions with stakeholders, in several villages around the Serpong Puspiptek Area, then an analysis is conducted. The results showed that the interpersonal communication approach would increase public awareness of the importance of utilizing nuclear science and technology. There are positive changes from the community towards understanding nuclear science and technology before and after education. This understanding is understood by people with varying ages of 30-70 years, with most of the education being senior high school and above, and most having jobs outside the government. In this study also obtained community groups who are willing to be involved in dissemination activities that are scattered in 8 village, namely Setu, Muncul, Kademangan, Keranggan, Cibogo, Bakti Jaya, Pengasinan, and Pabuaran. (author)
[en] Despite all peaceful applications of nuclear technology, it is still addressed with prejudice. Prejudices may be explicit (conscious) or implicit (unconscious). However, either explicit or implicit, they interfere with individuals' behavior and attitudes. Prejudices against any theme may be reduced and even reversed by new learning on the theme. Multisensory techniques have proven to make learning richer and more motivating. This work aims to present the development of a multisensory program designed for learning about the beneficial applications of nuclear technology and compare this program to a 12-week traditional teaching program with lecture classes about the nuclear technology. The multisensory program was held at the Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN) for a group of teachers. Assisted tours to the IEA-R1 and to the Centro da Tecnologia das Radiacoes (CTR) as well as a coffee break serving a variety of commercially-available foods containing irradiated ingredients were part of the multisensory approach. The Implicit Association Test (IAT) was administered before and after the program to identify and measure the implicit associations towards the nuclear technology. This multisensory program was compared to a 12-week traditional teaching program with lecture classes about the nuclear technology held at IPEN. Unlike the multisensory program, the IAT results from the traditional program demonstrated that the lecture classes were not effective for changing the implicit associations. The multisensory program was an effective tool for changing the implicit associations and can be useful for disseminating the beneficial applications of the nuclear technology. (author)
[en] A first publication contains syntheses of contributions presented at the meeting. They addressed hydroelectric equipment markets, engineering markets, hydroelectric work markets, the role of SMEs on these markets. The road-maps of five important ordering customers (GEG, EDF, GE, Streiff, CNR) are briefly presented. Documents of presentation of the meeting are proposed, as well as Power Point presentations by these ordering customers, a list of exhibitors, and a comprehensive press review of articles published in different local, specialised or professional media
[en] The emergence of additive manufacturing could deeply modify proliferation processes, and highlights imperfections of multilateral regimes of export control and their ability to face technical development. The author shows how multilateral control regimes are complex arrangements which are challenged by the empowerment of production capacities. Additive manufacturing machines are standard tools which are able to give shape to objects through successive addition of matter layers according to statements of build files. Thus, data and sketches can be potentially transformed into weapons of mass destruction. In this way, the influence of additive manufacturing on proliferation is an upheaval which is to be assessed and prepared
[en] Historically there is a lag between development of Reactor and other Nuclear technologies and development of Waste management Technologies. Though the seriousness of the waste management was recognised early-on, several quick and low cost options were pursued in various parts of the world. However these options have proved to be less effective with the many-fold expansion in the scale of operations. Combined with this, growing awareness among public and demand to include the cost of waste management in the overall economics of nuclear energy it has become imperative to innovate and achieve better segregation, containment and volume reduction at a lower cost in a transparent manner. Even Low and intermediate level wastes are causing concern due to public perception. The above factors pose a challenge to the Radioactive waste managers and technology developers. With the continued R and D in the field of waste management and with the adoption of several technologies it is possible to meet these challenges. This lecture briefly presents the possible options to meet the above
[en] Thermal power, steel, cement, and coal chemical industries account 62.6% energy consumption and 84.6% carbon emissions of China simultaneously in 2015. This research use C3IAM-Tice model to analyze the impact of advanced technologies ratio increasing quantitatively. The model can explore the balance of emission reduction and economy efficiency of energy use, finally got the technology structure optimization for these four industries. The paper uses the historical energy consumption and CO2 emission, combing with the low-carbon developing goal objection, to create the database for these four energy- and carbon-intensive industries. As the result, the scenario-4, which is the most advanced technology-oriented strategy, shows 282 Mt CO2 emission reductions for the 2020 Goal. In this scenario, 26.19%, 47.43%, 65.39%, and 28.98% of the CO2 emissions per unit of added value in thermal power industry, steel industry, cement industry, and coal chemical industry could be reduced comparing with data in 2005. Although the advanced technology-oriented strategy shows the positive impact, we need to consider the cost of elimination of existed technology. On the other hand, the paper notices the future technology, with new energy alternative, low-carbon economy development, and industry restructure together, which are important factors for the low-carbon development of China.