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[en] This study examines the possible relationship between leadership competency and project performance within an Indonesia project-based organization setting. Four mediating variables are considered in the analysis: industry type, project complexity, project strategic value, and contract type. Design/methodology/approach: A cross-sectional quantitative survey was administered to empirically evaluate the theoretical model. The targeted population was projected in Indonesia and a snowball sampling method was utilized. Out of 183 respondents, 81 responded to the invitation, which accounts for a 44.2% response rate. Findings: It was found that the leadership profiles of more and less successful project managers differ, which suggests a positive association between competency and performance. More importantly, the evidence suggests that both industry type and complexity moderate the relationship. The different patterns of leadership profiles for successful managers in three types of industries—const ruction, information and communication technology (ICT), and consultancy—and under different project complexity levels were observed. No substantial evidence was observed for the moderating effects of “project strategic value” and “contract type.” It was also found that across contexts, three attributes of leadership differently influence performance in the following order of importance: IQ, MQ, and EQ. Generally, the results agree with the findings of past similar studies in different countries. However, some variations were found at a more detailed level, which may be due to cultural differences. Research limitations/implications: The study further extends the existing body of knowledge on project leadership, as it provides a new understanding on leadership profile and its efficacy within different contexts of project-based organizations in Indonesia a case of a developing country. Practical implications: It exposes project practitioners to different leadership profiles that lead to successful and unsuccessful projects within different settings. This study provides an original work (theoretical and empirical) on a leadership area of project management within a specific context of a developing country.
[en] Indeed due to global advancement, rapid technological innovation, and enhancing regional influence, supply chain (SC) has become an essential element. Now, competition has shifted from organization to industry level; any disruption can not only disturb organization but also affect the whole industry. Although Pakistan is agriculture land still industry sector is supporting more than half population, especially the automotive sector is the highest growing sector. Due to regional and economic shift toward China and India, this sector is facing numerous problems. Only thirteen large-scale automotive organizations are operational by creating collaboration among them many issues can be resolved. Supply chain collaboration has dogged the performance in various industries and in various regions. The aim of this study is to explore the potential benefits of supply chain collaboration toward achieving operational performance. Design/methodology/approach: This is an empirical investigation conducting among supply chain department of automotive industries in Pakistan. Data were collected from 232 members of the supply chain that include suppliers, manufacturers, and distributors. Factor analysis and multiple regressions through SPSS have been used for data analysis.The finding of this study reveals that two supply chain management approaches information sharing (IS), joint decision making (JDM) significantly effect, while Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) does not have a significant effect on operational performance. Research limitations: This study consists only three approaches, next study should include more approaches. Secondly, this study is limited to the automotive sector. Practical implications: [This study will help the managers of the automotive industry in making their operation smooth by applying information sharing, joint decision making, and electronic data interchange. Originality/value: First novelty of this study is the implementation of supply chain collaboration for developing country especially for Pakistan. Secondly, this study seed collaboration as communication and include all aspects of communication like formal communication, informal communication.
[en] The Non-Commercial Power Reactor (RDNK) that is planned to be built in the Puspiptek Serpong Area, will have an impact on the community around the area. To minimize social problems, it is necessary to apply social engineering using a community-based approach. Social engineering is done by providing information and increasing understanding of nuclear technology, RDNK development plan and its utilization to the public. The aim of this assessment is to form community groups through an appropriate approach to increase community acceptance by active involvement in dissemination activities. The methodology used is through literature review, active involvement from the community through interviews and group discussions with stakeholders, in several villages around the Serpong Puspiptek Area, then an analysis is conducted. The results showed that the interpersonal communication approach would increase public awareness of the importance of utilizing nuclear science and technology. There are positive changes from the community towards understanding nuclear science and technology before and after education. This understanding is understood by people with varying ages of 30-70 years, with most of the education being senior high school and above, and most having jobs outside the government. In this study also obtained community groups who are willing to be involved in dissemination activities that are scattered in 8 village, namely Setu, Muncul, Kademangan, Keranggan, Cibogo, Bakti Jaya, Pengasinan, and Pabuaran. (author)
[en] Despite all peaceful applications of nuclear technology, it is still addressed with prejudice. Prejudices may be explicit (conscious) or implicit (unconscious). However, either explicit or implicit, they interfere with individuals' behavior and attitudes. Prejudices against any theme may be reduced and even reversed by new learning on the theme. Multisensory techniques have proven to make learning richer and more motivating. This work aims to present the development of a multisensory program designed for learning about the beneficial applications of nuclear technology and compare this program to a 12-week traditional teaching program with lecture classes about the nuclear technology. The multisensory program was held at the Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN) for a group of teachers. Assisted tours to the IEA-R1 and to the Centro da Tecnologia das Radiacoes (CTR) as well as a coffee break serving a variety of commercially-available foods containing irradiated ingredients were part of the multisensory approach. The Implicit Association Test (IAT) was administered before and after the program to identify and measure the implicit associations towards the nuclear technology. This multisensory program was compared to a 12-week traditional teaching program with lecture classes about the nuclear technology held at IPEN. Unlike the multisensory program, the IAT results from the traditional program demonstrated that the lecture classes were not effective for changing the implicit associations. The multisensory program was an effective tool for changing the implicit associations and can be useful for disseminating the beneficial applications of the nuclear technology. (author)
[en] A first publication contains syntheses of contributions presented at the meeting. They addressed hydroelectric equipment markets, engineering markets, hydroelectric work markets, the role of SMEs on these markets. The road-maps of five important ordering customers (GEG, EDF, GE, Streiff, CNR) are briefly presented. Documents of presentation of the meeting are proposed, as well as Power Point presentations by these ordering customers, a list of exhibitors, and a comprehensive press review of articles published in different local, specialised or professional media
[en] The aim of this article is to assess the impact of copper availability on the energy transition and to answer the question whether copper could become critical to the power and the transport sectors due to the high copper content of low-carbon technologies compared to conventional technologies. The article stresses on the environmental impact on Chile water resources of an expected copper consumption rise
[en] Power Point presentations are gathered as contributions to this meeting. They propose an overview of the role of hydroelectricity (constraints to manage a network operating with 35 pc of intermittent renewable energies, needs and technologies for future network services in Europe, example of a large interconnected grid), address the systemic complementarity of hydropower with other intermittent renewable energies (stakes of the integration of renewable energies into a largely hydroelectric production fleet in French Guiana, technology of combination of hydro and photovoltaic solar, hydroelectricity and system services in non or not much interconnected networks), discuss how hydroelectricity is an opportunity for the integration of intermittent renewable energies (a PV-hydro virtual plant demonstrator, combination of the Rhone flexibility and intermittent energies, difficulties of energy hybridisation for small hydroelectricity), and comment the innovation in the fields of flexibility and grid services (quick response of hydroelectric units, the Innov'Hydro project, the X FLEX European project)
[en] This study first discusses the context and stakes related to the use of rare earth materials: description of chemical properties and characteristics, indication of the location of the main deposits, of the various applications, of the economic and political context, discussion of the criticality of these materials and of their environmental impacts. The next part more particularly addresses the use of rare earths in renewable energies, either for renewable energy production or for renewable energy storage. The consequences of this use of rare earths for the development of renewable energies are then discussed
[en] The objectives of this conference have been to provide an overview of the French situation in the field of methanization of sludge from sewage treatment plants, to recall the regulatory and organisational context of this technique, and to initiate debates and to answer to questions raised by scientific and technical contributions, returns on experience, and debates about ways to improve biogas production. Herein presented under the form of Power Point presentations, contributions discussed the prevailing emergence of digestion as an essential stage of wastewater sanitation, the regulatory context and framework of sludge digestion, preliminary considerations prior to the implementation of digestion of sludge produced by sewage treatment plants, the results of a survey performed in 2018 about the digestion on sludge from sewage treatment plants in France, problems faced during the exploitation of installations (and more particularly foaming and struvite), the methanization of sludge for a carbon neutral Sewage Treatment Plant, the mixing of digesters, the optimisation of biogas production (advanced control and assessment), and the digestion and sewage treatment plant of the future.
[en] This note aims at proposing an overview of the situation of stakes related to the modelling of transition scenarios which are being always more used by some actors, notably firms. Thus, it aims at defining main concepts, and at demystifying the modelling action. After a general definition of a model (modelling approach and structuring elements, resolution method, modelling paradigms), it presents the Integrated Assessment Models or IAMs (genesis, use, and present structure). Some examples are presented, and an attempt of classification of models is reported. Limitations of the IAMs are discussed. The characteristics of some models (Image, Message-Globiom, Reming-MagPie, AIM/CGE, GCAM, World Energy Model, Times, Mesap-E[R], and E3ME) are presented in appendix