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[en] This study examines the possible relationship between leadership competency and project performance within an Indonesia project-based organization setting. Four mediating variables are considered in the analysis: industry type, project complexity, project strategic value, and contract type. Design/methodology/approach: A cross-sectional quantitative survey was administered to empirically evaluate the theoretical model. The targeted population was projected in Indonesia and a snowball sampling method was utilized. Out of 183 respondents, 81 responded to the invitation, which accounts for a 44.2% response rate. Findings: It was found that the leadership profiles of more and less successful project managers differ, which suggests a positive association between competency and performance. More importantly, the evidence suggests that both industry type and complexity moderate the relationship. The different patterns of leadership profiles for successful managers in three types of industries—const ruction, information and communication technology (ICT), and consultancy—and under different project complexity levels were observed. No substantial evidence was observed for the moderating effects of “project strategic value” and “contract type.” It was also found that across contexts, three attributes of leadership differently influence performance in the following order of importance: IQ, MQ, and EQ. Generally, the results agree with the findings of past similar studies in different countries. However, some variations were found at a more detailed level, which may be due to cultural differences. Research limitations/implications: The study further extends the existing body of knowledge on project leadership, as it provides a new understanding on leadership profile and its efficacy within different contexts of project-based organizations in Indonesia a case of a developing country. Practical implications: It exposes project practitioners to different leadership profiles that lead to successful and unsuccessful projects within different settings. This study provides an original work (theoretical and empirical) on a leadership area of project management within a specific context of a developing country.
[en] Indeed due to global advancement, rapid technological innovation, and enhancing regional influence, supply chain (SC) has become an essential element. Now, competition has shifted from organization to industry level; any disruption can not only disturb organization but also affect the whole industry. Although Pakistan is agriculture land still industry sector is supporting more than half population, especially the automotive sector is the highest growing sector. Due to regional and economic shift toward China and India, this sector is facing numerous problems. Only thirteen large-scale automotive organizations are operational by creating collaboration among them many issues can be resolved. Supply chain collaboration has dogged the performance in various industries and in various regions. The aim of this study is to explore the potential benefits of supply chain collaboration toward achieving operational performance. Design/methodology/approach: This is an empirical investigation conducting among supply chain department of automotive industries in Pakistan. Data were collected from 232 members of the supply chain that include suppliers, manufacturers, and distributors. Factor analysis and multiple regressions through SPSS have been used for data analysis.The finding of this study reveals that two supply chain management approaches information sharing (IS), joint decision making (JDM) significantly effect, while Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) does not have a significant effect on operational performance. Research limitations: This study consists only three approaches, next study should include more approaches. Secondly, this study is limited to the automotive sector. Practical implications: [This study will help the managers of the automotive industry in making their operation smooth by applying information sharing, joint decision making, and electronic data interchange. Originality/value: First novelty of this study is the implementation of supply chain collaboration for developing country especially for Pakistan. Secondly, this study seed collaboration as communication and include all aspects of communication like formal communication, informal communication.
[en] The main objective of this research is to design a decision-making network, based on the Analytic Network Process (ANP) technique (Saaty, 1996), which will include the main elements to take into account when stating the effect that the application of LP techniques has got on the performance of an organisation, measured this through a Performance Measurement System (PMS). Design/methodology/approach: The authors have carried out a scientific literature search to state what the main LP techniques are –and how to group them into different clusters- and have then applied the ANP, its first phase, in order to design the decisional network. There is a gap in the literature when trying to identify and quantify to what extent the implementation of LP techniques affects to organisational performance. The ANP is an appropriate. The designed ANP-based network to measure the impact of LP over organisational performance is a novel approach. This paper justifies its usage and paves the way to implement the rest of the ANP phases in future research work. technique to do so due to the need of gathering and quantifying experts’ opinions.
[en] Full-text: From the mid-90s to the present, emphasis has been placed on the delivery of R&D results to target groups where aspects of commercialization and technology transfer are important. Projects that can be utilized by the community / community directly are indeed encouraged. Community projects in the early stages mostly started with high-tech input, they were then adapted to local conditions. This paper discusses the development of two innovative products namely chocolate products containing tongkat ali and ginseng extracts and Volvariella tea products, technology transfer of innovation products to the community through learning methods and acquiring skills through training and online sales and marketing training for new income generation efforts. Chocolate innovation products containing tongkat ali and ginseng extracts derived from roots grown in bioreactors were introduced to the community of 150 project participants comprising Puspanita members, wives from support groups and urban poor communities consisting of single mothers, housewives, the disabled (OKU) and low-income groups around the Klang Valley. Participants have undergone intensive practical training in series in the production of chocolate products as well as in online marketing at the Malaysian Nuclear Agency. Volvariella tea innovation product is a tea product that uses Volvariella volvacea mushroom and has been introduced to the community in Kampung Rembang Panas, Juasseh, Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan. A total of 25 participants consisting of the villagers were interested and underwent Volvariella volvacea mushroom cultivation training, volvariella tea production and online sales and marketing training. With this effort, the products introduced can be used by the community to generate revenue by means of bulk production and online sales and marketing. The new knowledge and skills acquired enable the community to move forward to develop the family economy and subsequently the emergence of entrepreneurs among them. (author)
[en] The following article describes steps along with a mathematical model to determine the technological capability of the aerospace industry of Mexicali in the area of design (ICTD) and manufacturing (ICTM). Design/methodology/approach: This model was performed by weighted variables using factor analysis to identify technological capacities of Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and compare them with those that must be accomplish to become suppliers for transnational industry (TNCs). Findings: The results suggest that SMEs must realize a comparative table QFD of their current capabilities and the requirements established by transnational corporations, to create a strategic plan that includes; certifications (AS 9000, NAP CAP, Belts, ISO, Six Sigma), software acquisition and updated equipment necessary for reducing the technological gap. Additionally, it is recommended the integration of clusters of enterprises SMEs for the strengthening of technological capacities. Originality/value: Up to we know, there is not similar model for measuring technological capabilities of aerospace industry.
[en] Taking a literature review as a point of departure, the main aim of this paper was the identification of the behavioural indicators of innovators at the workplace, and their classification. Design/methodology/approach: A literature review was addressed by means of a search in Elsevier’s Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar. By applying inclusive and exclusive criteria, references were obtained with the search protocol. After filtering and scanning, there was a selection of references plus other articles added by the snowball effect. The final phase undertaken was the classification of the main indicators raised in the publications selected. Our main contribution was the identification of the behavioural indicators of innovators at the workplace and their classification in five dimensions. Practical implications: This research may yield some light on the assessment of innovative workplace performance of individuals in organisations, as well as on the development of the innovative competence of students in academic institutions as a challenge to meet the needs of both professionals and Higher Education institutions. Some authors have studied the characteristics of innovative people mainly focusing on cognitive abilities, personality, motivation and knowledge. We have sought to offer a better understanding of the phenomenon of individual innovation in organisations, through the analysis of behavioural indicators, an issue that has not been studied from this perspective previously.
[en] The Non-Commercial Power Reactor (RDNK) that is planned to be built in the Puspiptek Serpong Area, will have an impact on the community around the area. To minimize social problems, it is necessary to apply social engineering using a community-based approach. Social engineering is done by providing information and increasing understanding of nuclear technology, RDNK development plan and its utilization to the public. The aim of this assessment is to form community groups through an appropriate approach to increase community acceptance by active involvement in dissemination activities. The methodology used is through literature review, active involvement from the community through interviews and group discussions with stakeholders, in several villages around the Serpong Puspiptek Area, then an analysis is conducted. The results showed that the interpersonal communication approach would increase public awareness of the importance of utilizing nuclear science and technology. There are positive changes from the community towards understanding nuclear science and technology before and after education. This understanding is understood by people with varying ages of 30-70 years, with most of the education being senior high school and above, and most having jobs outside the government. In this study also obtained community groups who are willing to be involved in dissemination activities that are scattered in 8 village, namely Setu, Muncul, Kademangan, Keranggan, Cibogo, Bakti Jaya, Pengasinan, and Pabuaran. (author)
[en] Despite all peaceful applications of nuclear technology, it is still addressed with prejudice. Prejudices may be explicit (conscious) or implicit (unconscious). However, either explicit or implicit, they interfere with individuals' behavior and attitudes. Prejudices against any theme may be reduced and even reversed by new learning on the theme. Multisensory techniques have proven to make learning richer and more motivating. This work aims to present the development of a multisensory program designed for learning about the beneficial applications of nuclear technology and compare this program to a 12-week traditional teaching program with lecture classes about the nuclear technology. The multisensory program was held at the Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN) for a group of teachers. Assisted tours to the IEA-R1 and to the Centro da Tecnologia das Radiacoes (CTR) as well as a coffee break serving a variety of commercially-available foods containing irradiated ingredients were part of the multisensory approach. The Implicit Association Test (IAT) was administered before and after the program to identify and measure the implicit associations towards the nuclear technology. This multisensory program was compared to a 12-week traditional teaching program with lecture classes about the nuclear technology held at IPEN. Unlike the multisensory program, the IAT results from the traditional program demonstrated that the lecture classes were not effective for changing the implicit associations. The multisensory program was an effective tool for changing the implicit associations and can be useful for disseminating the beneficial applications of the nuclear technology. (author)