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[en] Through this article we show an approach on didactic potentialities of Imaginary Experiences (E.I.s) in the teaching of Physics and Radiological Quantities. Such methodology is very useful so that difficult phenomena of an understanding, in conditions of classroom or physical laboratory, can be reached. And with this, by the example of four E.I.s, we deduce that the use of imaginary experiences as didactic reinforcement in the teaching-learning process here is evidence and opportune to the student's perception of the few or not palpable concepts. (author)
[en] The technology transfer is part of the innovation process and has the role of contributing to local and national economic development. Inserted within the scope of the National Innovation System, this study was made with the goal of presenting how the technology transfer is being made in the CDTN. Based on a survey carried out by the NIT-CDTN of the technologies developed in the institution, a portfolio of key information about them was made with the main objective of evaluating those technologies, using the degree of maturity and economic interest to classify them. CDTN technologies have a reasonable potential for generating value, yet they need technological maturity to achieve the transfer to the market. The study carried out by NIT-CDTN shows that CDTN already has a good set of tools to promote high quality technological innovation. The TRL (Technology Readiness Level) scale was used to evaluate the maturity level of technologies with higher transfer potential. To ensure the success of the transfer, it is necessary to consolidate the methodology to include key aspects such as valuation, market research and adaptation of existing methodologies according to the need of the institution and the market. To conclude, it is perceived that the ideal would be to invest in the most promising technologies to have a breakthrough for the pilot scale. (author)
[en] The chapter presents the structure and performance of the Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission - CNEN, that was created in 1956, with the aim of developing the national nuclear energy policy. The institution is today the highest body for planning, guidance, supervision and inspection of the Brazilian nuclear sector, and it is up to it to establish rules and regulations in radioprotection and regulate, license and supervise the production and use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes in the country. It is also among its attributions the development of teaching and research activities, acting in partnership with other related nuclear institutions
[en] Key Messages: • Many countries face challenges in accelerating the low carbon energy transition in the context of SDGs and the Paris Agreement, including complex issues related to technology transfer, financial mechanisms, capacity building and infrastructure establishment; • While in many countries deployment of low carbon technology is conducted through commercial private sector arrangements, there is nonetheless a crucial role for international cooperation and partnerships at various level with different approaches to ensure long term sustainable outcomes; • The IAEA continues to cooperate with a wide and expanding range of partners to contribute to this effort in an efficient and effective manner.
[en] This work presents a study based on patent filings as a resource for identifying technologies aimed at the field of radiation dosimetry for a view of the state of the technique. It aimed to make an analysis of patent portfolios to outline an application scenario for the knowledge developed in the area. It was performed through consultation using the Questel Orbit search and analysis system having the word “dosimetry” and its similar as a descriptor, due to semantic similarity. The results are discussed regarding the main deposits, depositors, time evolution, technological segments and geographic coverage for the 1999-2019 years. (author)
[en] After an indication of the numerous previous UE CFSP (Common Foreign and Security Policy) decisions concerning Iran since 2010, this document proposes an updated version of restrictive measures which aim at struggling against Iran nuclear proliferation. These measures concern exports and imports, the financing of some companies, the financial support to commercial trades and the building of oil tankers, the financial sector, the transport sector, entries and transit through Iran, the freezing of funds and economic resources, and some various aspects. For each of these aspects and sectors, the document contains previous modifications and the latest ones
[en] The mission of the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) is to regulate the use of nuclear energy and materials to protect health, safety, security and the environment; to implement Canada's international commitments on the peaceful use of nuclear energy; and to disseminate objective scientific, technical and regulatory information to the public. William D. Magwood IV, Director-General of the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), sat down with Rumina Velshi, President and Chief Executive Officer of the CNSC, on 17 January 2020. Ms Velshi has extensive experience in the energy sector, including its technical, regulatory and adjudicatory aspects. She visited the NEA to attend briefings on key programs and activities and to have an open discussion on issues related to leadership in today's nuclear energy sector. In a wide-ranging discussion, she shared her perspectives as a leader in nuclear safety, her long-standing involvement in nuclear energy regulation and her activities promoting careers in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). The conversation covered the important aspects of leadership, current issues affecting an organisation that promotes nuclear safety, preparation for future nuclear energy technologies and the achievement of a better gender balance in the workforce. Before their conversation, President Velshi spoke candidly to the NEA staff assembled and outlined her thoughts as a leader. She talked about how she is focusing on preparing for the coming events that will shape the future of nuclear power and how regulators must remain prepared for change. She also shared her views on the enthusiasm we are seeing for the future of small modular reactors (SMRs) and how Canada has developed a very comprehensive roadmap for their deployment. She also highlighted how openness to new technologies will support the global effort to reduce carbon emissions and how important it is for regulators to build and maintain public trust. She ended her remarks by sharing her focus on the three areas for improvement in diversifying the workforce: - building confidence among women; - addressing systematic bias in hiring and promotions; - turning apathy among men in the workforce into advocacy for gender balance. Her presentation set the stage for her conversation with NEA DG Magwood, in which the two leaders explored perspectives in leadership in the nuclear energy sector
[en] The French atomic and alternative energies commission (CEA) is working on the development of bio-fuels of third generation from microalgae. Even if progress has been achieved, there is still a long path before commercialization. These bio-fuels are not unanimously agreed in particular because they require lot of energy for their production and remain costly
[en] Argentina has a vast experience in the subject that brings us together, and particularly CNEA has played a central role in the development of these relevant capabilities. Moreover, our national nuclear industry was born around the activities carried out by the CNEA at the beginning of the 50's, and all along these decades, the scientific and production working groups around the research reactors became a central axis of its growth. This allow us to position ourselves as an undisputed reference in this field, which is reflected in the amount of papers and posters presented by Argentinian colleagues. It is good to know that today we have here representatives of several countries that have relied on my country´s experience and its nuclear organizations such as CNEA and INVAP, to export strategic nuclear facilities including, particularly, research reactors. In this sense, it must be highlighted the role of CNEA in the field of research reactors, underlining that during this process it has exhibited an unquestionable commitment to the peaceful development of the associated technology, as indicated by the development and manufacture of targets of low enrichment uranium for the production of Mo-99 for nuclear medicine. That reinforces our commitment with the development of nuclear technology for peaceful uses, complemented with an active international cooperation role. The core conversion (from HEU to LEU) of the Argentinian research reactors in operation was concluded, as well as the exportation and technology transfer of those developments, highlighting the exports made by INVAP with CNEA's support for countries such as Algeria, Egypt or Australia. Currently, Argentina is engaged in diverse projects that will allow an international projection and collaboration in the near future. An example of that is the RA-10, a multipurpose research reactor that CNEA is building at the Ezeiza Atomic Center. In Argentina, as in the rest of the 53 countries operating the 224 nuclear research reactors, the safe operation of these facilities is a fundamental tool for capacitybuilding. The development of new experiences and knowledge, both in terms of human resources training and in the multiple peaceful applications of the nuclear technology, are also key factors for the operation of research reactors.