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[en] In this paper, we aimed to study the effect of doping of the compound CdTe with the cobalt impurity (Co), as well as the vacancy defects in Cd sites. On one hand, this leads to the investigation of the magnetic properties and the Faraday rotation effect for the studied alloy, doped with different concentrations of cobalt (0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2, 0.25). On the other hand, we have created 0.01 of vacancy defects in Cd sites. Then, we raised the vacancy defect concentration to 0.05, keeping the same concentrations of cobalt. As a result, we have investigated that there is a magnetism appearing with the cobalt doping, while the vacancy defects in Cd sites affect the stability of the magnetic states. In general, it improves the ferromagnetic state that will be well explained in the discussion. Our calculations were performed using the KKR-CPA method within the spin-polarized density functional theory (DFT) with the local density approximation (LDA). The curves of the density of states (DOS) illustrate the results of this study which has been discussed, analyzed, and explained below. In addition, the energy of each case was calculated and given in the tables below for both the DLM (half of the cobalt spins are up while the other half are down) and the ferromagnetic state in order to confirm which one of them is stable.
[en] The kinetics of the semi-infinite Ising model in the presence of a time-dependent oscillating external field is studied within the framework of the mean-field approach. We use the Glauber-type stochastic dynamics to describe the evolution time of this system. We present a variety of phase in a semi-infinite cubic ferromagnet with spin-1 in two different, planes; phase diagrams contain (BF, S 1P, SP) phase, (BF, S 1F, SP) phase, completely ordered phase (BF, S 1F, SF) and completely disordered phase (BP, S 1P, SP), which strongly depend on interaction parameters. The nature first and second orders of the transitions is characterized by studying the thermal behaviors of the dynamic magnetizations. Furthermore, the system exhibits dynamical tricritical phenomenon and the reentrant behaviors. The magnetizations and phase space trajectories are given and discussed.
[en] The effects of two different single-ion anisotropies on the magnetization of the mixed (7/2, 5/2) Ising ferrimagnetic system on a square lattice are investigated by the use of Monte Carlo simulation. The ground-state phase diagram is obtained. Compensation points are detected for certain values of the crystal fields. Different types of magnetization curves are available.
[en] Using Monte Carlo simulations, magnetic properties of the ferromagnetic nanoparticles of Ising spin-1 are investigated in the framework of the Ising model. The system is considered to have a Rubik’s cube structure composed of nanocubes having an equivalent exchange coupling, while, between adjacent nanocubes, the exchange coupling is assumed to vary. Both size effects and system parameters’ influence on phase diagrams of the nanosystem are studied. Thus, the magnetic properties of the system such as the critical temperature, the magnetization, and the coercive field are computed.
[en] We use standard Monte Carlo simulations based on the Metropolis algorithm and mean-field calculations to investigate the magnetic properties of an Ising bilayer film consisting of two superposed ferromagnetic squared lattices A and B whose magnetic atoms have spin 7/2 and 5/2 respectively. Crystal-field and external magnetic field effects on the spins are considered in the model. The magnetic order parameters and response functions are calculated as functions of the temperature for selected values of the model parameters and this enables one to devise thermal phase diagrams by both methods. Our calculations only reveal second-order phase boundaries. Under appropriate conditions, compensation point phenomena are detected in the calculations below the critical temperatures. When the system is exposed to the external magnetic constraint, attracting hysteresis phenomena are sometimes generated. The temperature dependence of the coercitive field for various values of the crystal-field is singled out.
[en] Magnetocaloric effect on SrFe12O19 ceramic have been studied using Monte Carlo simulation. The thermal magnetization, dM/dT, magnetic entropy, and the specific heat of SrFe12O19 ceramic are obtained for several magnetic fields. The temperatures dependence of the magnetic entropy and of the adiabatic temperature for a several magnetic field have been obtained. The field dependence of relative cooling power (RCP) of SrFe12O19 ceramic has been determined for a several magnetic fields. The magnetic hysteresis cycle of SrFe12O19 ceramic has been obtained for a several temperatures. The obtained values are close to the experimental values. The transition paramagnetic to ferromagnetic is found at the Curie temperature. The second phase transition is also obtained around the Curie temperature.
[en] In this paper, we used the ab-initio calculations, based on the Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker (KKR) method combined with the coherent potential approximation (CPA), to simulate the magnetic properties of ZnO, doped and co-doped with manganese and carbon, respectively. For this purpose, we have used two different approximations: the Local Density Approximation (LDA) and the Local Density Approximation-Self-Interaction Correction (LDA-SIC). Numerical results are presented for the compound Zn1 − 0.06Mn0.06O1−xCx when doping and co-doping is performed with Mn and C as doping elements. Total and partial DOSs are given for different concentrations using the two approximations, LDA and LDA-SIC. It is found that for 6% with doping by Mn the system becomes magnetic. The co-doping with carbon changes the behavior of the system : it becomes also magnetic for 4, 6 and 10% concentrations within both, LDA and LDA-SIC approximations. Furthermore, we have discussed the type of mechanism of exchange interaction and found that the double exchange is responsible for the appearing magnetism in the system, within the LDA and p-d interaction for LDA-SIC approximation. For 10% of carbon, we have found that the critical temperature approaches 280 K in the LDA approximation solely; and is about 305 K in the LDA-SIC approximation.
[en] The ferrimagnetic systems have been extensively investigated because of their fascinating properties. In this paper, the mixed spin-7/2 and spin-3 Ising system with periodic boundary conditions on a square lattice has been studied using the Monte Carlo simulation within the Metropolis algorithm; the Hamiltonian of the system includes the interaction between the first nearest neighbors and the crystal fields Δ7/2 and Δ3 generated by the spin-7/2 and spin-3, respectively. The ground-state phase diagram of the system has been established. On the other hand, the impact of the single-ion anisotropies on the compensation temperature has been shown. Several topologies of the total magnetization have been found for this system.
[en] By means of the Monte Carlo method, we have simulated the mixed-spin-1/2 and spin-2 Ising ferrimagnetic system on a honeycomb lattice. We studied the variations of the magnetization as functions of the crystal field and the temperature and obtained the phase diagram of the system for various crystal field values. We have found that the system cannot display a point of compensation if we consider only nearest-neighbor interactions and the crystal field effect. Also, the tricritical point does not exist. To the best of our knowledge, this system has never been studied using the Monte Carlo method.
[en] The structural and electronic properties of the monolayer and bilayer stanene structures have been studied using first-principles calculations. For the monolayer, the buckled structure is more stable than the flat one, with an opening of the band gap when spin-orbit coupling is taken into account, as mentioned in recent studies. For the bilayer, three types of stacking are considered: parallel layers, anti-parallel layers, and parallel layers where the first layer is shifted from the second one. These three configurations are named AA1, AA2, and AB, respectively. The two layers are separated by the distance d. The interactions between two layers of stanene are strong for a short distance, while the van der Waals bonding appears for a longer distance. Furthermore, stanene was fabricated experimentally on a substrate; thus, we proposed another study of electronic properties of stanene deposited on Ge(111) to reveal other behavior as a topological insulator and show the existence of the quantum spin Hall effect.