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[en] This paper examines the feasibility of detecting strontium 90 in groundwater directly with photodiodes and considers the physical parameters which maximise radiation absorption within the detector. Geant4 simulations were used to draw comparisons between silicon, gallium arsenide and cadmium telluride detectors of varying surface area and thickness. Detectors were compared in their ability to absorb point and scattered sources of radiation. The results indicate that a detector, of 10 mm2 surface area, and 1 mm thickness offered the highest detection efficiency in a contaminated groundwater simulation. 1 mm thick and 100 mm2 detectors cadmium telluride and gallium arsenide detectors were modelled in a groundwater borehole scenario. Each material offered similar detection efficiency, but the greater backscattering effect in cadmium telluride resulted in a greater peak at lower energies compared to that observed in gallium arsenide.