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[en] Quantum entanglement provides a contemporary secure channel for information communication, and the entanglement swapping builds newly entanglement on the previous isolate particles without direct interaction. In the paper, a novel-layered quantum communication path protocol cross multiple participants based on entanglement swapping is proposed, in which the communication path from sender to receiver across multiple intermediate nodes is constructed, and the constructed quantum channel is served for the information exchange. The present protocol can transmit message from sender to receiver via entanglement swapping. The presented protocol is useful for long-distance quantum information communication, significant to quantum network design and plan.
[en] Magnetic polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) based on chitosan and sodium ligninsulfonate as the support to stabilize Fe/Pd bimetallic particles (mPEC-Fe/Pd) were synthesized for the degradation and decolorization of organic pollutants in aqueous solution. The morphologies and structures of the as-obtained composites were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Various factors potentially influencing the decolorization performance of methyl blue (MB) and malachite green (MG) from aqueous solution (i.e., mPEC-Fe/Pd dosage, solution pH, initial dye concentration and reaction temperature) were investigated. mPEC-Fe/Pd exhibited higher catalytic activity towards the removal of MB and MG, which involved both adsorption of dye molecules on mPEC surface and reduction reaction by Fe/Pd particles. Nearly 99% and 91% of MB and MG were removed at initial dye concentration of 100 mg l−1 with 1.0 g l−1 of mPEC-Fe/Pd, respectively. The decolorization efficiency of MB and MG increased with the increase of solution pH and mPEC-Fe/Pd dosage but decreased with the increase of initial dye concentrations. mPEC-Fe/Pd could be recycled effectively, and the removal percentage of MB reached as high as 83.5% even at the eighth reuse. Furthermore, the catalytic performances were further investigated to remove other organic pollutants, in which 92.4% of oxytetracycline, 85.1% of Tetrabromobisphenol A, and 34.7% of norfloxacin were removed at 50 mg l−1 of aqueous solution using 1.0 g l−1 of mPEC-Fe/Pd. Due to high removal efficiency, rapid reaction rate, easy separation and good reusability, mPEC-Fe/Pd had the potential to become an environmental remediation material for the treatment of wastewater containing organic compounds. (paper)
[en] On the basis of data obtained from China Earthquake Administration and China National Statistics Bureau, this paper focuses on the earthquake disaster loss characteristics in 31 provinces or municipalities of China from 1993 to 2016. The trends of direct economic losses, casualties and affected population are also analyzed by constructing two relative earthquake loss indexes (losses/GDP and losses/E) and employing gray correlation theory. Results show that during the 24 years, without taking Wenchuan Ms8.0 earthquake into account, the direct economic losses exhibit a significant increasing trend while losses/GDP also increases but is not significant. Meanwhile, the injuries and affected population both witness a decline trend but the fatalities show the opposite. According to the correlational degree of each year, 8 years (1995, 1996, 1998, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2013 and 2014) suffered losses of equal or above moderate grade. Regionally, the western China suffered the most accumulative direct economic losses and losses/GDP. However, the ranking results of losses/E demonstrate that the central China is the most vulnerable when confronting with the same earthquake. Specifically, Sichuan and Yunnan suffered losses of extra-large grade, Qinghai of large grade and Tibet, Xinjiang and Guangdong of moderate grade. These discoveries are helpful for earthquake mitigation and preparedness as well as earthquake loss evaluation in China.
[en] A series of carbon nanotube (CNTs)-supported copper-cobalt catalysts were prepared and investigated in a slurry reactor for their ability to selectively convert syngas into higher carbon number alcohols. The 7.5Cu7.5Co/CNTs catalyst achieved superior selectivity towards the formation of ethanol (30.1%) and C2+ alcohols (57.7%), while the 10Co5Cu/CNTs catalyst exhibited the largest alcohol space-time yield (372.9 mg gcat-1 h-1). However, the pure Cu (15Cu/CNTs) catalyst displayed negligible activity. Cobalt reduction was enhanced in the presence of copper. In addition to the Cu0-Co0 center, Co0 -Co2+ also presented dual active sites for higher alcohols synthesis, the Co2+ site could terminate carbon chain growth to produce alcohols. The ratio of Cu/Co considerably influences the metal particle properties-synergistically effecting the active species. (author)
[en] Highlights: •Bi2O3/TiO2 NTAs was fabricated through electrodeposition process. •Bi2O3/TiO2 NTAs performed strong light absorbance and high charge separation. •Bi2O3/TiO2 NTAs exhibited high PC activity for degradation of 4-CP. •The enhanced visible PC mechanism of Bi2O3/TiO2 NTAs was proposed. •Bi2O3/TiO2 NTAs displayed good reusability and stability. -- Abstract: In order to improve the photocatalytic (PC) performance of TiO2 nano-material, TiO2 nanotube arrays (NTAs) was fabricated by anodization. Subsequently, Bi2O3 nano-particles were successfully deposited onto the surface of TiO2 NTAs through galvanostatic electrodeposition strategy. Afterwards, series of characterizations including scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-vis DRS) and photoelectrochemical (PECH) measurements were applied to clarify physicochemical properties of the as-fabricated Bi2O3/TiO2 NTAs photoelectrode. All results indicated that the light absorbance and photoinduced charge separation efficiency of Bi2O3/TiO2 NTAs photoelectrode were significantly improved. As expected, Bi2O3/TiO2 NTAs photoelectrode displayed higher PC efficiency for degradation of 4-chlorphenol (4-CP) aqueous solution than that of pristine TiO2 NTAs. Besides these, the enhanced visible light PC mechanism was proposed. Furthermore, Bi2O3/TiO2 NTAs photoelectrode performed good reusability and stability even after six recycle utilization.
[en] MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have a great effect on regulating tumor cell migration, invasion, proliferation and prognosis. However, the mechanism of miR-1236-3p on regulating carcinogenesis is still unknown. In this study, the expression of miR-1236-3p was lower in lung adenocarcinoma tissues than that in adjacent normal tissue. In lung adenocarcinoma A549 cell line, miR-1236-3p decreased ability of cell invasion and migration, furthermore, we show that KLF8 is targeted by miR-1236-3p, and expression of miR-1236-3p is negatively correlated with KLF8. Additionally, miR-1236-3p suppressed the expression of KLF8 and EMT (epithelial mesenchymal transition)-related genes. Overexpression of KLF8 can promote EMT-related genes at protein level. In conclusion, our results support the fact that miR-1236-3p acts as a tumor inhibitor in lung adenocarcinoma by suppressing the activity of KLF8, and it may play a critical role in the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer.
[en] Nanostructured ZnO–Co and ZnO films with Pt, Cu, and Co as top electrodes, and Pt as bottom electrodes were grown by magnetron sputtering. Both ZnO–Co and ZnO films show bipolar resistive switching characteristics. The resistive switching properties of ZnO films are strongly dependent on the top electrode materials. The effect of top electrodes on resistive switching of ZnO–Co films is weakened due to the dominant roles of Co particles in the films. It is different with ZnO films that the ZnO–Co film shows a forming-free process. The calculation from the classical electromagnetism theory indicates that the existence of Co nanoparticles in the ZnO switching matrix can enhance the local electrical field to some extent, and decrease the operating voltages. So the device with a ZnO–Co film as a switching matrix can significantly reduce power consumption, weaken the dependence of the electrode materials, and optimize the resistive switching performance. (paper)
[en] Circulating lncRNAs have been defined as a novel biomarker for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), MALAT-1 was first identified lncRNA that was related to lung cancer metastasis. However, the relationship between exosomal lncRNAs and the diagnosis and prognosis of NSCLC was poorly understood. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical significance of serum exosomal MALAT-1 as a biomarker in the metastasis of NSCLC. In this study, we firstly isolated the exosomes from healthy subjects and NSCLC patients. Then we measured the expression levels of MALAT-1 contained in exosomes, and found that exosomal MALAT-1 was highly expressed in NSCLC patients, more importantly, the levels of exosomal MALAT-1 were positively associated with tumor stage and lymphatic metastasis. In addition, we decreased MALAT-1 expression by short hairpin RNA and conducted a series of assays including MTT, cell cycle, colony formation, wound-healing scratch and Annexin/V PI by flow cytometry in human lung cancer cell lines. These in vitro studies demonstrated that serum exosome-derived long noncoding RNA MALAT-1 promoted the tumor growth and migration, and prevented tumor cells from apoptosis in lung cancer cell lines. Taken together, this study shed a light on utilizing MALAT-1 in exosomes as a non-invasive serum-based tumor biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis of NSCLC. - Highlights: • serum MALAT-1 contained in exosomes is upregulated in NSCLC patients. • Exosomal MALAT-1 was positively associated with TNM stage and lymphatic node metastasis. • MALAT-1 knockdown inhibited cell proliferation, colony formation and cell migration. • MALAT-1 knockdown induced cell cycle arrest and cell apoptosis.
[en] We introduce a new kind of random stationary, scalar beam named Laguerre-cosine-Gaussian correlated Schell-model (LcGCSM) beam whose spectral degree of coherence (SDOC) is a Gaussian function modulated by both non-conventional Laguerre- and cosine-type factors. The analytical expressions for the cross-spectral density of a LcGCSM beam propagating through a paraxial ABCD optical system are derived. The intensity distributions of such beams focused through a thin lens are illustrated numerically. It is found that a LcGCSM beam exhibits self-splitting and self-shaping properties during propagation, evolving into multiple optical cages near the focal region. By directly modulating the spatial structure of the SDOC in the source plane, the characteristics of the optical cages derived from the proposed LcGCSM beams can be adjusted flexibly. Moreover, we demonstrate that these nontrivial focusing properties of a LcGCSM beam can be well elucidated with the combination effect of individual merits associated with each non-conventional SDOC component of the entire SDOC. Therefore, our results provide a new route for generating and controlling multiple optical cages, and will be useful for trapping multiple particles, guiding multiple atoms and optical communications. (paper)
[en] In this study, we examined the sorption and desorption behavior of U(VI) on/from a Chinese bentonite in the solid-liquid system using batch experiments, and the influence of pH, ionic strength and humic acid (HA) on the sorption-desorption hysteresis in the solid-liquid system were quantitatively calculated. It was revealed that the hysteresis was enhanced with increasing pH and increasing ionic strength. HA promoted the sorption, but lower the sorption-desorption hysteresis. Meanwhile, hysteresis in ternary bentonite-HA-U system was found to be higher than that in bentonite-U-HA system, indicating different sorption structures formed because of different addition sequence. (author)