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[en] A series of Zn1-xCoxO thin films with the atomic fraction, x, in the range of 0.03-0.10 were deposited on glass substrates at room temperature by magnetron co-sputtering technique and subsequently coupled with the post-annealing treatment for half hour at different temperatures (350 deg. C and 500 deg. C) under vacuum. A systematic study was done on the structural, optical and magnetic properties of Zn1-xCoxO thin films as a function of Co concentration and annealing temperature. X-ray diffraction and UV-vis spectroscopy results indicated that there are not any secondary phases and Co2+ substituted for Zn2+ of ZnO host. Magnetic hysteresis loops were observed at room temperature, indicating that both the as-deposited samples and the annealed ones exhibit the room temperature ferromagnetism. It was also found that the magnetic saturation moment per Co atom decreases with increasing Co concentration, while the post-annealing treatment can enhance the magnetic moment of the films effectively
[en] Fe xPt100-x(30 nm) and [Fe xPt100-x(3 nm)/ZrO2]10 (x = 37, 48, 57, 63, 69) films with different ZrO2 content were prepared by RF magnetron sputtering technique, then were annealed at 550 deg. C for 30 min. This work investigates the effect of ZrO2 doping on the microstructural evolution, magnetic properties, grain size, as well as the ordering kinetics of FePt alloy films. The as-deposited films behaved a disordered state, and the ordered L10 structure was obtained by post-annealing. The magnetic properties of the films are changed from soft magnetism to hard magnetism after annealing. The variation of the largest coercivities of [Fe xPt100-x/ZrO2]10 films with the Fe atomic percentage, x and differing amounts of ZrO2 content reveals that as we increase the ZrO2 content we must correspondingly increase the amount of Fe. This phenomenon suggests that the Zr or O atoms of ZrO2 preferentially react with the Fe atoms of FePt alloy to form compounds. In addition, introducing the nonmagnetic ZrO2 can reduce the intergrain exchange interactions of the FePt/ZrO2 films, and the interactions are decreased as the ZrO2 content increases, the dipole interactions are observed in FePt/ZrO2 films as the ZrO2 content is more than 15%
[en] Highlights: • SA@CoFe_2O_4-PDA with magnetic particles and biopolymers were used for dye removal. • SA@CoFe_2O_4-PDA exhibited the synergistic effect. • High adsorption capacities and fast kinetics were obtained. • Cationic dyes could be removed with high efficiency in a wide pH range. • Possible mechanism of adsorption was investigated. - Abstract: A simple and efficient method for production of magnetic composites by decorating CoFe_2O_4 with polydopamine (PDA) through oxidative polymerization of dopamine was conducted. Further, magnetic alginate beads with porous structure containing well-dispersed CoFe_2O_4-PDA were fabricated by ionic crosslinking technology. The resulting SA@CoFe_2O_4-PDA beads were characterized using scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, X-ray diffractometer, vibrating sample magnetometer and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Adsorption potential of SA@CoFe_2O_4-PDA beads for organic dyes including Methylene Blue (MB), Crystal Violet (CV) and Malachite Green (MG) was evaluated. SA@CoFe_2O_4-PDA beads exhibited excellent adsorption performances due to the composite effect, large surface area and porous structure. Organic dyes could be removed from water solution with high efficiency in a wide pH range of 4.0–9.0. Moreover, it exhibited much higher adsorptivity towards MB and CV with the maximum adsorption capacities of 466.60 and 456.52 mg/g, respectively, which were much higher than that of MG (248.78 mg/g). Ca-electrolyte had obvious adverse effects on MB and CV adsorption than MG. FTIR and XPS demonstrated that carboxylate, catechol, hydroxyl and amine groups might be involved in adsorption of organic dyes. The characteristics of wide pH range, high adsorption capacity and convenient magnetic separation would make SA@CoFe_2O_4-PDA beads as effective adsorbent for removal of organic dyes from wastewater.