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[en] We discuss the fundamental transparent conducting properties of halogens doped SnO2 rutile systems include the structural, electronic structure, optical and electrical properties. Within this study, we employ the first-principles calculation of the full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method based on the density function theory and semiclassical Boltzmann equations. It is found that the halogens substitutional doping cause an expansion of SnO2 lattice constants and low thermodynamic perturbation. The dopants act as shallow donors by creating impurity states at the bottom of the conduction band that lead to blue-shift in the optical transparency. Moreover, the electrical conductivity of SnO2 Rutile is significantly improving by halogens doping. In fact, these results could stimulate the future experimental works for elaborating new generations of the transparent conducting oxides in an optimal way.
[en] The kinetics of the semi-infinite Ising model in the presence of a time-dependent oscillating external field is studied within the framework of the mean-field approach. We use the Glauber-type stochastic dynamics to describe the evolution time of this system. We present a variety of phase in a semi-infinite cubic ferromagnet with spin-1 in two different, planes; phase diagrams contain (BF, S 1P, SP) phase, (BF, S 1F, SP) phase, completely ordered phase (BF, S 1F, SF) and completely disordered phase (BP, S 1P, SP), which strongly depend on interaction parameters. The nature first and second orders of the transitions is characterized by studying the thermal behaviors of the dynamic magnetizations. Furthermore, the system exhibits dynamical tricritical phenomenon and the reentrant behaviors. The magnetizations and phase space trajectories are given and discussed.