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[en] Nuclear energy is poised to play a vital role in a U.S. pathway to decarbonize its energy sector. The ability of nuclear plants to provide large-scale, carbon-free energy at allow hours of the day makes it a vital complement to intermittent sources of non-emitting generation such as wind and solar power. For nuclear energy to fulfil this promise, however, these attributes will need to be valued in the marketplace. Without polices that provide this financial recognition of nuclear’s positive attributes, the economic pressures that have led to plant closures will continue and the challenge of decarbonization will become more daunting.
[en] Climate changes are the most important environmental challenges issue facing the world nowadays. The important potential contribution of nuclear power to the mitigation of the emission of greenhouse gases and climate changes is and will remain limited and negligible in the foreseeable future. This research investigates the climate changes and the impact of nuclear power generation on climate changes and greenhouse gas emissions. Nuclear power can contribute to mitigating climate changes and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. (author)
[en] There is interest in nuclear power among Emerging Nuclear Energy Countries but concerns are holding them back: • Post Fukushima, about 50 new nuclear power reactors are under construction in fifteen countries. Only three countries (Bangladesh, Belarus and UAE) among them are a new entrant to the use of nuclear power. • According to World Nuclear Association report on “Emerging Nuclear Energy Countries” (updated January 2019), about 30 countries are considering, planning or starting nuclear power programmes. • While there are a large number of emerging economy countries with growing energy needs, their adopting nuclear power option to combat climate change risks would depend on their concerns related to nuclear power being addressed adequately.
[en] Key messages: 1. To achieve 2°C and 1.5°C, leading global energy scenario studies show: • Increased nuclear power deployment (and electrification); • Complementary role for nuclear and renewables. 2. Compared to current trends, more conducive market and policy conditions are needed to unlock nuclear power’s mitigation potential.
[en] Conclusion: Ghana’s electricity generation mix developed along line its ambition to attain a high income status in fulfillment of the socio-economic aspirations of its people. The assessment considers the influence of the future electricity generation on greenhouse gas emission. The results indicate that nuclear power can play a key role in greenhouse gas emission mitigation, due to the dominant role it is expected play in the electricity generation mix. The low contribution of renewable sources is due to limitation in their resource availability in Ghana particularly in the case of hydro, wind and biomass. Even though solar is abundant by virtue of Ghana’s geographical location, the unavailability of cost effective energy storage system in the foreseeable future imposed limitations on its wide spread use. The Introduction of nuclear power in Ghana is confronted by a major challenge which is financing. The high capital cost of NPPs makes it currently difficult for government to finance them calling for arrange with vendor countries through build operate and transfer arrangement, public private partnership (PPP), etc. In addition, some decision makers and some members of the general public have concerns about nuclear safety, particularly in the case where Ghana is a developing country. This therefore calls for public education to allay their fears and negative perception about the technology.
[en] Conclusion of the SFEN: French nuclear fleet is a key factor for achieving French but also European decarbonization. New Nuclear is competitive (with adequate political involvement). Time schedule visibility from the industry will be a key factor of success. By far, the best decision appears to build a first pair of reactors for a 1st production around 2030. This pair would be part of a larger programme (8-10 reactors or more). For the commissioning of these first reactors, in full compliance with the target 2035, the decision should be taken by 2021 at the latest.
[en] Conclusions: MMRs and SMRs are ideal in size to electrify many rural/under-electrified communities. Energy security - Reduced dependence on supply chains; Energy sustainability – Reduced GHG emissions; - Energy growth – provision of reliable, high-quantity electricity.
[en] Conclusions and Recommendations: • Focus on the benefits (especially energy security); • Educate on life cycle emissions and clean air benefits; • But education doesn’t change personal world views… ;• Not just about messaging, need to actively change how technology is deployed and industry culture.
[en] At the Paris Conference on Climate Change, the world community set itself the most important task – to prevent the annual increase in average air temperature by more than 1.5 ºC since otherwise our planet will be on the verge of a global catastrophe. The key mechanism for accomplishing this task is the development of environmentally friendly energy sources, to which the UN includes both the renewable energy sources, such as wind or sunlight, and nuclear energy. In view of this, the international experts stress that nuclear power should play a major role in solving climate problems and protecting the environment.
[en] Energy sector as a lever for Sustainable Development - Goals: Create competition in generation and commercialization through the creation of the Wholesale Electricity Market. Promote private investment in transmission and distribution through contracts with the Government. Speed up the energy transition towards a low carbon economy: improving the use of clean energies and more energy efficiency. Democratize access to energy.