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[en] Pakistan is low on energy resources. Nuclear power provides an excellent option –an option which has also been successfully demonstrated. But, the increasingly high capital cost of nuclear will be the main hurdle towards meeting the desired targets. At the global level also, the high capital cost and the lack of public acceptance have a strong negative impact on the growth of nuclear.
[en] The large increase in renewable-based energy generation and the newly installed nuclear units are promising steps towards a low-carbon economy in Hungary in the next decade. Nevertheless, the balancing of daily and seasonal demand profiles and the electricity supply from intermittent sources could pose a substantial challenge to the power system. In our study we demonstrate how the frequency of energy supply and demand coincidence is improved by different tools increasing network flexibility. (author)
[en] In 2017, Korea was the biggest energy consumer in the world, with about 94% of its total energy supply having to be imported from abroad. Moreover, its energy intensity, measured tons of oil equivalent (TOE) per 1,000 US dollar GDP, was 0.22, approximately three times that of Japan (0.07) and more than twice that of the OECD average (0.10), which means that Korea consumes about three times more energy than Japan to produce the same product. Korea’s total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have increased greatly from 293 million tons of CO2 to 694 million tons of CO2 from 1990 to 2016. In addition, Korea has the highest annual growth rate of GHG emissions between 1990 and 2010 among the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. Mosteller (2016) at Data-Dirven Lab in Yale reported that: “More than half of South Korea’s citizens regularly breathe dangerously polluted air, producing serious health effects for the highly urbanized nation. In 2013, more than 20,000 premature deaths were blamed on the country’s foul air. On a typical day, 25 million South Koreans inhale an unsafe amount of microscopic particles of various sizes (PM2.5, PM10 and others).” Korean government is pursuing a revolutionary energy transition policy. The most distinctive change is the shift from both minimizing cost and securing power supply to policies that consider safety and the environment simultaneously in the future electric system expansion planning (ESEP). The loading or merit order of the operating power plant reflects this standpoint well. Such a shift in ESEP criteria is not only applying in settling in the national electric power and energy sector plans, but also aligning in national renewable energy plan and environmental policies.
[en] Science provides a clear and objective case that nuclear energy should be the primary replacement for carbon fuels and that “renewables” are not sufficient. A viable energy source needs to be stable and to provide controllable energy, whenever and wherever required. The science of energy is well established, and it places available sources in three clear categories widely separated in potency: pre-industrial, chemical, and nuclear. There have been three corresponding critical turning points in human history: the adoption of pre-industrial sources, the Industrial Revolution, and today, the need to go carbon-free. At this point excluding fossil fuels and reverting to the pre-industrial energy regime is not an option that is compatible with social and economic stability – “renewables are not a viable main primary source of energy. The only option is nuclear with its million-fold superiority in energy density, inherent physical control and natural biological radiation safety: the scientific reasons for each of these are given. However, the public are largely unaware of these. Indeed, in the past the truth has often been misrepresented for political reasons. Today to establish the dominant use of nuclear energy the greatest challenge is educational, to provide a proper positive image of nuclear science in schools and the media, and to overturn much of the precautionary culture of the past 70 years. Global climate change is a far greater threat than nuclear energy ever was. (author)
Smart Grids - CRE. The files: The advanced meters, Electrical vehicles, The smart building, Economic models, Super grids, The integration of Renewable energies, Insular areas, NTICs, Smart cities, The consum'actor, Storage, Germany and smart grids, Smart gas grids, Smart public lighting and street furniture, Smart heat and cold networks, Smart water networks, Micro-grids, Data management, Bio-methane integration, Natural gas for vehicles (NGV), Demand flexibility, Japan, Energy efficiency, Connected objects, Hydrogen, R and D: a multi-faceted concept, Rail smart grid, Block-chain applied to energy
[en] 28 thematic files propose an overview of the present situation and of recent evolutions regarding technological, economic and legal aspects and experiments for the following domains related to smart grids: advanced meters, electrical vehicles, smart buildings, economic models, Super grids, the integration of renewable energies, insular areas, the new technologies of information and communication, smart cities, the consumer-actor, the situation of smart grids in Germany, the emergence of smart gas grids, smart public lighting and street furniture, smart heat and cold networks, smart water networks, micro-grids, data management, bio-methane integration into gas networks, natural gas for vehicles (NGV), the demand flexibility, energy efficiency, connected objects, hydrogen as an energy vector, the multi-faceted character of R and D, the rail smart grid, and the application of the block-chain concept to energy
[en] Whereas waste managers are looking for new ways to valorise their resources which are sometimes difficult to process, the emergence of pyro-gasification could be interesting for the development of projects. It offers a variety of technical solutions which can be adapted to local needs, but it still lacks public support and even a well suited regulation. These various solutions are briefly overviewed, and the energy valorization aspect is outlined
[en] This publication proposes the contributions to a congress on energy vectors for a decarbonized mobility. After introduction and opening speeches, the contributions addressed the following topics: the present context of mobility (consumptions, emissions and objectives; territorial and social stakes of mobility), new technologies at the service of mobility (introduction of the different energy vectors, focus on electric, hydrogen-based and bio-fuel-based vehicles as three important stakes of mobility), various energy vectors for various usages (life cycle analysis, the ambitions of GrDF in the deployment of NGV mobility in the PACA region, sustainable mobility at SAP), to accompany the change (policies in change management), and prospective at the heart of energy decisions
[en] A recent opinion poll shows that the most important topics for the French population are: poverty and precariousness (42%), purchase power (39%), health and quality of care (37%), environment (31%), and unemployment (30%). Nuclear power can answer all these priorities because of its reduced cost and its no-emission of greenhouse gases but in fact the assets of nuclear energy appear to be largely ignored by the public. Pro-nuclear people should insist on the positive effect of nuclear power on the preservation of the environment and particularly on climate warming which appears to be the future concern number one for all the segments of the population even if 30% of today's population deny the effect of humane activities on the climate. (A.C.)
[en] Cognitive-strategic capabilities of a country are decisive for overcoming the strong path dependence in climate-related policies and to achieve ecological and economic modernization. This is the result of a unique comparison approach focusing on four highly intertwined policy areas (Automobiles, Nuclear Energy, Renewables and Rare Earth) in Japan and Germany. Both countries have in principle sufficient economic, technological and institutional capacities for an ecological transformation, but they are lacking an integrated policy strategy to mobilize and organize the existing capacities in favor of structural changes. The focused four policy areas are analyzed in depth and compared by experts from political science.