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[en] As a result, the Nuclear Safety and Security Commission (NSSC) prepared a plan for improving the safety of nuclear facilities against a major earthquake, and implemented measures to improve the earthquake response system, to strengthen the seismic capacity of NPPs and to evaluate the seismic capacity. Based on the seismology survey results, KINS plans to reevaluate the seismic design criteria of NPPs. While these activities have been carried out based on individual administrative orders of the regulatory authority in a relatively short period of time since 2011, the Nuclear Safety Act was revised to provide an additional requirement to submit the Accident Management Plan (AMP) for the Operating License. Accordingly, treatment of the above improvements related to the accident management (AM) in a comprehensive and systematic manner has become necessary when the amended laws and regulations are implemented. Therefore, in this study, we examine the status of the Post-Fukushima actions following the administrative orders of the regulatory body and self-imposed by the licensee by searching mainly the Nuclear Safety Yearbooks. Among those actions, we listed up the items that need continuous follow-up. Then we propose a desirable approach to include them in the AMP. It is very challenging to submit an AMP covering a wide range of design basis accidents, multiple accidents, external hazards, and severe accidents for all operating and new reactors after three years of the preparation period. Similarly, the work of the regulatory body that will review the plan submitted at once should be enormous. Installation of the equipment or evaluation results from the Fukushima actions should be appropriately reflected in the AMP. Among those follow-up items, we listed up those which are related to the AM and need follow-up under the AMP framework. While it is expected that preparation and review of the AMPs require much efforts, we propose a step-by-step review approach similar to that of the licensee.
[en] This report presents the results of the qualitative aspect of the study relative to the 2017-2018 French market follow up of residential photovoltaic systems. These results complement those about the quantitative aspect of this same market segment. Content: 1 - Main trends of the photovoltaic market: comparison with the previous year and brakes on sector development; 2 - Supply: a market of innovation, self-consumption, the recurrent problem of environmental crime; 3 - Institutional environment: institutional support to the photovoltaic industry, 'Grenelle Environment' qualification, regulatory aspects of grid connection; 4 - Three proposals to support the sector.
[en] After an identification of 5 postures which clarify the ADEME's role with communities, and of 4 strategic axes to strengthen this relationship, this report discusses how the ADEME can prioritise its actions: an approach adapted to each community in order to strengthen partnerships, to develop the mobilisation of inter-communities, and to maintain a specific intervention with overseas communities. Some specific and targeted actions are briefly presented. The next part outlines the ADEME's role as a trustworthy expert for the implementation of the energy and ecological transition, how the ADEME aims at bringing together actors, mobilises actors and finances actions, takes specific needs of territories into account, and is able to catalyse initiatives. While mentioning some examples, the next part describes objectives and commitments related to a marketing approach and action implementation.
[en] Whereas scenarios with ambitious objectives in terms of reduction of greenhouse effect gases are based on the use of techniques of CO2 capture, transport and geological storage (for example in a scenario developed by IAE and published in 2012 in Energy Technology Perspectives), this study aims at proposing a large economic overview of these techniques applied to electric power plants, and at studying the CO2 price level from which such equipped plants become competitive. This referred as CO2 switch price. The obtained results are in controversy with specialised literature about this level. These differences are discussed and examined. The influence of the different fuels prices is then highlighted.
[en] This paper discusses the quality of contractor work. Contractors do not consistently work to station standards and expectations. The impact or consequence is that rework causes increase in costs and schedule delays, challenges operations ability to return systems to service and erodes the organizations confidence. Current state or challenges with solving the issue are improvements in supervisory capability and performance, enhanced human performance, focus improvements in outage preparations, improvements in outage execution. In order to solve the issue, improve quality of oversight and improve quality of source documentation used by contractor.
[en] Ontario Power Generation (OPG) produces almost half of the electricity that Ontario homes, schools, hospitals and businesses rely on each day. With an in-service capacity of 16,218 megawatts, OPG owns and operates a diverse generation fleet that includes: two nuclear stations, 66 hydroelectric stations on 24 river systems, two biomass stations, one thermal station, and one wind turbine. OPG's power is more than 99 per cent free of smog and carbon emissions. Jeff Lehman, Vice President -- New Nuclear Development, will provide an overview of OPG's current operating performance and key projects, including the Darlington Refurbishment project. This presentation will also highlight OPG's involvement in the exploration of future new nuclear development opportunities, including small modular reactor applications.
[en] There has been a rapidly-growing international interest in smaller, simpler reactors for generating electricity and process heat. Interest in a new generation of advanced small modular reactor (SMR) technology has been driven by many factors, including the desire to reduce capital costs, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, to replace retiring fossil plants that do not meet today's environmental standards, and to provide reliable power in 'off-grid' or 'edge-of-grid' locations. This new generation of low-carbon, GHG-free advanced reactors can be used in remote communities and resource extraction industries to supply safe, reliable and economical energy generation that can help mitigate climate change and help stimulate economic growth. Introduction of these advanced small reactors, particularly in Canada's resource-rich remote northern regions, will raise issues in a wide variety of technical, institutional, socio-economic, and regulatory policy areas. The Emissions-Free Energy Working Group (EFEWG) has been established as a technology-neutral, small-reactor industry-wide organization to identify and prioritize the high-level issues that need to be addressed and work with the CNSC and other interested stakeholders to agree on a resolution acceptable to all parties. By working together as one entity, the industry has an opportunity through the EFWG to influence the development of high-level regulatory policy and the associated regulatory framework and documents as they apply to small reactors in Canada. This will benefit the industry by reaching issue resolutions that are applied uniformly across the SMR industry and by distributing their development costs across the industry. The vision of the EFEWG is a flourishing small reactor industry in Canada within the next 25 years. The approach it is taking is to identify barriers to realizing this vision and to identify measures that can be taken to reduce or transcend those barriers. It will communicate its findings to other stakeholders and will collaborate with them to implement these measures. The philosophy of the EFEWG is to work openly and transparently with regulatory authorities and other stakeholders to ensure that small reactors meet all legitimate public requirements and concerns, with a view to realizing this industry's potential to benefit Canada while maintaining or improving nuclear safety. Among its many activities, the EFEWG has cooperated with the CNSC to hold workshops for provincial and federal government stakeholders on very small reactors in remote northern regions; has prepared a report on the legal and regulatory issues for deployment of factory fuelled and sealed SMRs across international waters from one country to another; and is now conducting a Canadian deployment study for transport of factory fuelled SMRs from one provincial jurisdiction to another. The Emissions-Free Energy Working Group looks forward to continuing its work on behalf of the small-reactor industry and its stakeholders. (author)
[en] Fuel poverty in developed countries is a growing concern as between 50 and 125 million Europeans are unable to afford the energy needed for adequate heating, cooking, light, and use of appliances in the home. Tackling fuel poverty has thus become a public policy challenge. The literature reports that rising fuel prices, low incomes, and energy-inefficient housing are the main causes of fuel poverty. However, existing public policies focus mainly on price- and income-based measures to reduce fuel poverty. One government policy, social housing, impacts all three causes of fuel poverty. Since it is highly regulated and heavily influenced by government policies, social housing might be a powerful policy instrument to reduce fuel poverty. Social housing has the potential to fight housing energy inefficiency, which is one cause of fuel poverty, especially as governments promote the construction and renovation of social housing. In this paper, we assess the effectiveness of such measures through matching methods and find that living in social housing decreases fuel poverty by 4.1% to 8.5%, depending on the definition of fuel poverty. (authors)
[en] For households, taxing carbon raises the cost of the energy they use to heat their home and to travel. This paper studies the distributional impacts of the recently introduced French carbon tax and the design of compensation measures. Using a micro-simulation model built on a representative sample of the French population from 2012, I simulate for each household the taxes levied on its consumption of energy for housing and transport. Without recycling, the carbon tax is regressive and increases fuel poverty. However, I show how compensation measures can offset these impacts. A flat cash transfer offsets tax regressivity by redistributing <60% of households' contribution. This result falls to 17% when the transfer is targeted at low-income households. Furthermore, I find that targeting the cash transfer reduces fuel poverty by up to 50% below its pre-tax level with a 30.50 euros/tCO2 carbon tax. These results demonstrate compensating households is achievable at reasonable cost relative to carbon tax revenues. Carbon taxation even constitutes an opportunity to finance ambitious policies to fight fuel poverty. Highlights - I quantify the distributional impacts of carbon taxation with micro-simulation. - Without recycling, the carbon tax is regressive and increases fuel poverty. - Different designs of cash transfers are compared to protect households. - Regressivity is offset by redistributing <60% of households' contribution. - Targeting the recycling at low-income reduces fuel poverty far below pre-tax level. (author)