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[en] In 1980's, however, the industry atmosphere has been slowly changing since advanced countries become more protective in high tech releases to economically competing countries like Korea. Meanwhile, Korea itself is in the stage that per-capita income exceeds 2,000 dollars, and starts realizing that the 'technology self-reliance' is the only solution for overcoming the present situation so as to become one of those developed countries. Towards this goal of technology self-reliance, our industries and government bodies are working together to develop an extensive implementation program. Korea is very poor in natural resources and capital. Fortunately, however, Korea has abundant well-educated and disciplined human resources. Therefore, the appropriate utilization of human resources is the only and natural solution for Korea's emerging into an advanced country after the turn of this century. KEPCO is the only utility company in Korea which produces and distributes the electricity. The first priority of the utility company is to provide the consumers with a good quality electricity as economically as possible in timely manner, which requires the safe and reliable operation of power plants
[en] This book deals with policy of scientific technique and technical innovation such as research for development and types of technical innovation, historical development and process of technical innovation, economic growth, technology change and investment for research and development, structure and form of technical transfer with the meaning process, from, structure and theory, economic growth and investment of research and development with experiential analysis and case study on strategy of technical innovation in electron and fine chemical industry.
[en] Although many new nuclear power plants have been brought on line in that time, resulting in a capacity of 110 plants with operating permits and another twelve in the last stages of completion, all of these plants were authorized before 1978. The fundamental reason for this moratorium in new orders was the precipitous reduction in electricity demand, arising from the OPEC embargo and Iran revolution, which created excess electric capacity throughout the United States. In fact, many nuclear and coal plants were cancelled to minimize the over capacity problem and no large base load generating units have been ordered of any kind in the past decade. So the 'moratorium' is not really unique to nuclear power. Progress, coupled with increased awareness that nuclear power is one of the keys to solving atmospheric environmental problems, will swing political and public acceptance back to being favorable. Successful progress in these matters will be of benefit to public acceptance around the world and, conversely, serious technical difficulties, particularly entailing any major incident with a nuclear power plants anywhere in the world, will adversely affect the improvement in political and public acceptance in the United States. It is vitally important, therefore, that we continue to further enhance international cooperation in nuclear power. We are pleased the Korea Electric power Corporation and the Korea Advanced Energy Research Institute are participating in EPRI development programs, and hope that cooperation will increase in the future. We're most encouraged by the formation of the World Association of Nuclear Operators, which will be initiated in Moscow next month. The nuclear electric utilities and their governments around the world, the International Atomic Energy Agency, and the Nuclear Energy Agency of OECD should be commended for their initiative in international cooperation
[en] The inevitable growth in the world's population and the need for a reasonable standard of living for all nations will drive the demand for energy to much higher levels than the world has yet experienced. A radical improvement in energy efficiency and conservation could limit the global annual demand to 100 GJ per person. consumption of North America. With the developing nations achieving a standard of living commensurate with this level, the global energy demand would increase by a factor of 2.5 to 1000 EJ per year. Concern over the impact of CO2 emissions on global warming will likely lead to an international consensus on some reduction in the use of fossil fuels. To maintain environmental sustainability, all nations of the world would need to limit their fossil fuel consumption, particularly those in North America and Europe. Other energy sources will play an important role in all regions. However, the main burden is likely to fall upon nuclear energy as an essential element of the total energy supply. The danger eliminated while sustaining global development if the governments of the world commit to the use of nuclear power on a global scale. The industrial intrastucture can be put in place for such a major international program. A more difficult question is the availability of the necessary financing. On a global scale the financial requirement is within the range of current military expenditures. However, it is clear that not all the countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America will be able to finance their own needs. A new international cooperative program will be necessary. The needed change in energy patterns is dramatic and will take time to implement. The change should be underway by the beginning of the next century. Otherwise the world faces the prospect of environmental disaster and social disruption as the nations struggle to improve their living standards through the increased use of fossil fuels. The role of nuclear power in providing the energy for global sustainable development is a topic that is of profound importance to the world. Any discussion must include a review of the global energy situation today, examination of distribution, and finally an assessment of the options for meeting the energy needs of that population
[en] This book shows energy situation in recent years, which includes reserves of energy resource in the world, crude oil production records in OPEC and non OPEC, supply and demand of energy in important developed countries, prospect of supply and demand of energy and current situation of energy conservation in developed countries. It also deals with energy situation in Korea reporting natural resources status, energy conservation policy, measurement for alternative energy, energy management of Korea, investment in equipment and public education for energy conservation.
[en] World has become sensitive to the security of energy supply after experiencing oil crises and has given priority to the policies directed at developing alternatives to oil, notably coal, natural gas, and nuclear as well as encouraging rational use of energy and guiding the advent of new energy saving technologies. Nuclear energy is produced by the use of complicated technological facilities as well as uranium. Although immense technological effort was devoted before it has become widely used, the commercialization of this energy has opened a new way to assure stable supply of energy through the possession of technology, in addition to the classical way through the possession of natural resources. This is an important option to the countries like Japan which endowed almost no significant amount of natural energy resources except solar, use of which also depends on the progress in the related technology. Nuclear energy is considered as a semi-domestic source of energy in Japan and expected to account for growing share of total energy supply in coming years. Expecting that the 21st century will be a century of plutonium, technology bases for the stable nuclear energy supply system based on plutonium are under development. Prerequisite for the accomplishment of this role is the assurance of safety and public acceptance. Efforts are concentrated on further improvement of the plant technology, training and education of the personnel involved, and safety measures installed, without being content with the current excellent record of operation. Furthermore, a number of leading R and D projects are promoted aggressively with a view to pursue new possibility of nuclear energy. These R and D expected to bring about various spillover in other industries and lead the development of science and engineering in general
[en] The Nuclear Industry is now over 40 years old and a proven, mature product has been developed. That proven mature product has evolve into a small set of standardized designs - designs based on evolution of the best and safest features, not revolutionary changes. Just as the product design must be standardized, the regulatory process must also be standardized. With a predictable regulatory environment and rate structure the economic advantages of Nuclear Power will be self-evident. The Nuclear Industry in the United States has had a history of cycles as the economy and need for power has changed. The need for electricity to support growth is a given. With a strong focus on the standardization of the process and the product, a competent engineering approach to safety, and improved economies, the 21st century will see nuclear power assume its appropriate role as a key source in the energy mix in the United States. Presenting a discussion dealing with the future is always a risky thing. One man's prognosis is another mans wild guess. Today, I would like to talk briefly on my views of the future, and especially my views on the Prospects for Nuclear Energy in the U. S. in that future. Though it is clear that nuclear energy will play a key role in fulfilling the energy needs of the world, the future of nuclear energy in the United States is not as clear. A discussion of the future of the U. S. Nuclear Industry is especially appropriate here today because I am firmly confident that the Republic of Korea will play a major role in that future. The world energy situation and the role of nuclear power has undergone a number of upsets in the last decade. Often we tend to dwell on the gloom of the past and overlook the strengths that the Nuclear Industry has developed. Presently over 437 gigawatts of electricity in the world is planned to be produced by 564 nuclear units. There are over 32 countries with commercial nuclear programs. One of the brightest of these being here in Korea. The Korean program has managed to move forward aggressively where other programs have become mired down
[en] In today's world, and most certainly in the future, a growing number of people seek a better life - with continuing progress. To achieve this, they need more and more energy and electricity. There is, of course, a limit to this increase; the world population will stabilize and advances in energy consumption practices will limit waste. I do not intend to speculate on figures for the future; I prefer to restrict myself to present-day facts and figures: eight billion metric tons of oil equivalent are consumed each year, a quarter of which is in the form of electricity. And of this electricity, nuclear power supplies 20%. Forecasting the future is a tricky business, especially when six years of construction lie ahead, followed by forty years of industrial 'life'. I am prepared to make such forecasts, though, as my convictions are based on three extremely solid reasons. These may not seem very original and some of you have perhaps heard me give them before; however, they are sound and will remain so for many years to come. Nuclear energy guarantees security in three major areas: energy policies, the environment and the economy
[en] These studies are about electric power in seven fields, which are computerized system of electric facility management research on dismantling nuclear power plant, development of reasonable operation program in hydroelectric power plant, an empirical study on saving of mineral energy and a case study, redaction measures of nitrogen oxides, nondestructive testing of concrete and research of penetration rate of appliances.
[en] This book indicates method of building of automation plan, design of automation facilities, automation and CHIP process like basics of cutting, NC processing machine and CHIP handling, automation unit, such as drilling unit, tapping unit, boring unit, milling unit and slide unit, application of oil pressure on characteristics and basic oil pressure circuit, application of pneumatic, automation kinds and application of process, assembly, transportation, automatic machine and factory automation.