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[en] At least eighty percent of the electricity produced must be low carbon by 2050,states the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. It accepts this fact as well latest initiative Nuclear4Climate - or the nuclear for the climate - that connects nuclear power plant and supports reducing greenhouse gases through atomic energy. Set target so far only six countries have been successful on Earth, including France, Sweden, Switzerland, and Brazil. This information was given at the conference PIME, which brings together experts on nuclear power plant communication from all over the world. The event was organized by The European Nuclear Society at the beginning of March, it took place for the first time in Slovakia.
[en] In order to continuously improve the status and activities at V2 Bohunice NPP, Slovenske elektrarne, plant Bohunice V2 in cooperation with WANO scheduled two Technical Support Missions (TSM) for this year. These missions are used for the exchange of good practise and the support of power plants not only in our country but also worldwide in the case of “weak areas” or “weak points” perceived by the power plant as areas for improvement. WANO technical support missions have always been focused on utilising the best world experience and its application in our plant to improve our level to become a top global NPP operator.
[en] The Japanese ambassador in Slovakia Akio Egawa visited the Nuclear Power Plant Bohunice on 22 October accompanied by first secretary of the embassy Shinji Soyamu. At EBO they were shown around by the Director of SE Integrated Management System and Evaluation of Nuclear Safety Unit Jozef Zlatnansky and the Safety Manager at EBO Ivan Kocalk. They were familiarized with the history of SE, as well as the modernization and operating results of both nuclear units. The guests were in particular interested in the specific power Japanese Ambassador At Bohunice V2 plant measures that were adopted after the events at Fukushima. They were surprised by the fact that severe accidents had begun to be addressed a long time before Fukushima, with the emergency control centre project having been prepared in 2008, construction completed two years later (2010), and operational since 2012.
[en] Work at a NPP requires more than special skills of employee and special approach to work. Particular importance of such a power plant means also a special approach to all training and education that its employee must pass. At the Nuclear power plant Jaslovske Bohunice also they also understand importance of staff training and therefore they invited their colleagues from the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) to target this area. The objective was to reveal shortcomings in the training that we no longer can see or we have lost the sensitivity to them. Perspective from outside is always from a bit different angle and that is the fundamental matter of each WANO peer review. Various missions in the past (either WANO, or operational safety assessment) have shown, that it is always best to train on site in the NPP, with own people, and to teach them also manual dexterity, not only theory.
[en] MO34 construction costs are Eur 4,600 per kW of installed power; French and Finnish costs are Eur 5,300 per kW of install ed power and approx. Eur 6,350 per kW for the British one after conversion. In our case, we have reactors of the 3rd generation, model VVER400, type V213, able to reach a production capacity of 2x500 MW electric in the seventh and subsequent operational year; other comparable foreign projects include European pressurized water reactors with installed power of 1,600 MW e for the fi rst two projects, and 2 reactors of 1,630 MW e for the British project.
[en] Scientists unanimously agreed that the Earth’s atmosphere is warming due to the greenhouse gas emissions caused by human activity. The Paris Conference about Global Climate Change COP21 can be a breakthrough milestone in the Earth’s protection and Co2 emission reduction. The agreement approved by all national representatives on 12 December is a response to this issue endangering human presence in certain parts of the world. This agreement confirms the aim to maintain temperature increase below 2 °C, as higher increase would be very dangerous. By December, 186 countries published their action plans to decrease greenhouse gas emissions which is not sufficient in line with the U N study to comply with the threshold of temperature increase below 2 °C. The Paris Treaty therefore requires that states revise their plans every 5 years. Moreover, emissions should not further increase and gradually we should stop using the most polluting fossil fuels.
[en] The European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) will continue to participate in international cooperation on research and development of the fourth generation of nuclear energy systems, following the publication of the Recommendation of the E U Council of Ministers of 29 January. The final adoption of this decision is expected to follow immediately, the statement said. Foratom, the European Nuclear Industry Group, welcomed the recommendation to extend Euratom's participation in the Generation IV International Forum (GIF) for a further 10 years, until 2026, and to continue joining forces to develop new designs for nuclear energy systems.
[en] Bohunice nuclear power plant has achieved a significant success in operating its units. On 10 March it was exactly 10 years since the last actuation of the automatic reactor scram at Unit 4 of V2. On 10 March 2006 the unit worked in secondary control power and at 13:17 both two turbo-generators were shut down due to actuation of protections as a result of high temperature in bearings. Subsequently, by closure of quick-closing valves of the last working turbo-generator lead to the automatic reactor scram of the first type. Achieving the success of smooth operation is not taken for granted in case of nuclear power plants. This situation has been attained mainly as a result of a well-handled modernization and increased performance at NPP V2 units, not only in the preparatory stage but also during the actual implementation of both projects. This success would not have been possible without the commitment and professionalism of the EBO staff engaged in their everyday work.
[en] Rephasing of TG1 to the grid on 5 July completed the first short (type) outage of EBO V2 Unit 3, which had lasted since 14 June. It was the third general overhaul (GO) of units in Slovak nuclear power plants this year, and the 30th GO of this particular unit with partial fuel removal from the reactor (approx. one fifth). Outage preparation started with a 20-month advance, which is in line with the new outage management process introduced at nuclear power plants in 2010. Outages and repairs form a standard part of the life cycle of each power plant, and is a long-term planned process.
[en] Three energy attachés work in the area of energy at the Permanent Representation of the Slovak Republic to the European Union in Brussels. One is Miroslav Zimermann, who is First Secretary for energy and nuclear safety with an emphasis on nuclear energy. We spoke to him during his visit to Mochovce on 17 February. The representation plays a central role in communications between Slovakia and European institutions. Its task is to defend and pursue Slovak positions as efficiently as possible, and to prepare regular meetings of ministers and state heads or governments – E U summits.