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[en] As a result, the Nuclear Safety and Security Commission (NSSC) prepared a plan for improving the safety of nuclear facilities against a major earthquake, and implemented measures to improve the earthquake response system, to strengthen the seismic capacity of NPPs and to evaluate the seismic capacity. Based on the seismology survey results, KINS plans to reevaluate the seismic design criteria of NPPs. While these activities have been carried out based on individual administrative orders of the regulatory authority in a relatively short period of time since 2011, the Nuclear Safety Act was revised to provide an additional requirement to submit the Accident Management Plan (AMP) for the Operating License. Accordingly, treatment of the above improvements related to the accident management (AM) in a comprehensive and systematic manner has become necessary when the amended laws and regulations are implemented. Therefore, in this study, we examine the status of the Post-Fukushima actions following the administrative orders of the regulatory body and self-imposed by the licensee by searching mainly the Nuclear Safety Yearbooks. Among those actions, we listed up the items that need continuous follow-up. Then we propose a desirable approach to include them in the AMP. It is very challenging to submit an AMP covering a wide range of design basis accidents, multiple accidents, external hazards, and severe accidents for all operating and new reactors after three years of the preparation period. Similarly, the work of the regulatory body that will review the plan submitted at once should be enormous. Installation of the equipment or evaluation results from the Fukushima actions should be appropriately reflected in the AMP. Among those follow-up items, we listed up those which are related to the AM and need follow-up under the AMP framework. While it is expected that preparation and review of the AMPs require much efforts, we propose a step-by-step review approach similar to that of the licensee.
[en] We investigate this study to examine the relationship between economic growth, freight transport, and energy consumption for 63 developing countries over the period of 1990–2016. In order to make the panel data analysis more homogeneous, we apply the income level of countries to divide the global panel into three sub-panels, namely, lower-middle income countries (LMIC), upper-middle income countries (UMIC), and high-income countries (HIC). Using the generalized method of moments (GMM), the results prove evidence of bidirectional causal relationship between economic growth and freight transport for all selected panels and between economic growth and energy consumption for the high- and upper-middle income panels. For the lower-middle income panel, the causality is unidirectional running from energy consumption to economic growth. Also, the results indicate that the relationship between freight transport and energy use is bidirectional for the high-income countries and unidirectional from freight transport to energy consumption for the upper-middle and lower-middle income countries. Empirical evidence demonstrates the importance of energy for economic activity and rejects the neo-classical assumption that energy is neutral for growth. An important policy recommendation is that there is need of advancements in vehicle technology which can reduce energy intensity from transport sector and improve the energy efficiency in transport activity which in turn allows a greater positive role of transport in global economic activity.
[en] This paper discusses the quality of contractor work. Contractors do not consistently work to station standards and expectations. The impact or consequence is that rework causes increase in costs and schedule delays, challenges operations ability to return systems to service and erodes the organizations confidence. Current state or challenges with solving the issue are improvements in supervisory capability and performance, enhanced human performance, focus improvements in outage preparations, improvements in outage execution. In order to solve the issue, improve quality of oversight and improve quality of source documentation used by contractor.
[en] Ontario Power Generation (OPG) produces almost half of the electricity that Ontario homes, schools, hospitals and businesses rely on each day. With an in-service capacity of 16,218 megawatts, OPG owns and operates a diverse generation fleet that includes: two nuclear stations, 66 hydroelectric stations on 24 river systems, two biomass stations, one thermal station, and one wind turbine. OPG's power is more than 99 per cent free of smog and carbon emissions. Jeff Lehman, Vice President -- New Nuclear Development, will provide an overview of OPG's current operating performance and key projects, including the Darlington Refurbishment project. This presentation will also highlight OPG's involvement in the exploration of future new nuclear development opportunities, including small modular reactor applications.
[en] There has been a rapidly-growing international interest in smaller, simpler reactors for generating electricity and process heat. Interest in a new generation of advanced small modular reactor (SMR) technology has been driven by many factors, including the desire to reduce capital costs, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, to replace retiring fossil plants that do not meet today's environmental standards, and to provide reliable power in 'off-grid' or 'edge-of-grid' locations. This new generation of low-carbon, GHG-free advanced reactors can be used in remote communities and resource extraction industries to supply safe, reliable and economical energy generation that can help mitigate climate change and help stimulate economic growth. Introduction of these advanced small reactors, particularly in Canada's resource-rich remote northern regions, will raise issues in a wide variety of technical, institutional, socio-economic, and regulatory policy areas. The Emissions-Free Energy Working Group (EFEWG) has been established as a technology-neutral, small-reactor industry-wide organization to identify and prioritize the high-level issues that need to be addressed and work with the CNSC and other interested stakeholders to agree on a resolution acceptable to all parties. By working together as one entity, the industry has an opportunity through the EFWG to influence the development of high-level regulatory policy and the associated regulatory framework and documents as they apply to small reactors in Canada. This will benefit the industry by reaching issue resolutions that are applied uniformly across the SMR industry and by distributing their development costs across the industry. The vision of the EFEWG is a flourishing small reactor industry in Canada within the next 25 years. The approach it is taking is to identify barriers to realizing this vision and to identify measures that can be taken to reduce or transcend those barriers. It will communicate its findings to other stakeholders and will collaborate with them to implement these measures. The philosophy of the EFEWG is to work openly and transparently with regulatory authorities and other stakeholders to ensure that small reactors meet all legitimate public requirements and concerns, with a view to realizing this industry's potential to benefit Canada while maintaining or improving nuclear safety. Among its many activities, the EFEWG has cooperated with the CNSC to hold workshops for provincial and federal government stakeholders on very small reactors in remote northern regions; has prepared a report on the legal and regulatory issues for deployment of factory fuelled and sealed SMRs across international waters from one country to another; and is now conducting a Canadian deployment study for transport of factory fuelled SMRs from one provincial jurisdiction to another. The Emissions-Free Energy Working Group looks forward to continuing its work on behalf of the small-reactor industry and its stakeholders. (author)
[en] Efficient electrical energy usage has been recognized as one of the important factor to reduce cost of electrical energy consumption. Various parties have been emphasized about the importance of using electrical energy efficiently. Inefficient usage of electrical energy usage lead to biggest factor increasing of administration cost in Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia. With this in view, a project the investigate potential reduction electrical energy consumption in Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia was carried out. In this project, a case study involving electrical energy consumption of Perpustakaan Tunku Tun Aminah was conducted. The scopes of this project are to identify energy consumption in selected building and to find the factors that contributing to wastage of electrical energy. The MS1525:2001, Malaysian Standard - Code of practice on energy efficiency and use of renewable energy for non-residential buildings was used as reference. From the result, 4 saving measure had been proposed which is change type of the lamp, install sensor, decrease the number of lamp and improve shading coefficient on glass. This saving measure is suggested to improve the efficiency of electrical energy consumption. Improve of human behaviour toward saving energy measure can reduce 10% from the total of saving cost while on building technical measure can reduce 90% from total saving cost. (paper)
[en] ASE objectives: • Digital Company through digitizing all company's processes; • Digital Product through digitizing the NPP as the primary object: creating digital twin of the whole NPP and its equipment, digitizing the engineering, construction and maintenance processes; • Digital Tools - through Creation of Multi-D industrial digital platform for complex technological objects management and control. Commercialization of the Services and the Products of the company with the help of the Platform; • Digital (Cyber) Security; • Digital Business - Reconsideration of the principles of communication with clients, suppliers and partners. Establishment of partnerships, creation of the new business models.
[en] Summary: • Overview of HRDC and IRRS was introduced. • The new qualification and training system was explained focusing on Basic level. • NRA has been developing the system and will continue to make efforts for its further improvement.
[en] The set of actions related to the objectives foreseen for the nuclear sector requires the strengthening of the national technological capacity in the various areas contemplated in the Brazilian Nuclear Program. In this context, the CNEN's Specialized Training Program, over the last years, has played a role of great importance and relevance for the National Commission of Nuclear Energy. The Specialized Training Program has become a fundamental tool for all nuclear institutions in Brazil, enabling projects of socio economic relevance, expanding and improving the technical scientific services offered by it and allowing to increase the potential of scientific and technological research execution. It is important that the amount of resources allocated to the Specialized Training Program, implemented by CNEN, be reviewed and expanded in the next five years (2018-2022), thus allowing that the objectives proposed for the Program in this new period can be fulfilled with efficiency and effectiveness, contemplating the demands of the Brazilian Nuclear Program.