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[en] The Dutch government is implementing ambitious energy and climate policy aimed at energy saving, renewable energy and CO2 storage. Two programmes play an important role: EnergyTransition and Energy Research Subsidy (EOS). In this annex you will read how EOS projects contribute to the EnergyTransition. This annex also contains the leaflet 'Energy in motion. From outline to successful implementation: All elements for a sustainable future'.
[nl]De Nederlandse overheid voert een ambitieus energie- en klimaatbeleid, gericht op energiebesparing, duurzame energie en CO2-opslag. Twee programma's spelen hierin een belangrijke rol: EnergieTransitie en Energie Onderzoek Subsidie (EOS). In deze bijlage leest u hoe EOS-projecten bijdragen aan de EnergieTransitie. Deze bijlage bevat ook de brochure 'Energie in Beweging. Van eerste idee tot succesvolle toepassing: Alle elementen voor een duurzame toekomst.'.
[en] This workshop provided a forum for industry experts, government agencies, and various other stakeholders to discuss issues related to small and medium hydro technologies. The aim of the workshop was to provide practical information related to the challenges and benefits of small and medium hydro development for designers, developers, and investors. Attendees discussed approvals procedures, regulations, and government policies related to small and medium hydro developments. An overview of small and medium hydro technologies in relation to the electricity sector was presented. Modelling packages for hydro design were reviewed, and recent technology innovations were discussed. Small and medium hydro projects in various countries were outlined. The workshop was divided into the following 3 sessions: (1) project approvals, (2) project approvals and project assessment, and (3) hydrokinetic power. The workshop featured 12 presentations, of which 3 have been catalogued separately for inclusion in this database. tabs., figs.
[en] Western Algeria has been experiencing drought since the middle of 1970's,which is characterized by severity and remarkable persistent of rainfalldeficit. The effects of this drought are also felt in the extreme east. Theaim of this study is to identify the variations of climate in order topredict and analyze their impact on water resources in future work. Theselected study area includes 15 basins of the North of Algeria. Rainfall datafrom 86 precipitation stations with low percentages of missing data were usedin this study. All of these station's data have been utilized at least overthe period 1930-1999/2000, on which the study focused. To explore rainfallvariability, long series of rainfall on annual, seasonal and monthly scaleswere subjected to statistical tests for detecting breaks in those series.Statistical methods used are U Buishand, the non-parametric test of Pettit,the procedure of Bayesian Lee and Heghinian and the procedure of segmentationof Pierre Hubert. The univariate analysis showed a change in the rainfallpattern in the western region since 1975. However, in the east of Algeria, nobreak was detected by the application of these methods. (author)
[en] Many electric power companies in Japan, irrespective of their nuclear power generation ratio's difference, have nuclear power plants. These days, corporate image is becoming more and more important. Therefore, a survey was carried out to study the effect that nuclear power has on the corporate image of an electric power company. The survey also includes a study about the effect of providing information concerning the benefits of nuclear power on people's attitude change towards nuclear power. The purpose of this study is to examine the possibility of enhancing people's support to nuclear power generation and the corporate image of electric power companies by providing benefit information of nuclear power. (author)
[en] In Japan, the Specified Radioactive Waste Final Disposal Act (hereafter the Act) was promulgated in June 2000, with a view to ensuring systematic and safe disposal of high-level radioactive waste. The Act calls for the establishment of an implementing body responsible for disposal of high-level waste (HLW). The body specified under the Act, the Nuclear Waste Management Organization of Japan (NUMO), was established in October 2000. In order to initiate the disposal project for HLW in Japan, NUMO selected an open solicitation approach for finding candidate sites and sent an information package to all municipalities in Japan in December 2002. For successful implementation of the HLW project, it is essential to gain public understanding of the need for HLW disposal in Japan, the disposal system planned by NUMO and NUMO's activities, with the focus on the following: the development of repository concepts in Japan, the site selection process, the open solicitation approach and the public outreach scheme. NUMO has organized fact-to-face forums and conducted information campaigns in leading newspapers, on TV and in magazines to raise awareness of its mission and activities. As a result of these actions, some municipalities have expressed an interested in the project, but this has not yet led to the first step of conducting literature surveys. Experience with municipalities that expressed an interest indicates the need to step up efforts towards improving the understanding of the final disposal project by the general public and local residents. (author)
[en] The introduction of contestability conditions in the market of electricity distribution, following the dominant economic paradigm (Neoclassical or Marginalist) and solidary to the commercialization segment, it doesn't exhibit satisfactory solutions at the present time. This asseveration, of general character, have special incumbency for those countries of Latin America that, from regulatory schemes, try to define a deregulated market for certain kind of user (denominated eligible). A eligible user is characterized by to have demands equal or higher than a preset threshold value of electric power/ energy. In this work, considering the models implemented in the telecommunications networks, the problem of allocation of distribution costs, as the first step toward a contestable offer in the retail energy service, is discussed to establishing access prices in the distribution networks (non contestable markets). The analysis is focalized to definition of two market segments: one regulated and other competitive. Their methodological and instrumentation difficulties, are presented, concluding in the necessity of an alternative paradigm.
[en] In the fall of 2008, the Zurich Technical University (ETH) and the Lausanne EPF will launch their joint master course of studies in Nuclear Engineering. Horst-Michael Prasser, Professor for Nuclear Energy Systems at Zurich ETH, is responsible for designing the course. In this interview he comments, among other things, on fundamental questions which may determine a future student's choice of a course of studies, and on the special opportunities offered by the new Nuclear Engineering course. Other subjects addressed include the renaissance of nuclear power and the future prospects of safety research and new reactor developments. (orig.)
[en] This article aims at characterizing the daily price fundamentals of European Union Allowances (EUAs) traded since 2005 as part of the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS). The presence of two structural changes on April 2006 following the disclosure of 2005 verified emissions and on October 2006 following the European Commission announcement of stricter Phase II allocation allows to isolate distinct fundamentals evolving overtime. The results extend previous literature by showing that EUA spot prices react not only to energy prices with forecast errors, but also to unanticipated temperatures changes during colder events. Besides, the sub-period decomposition of the pilot phase gives a better grasp of institutional and market events that drive allowance price changes. (author)
[en] A secure energy supply is a basic need of society. Along with electricity market deregulation, a responsibility gap has arisen, where private energy companies lack economic incentives to invest in an electricity distribution grid that is secured to the level desired by society. This article discusses the emergency management strategies of municipal authorities for securing the electricity supply, according to a networked, or 'governance', control and direction structure, and how this influences the relationship between electricity companies and Swedish municipalities. The Swedish electricity system has traditionally developed in a monopoly context. Since electricity market deregulation, the responsibility for electricity supply security has become unclear; field studies of Swedish municipalities indicate that all actors still seem to be seeking to find their proper roles in the deregulated market. Municipalities still expect to exercise influence over private energy company decisions regarding prioritization of emergency power deliveries. Energy companies vacillate between emphasizing their need to regard economic factors and their sense of responsibility for providing a secure electricity supply to vital municipal functions (even though municipalities may lack contracts specifying this). (author)