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[en] This study uses the total-factor energy productivity change index (TFEPCH) to investigate the changes in energy productivity of construction industry for 30 provincial regions in China from 2006 to 2015, adopting the improved Luenberger productivity index combined with the directional distance function. In addition to traditional economic output indicator, this study introduces building floor space under construction as a physical output indicator for energy productivity evaluation. The TFEPCH was decomposed into energy technical efficiency change and energy technical progress shift. Results indicate that, first, energy productivity of China’s construction industry decreased by 7.1% annually during 2006–2015. Energy technical regress, rather than energy technical efficiency, contributed most to the overall decline in energy productivity of China’s construction industry. Second, energy productivity in the central region of China decreased dramatically, by a cumulative sum of approximately 77.1%, since 2006, while energy productivity in the eastern and western regions decreased by over 54.3 and 65.3%, respectively. Only two of the 30 provinces considered—Hebei and Shandong—improved their energy productivity during 2006–2015. The findings presented here provide a basis for decision-making and references for administrative departments to set differentiated energy efficiency goals and develop relevant measures. Additionally, the findings are highly significant for energy and resource allocation of Chinese construction industry in different regions.
[en] As a result, the Nuclear Safety and Security Commission (NSSC) prepared a plan for improving the safety of nuclear facilities against a major earthquake, and implemented measures to improve the earthquake response system, to strengthen the seismic capacity of NPPs and to evaluate the seismic capacity. Based on the seismology survey results, KINS plans to reevaluate the seismic design criteria of NPPs. While these activities have been carried out based on individual administrative orders of the regulatory authority in a relatively short period of time since 2011, the Nuclear Safety Act was revised to provide an additional requirement to submit the Accident Management Plan (AMP) for the Operating License. Accordingly, treatment of the above improvements related to the accident management (AM) in a comprehensive and systematic manner has become necessary when the amended laws and regulations are implemented. Therefore, in this study, we examine the status of the Post-Fukushima actions following the administrative orders of the regulatory body and self-imposed by the licensee by searching mainly the Nuclear Safety Yearbooks. Among those actions, we listed up the items that need continuous follow-up. Then we propose a desirable approach to include them in the AMP. It is very challenging to submit an AMP covering a wide range of design basis accidents, multiple accidents, external hazards, and severe accidents for all operating and new reactors after three years of the preparation period. Similarly, the work of the regulatory body that will review the plan submitted at once should be enormous. Installation of the equipment or evaluation results from the Fukushima actions should be appropriately reflected in the AMP. Among those follow-up items, we listed up those which are related to the AM and need follow-up under the AMP framework. While it is expected that preparation and review of the AMPs require much efforts, we propose a step-by-step review approach similar to that of the licensee.
[en] Technology-intensive industries can be used as a major growth engine for resource poor country in the territories. For example, in the case of Korea, nuclear power and radiation technology industry was highly developed, and it was possible to obtain national interests such as solving energy problems within the country and exporting nuclear power plants. On the other hand, there are cases where national damage is caused by erroneous governmental policy-making on technology-intensive sectors. In this study, we analyzed cases of misguided governmental policy-making for technology-intensive industry and three factors were identified. And we tried to develop a rational policymaking model using three types of allison’s model in combination. The results of this study are expected to be useful for rational governmental policy-making processes for technology-intensive industries
[en] This study addresses attitudes toward nuclear power in an international comparative setting for two distinct scenarios: In a period without an issue-related exogenous shock and in the wake of nuclear accidents. As it cannot be taken for granted that citizens attach increased importance to issues of energy policy, the theoretical discussion deals with various implications of relative issue saliences with a focus on varying politicization levels. The empirical analyses for periods without external events reveals profound context-specific patterns when it comes to the association between predispositions and the evaluation of nuclear power. Theoretical mechanisms that are often generally assumed in the literature are mainly found in economically advanced countries. Moreover, using the Fukushima accident as an example for a scenario with an exogenous shock, the analysis highlights that attitudinal and behavioral reactions have to be conceived of as a complex interaction of elite cues, individual predispositions and long-term dynamics in issue salience. Based on three case studies, the investigation suggests that an increase in issue salience is only present in the immediate aftermath of the Fukushima disaster, if at all. As context-specific politicization is relevant for a wide array of political issues - especially for less important topics - the study provides substantial and methodological implications beyond just the scope of the nuclear power issue.
[en] This report presents the results of the qualitative aspect of the study relative to the 2017-2018 French market follow up of residential photovoltaic systems. These results complement those about the quantitative aspect of this same market segment. Content: 1 - Main trends of the photovoltaic market: comparison with the previous year and brakes on sector development; 2 - Supply: a market of innovation, self-consumption, the recurrent problem of environmental crime; 3 - Institutional environment: institutional support to the photovoltaic industry, 'Grenelle Environment' qualification, regulatory aspects of grid connection; 4 - Three proposals to support the sector.
[en] After an identification of 5 postures which clarify the ADEME's role with communities, and of 4 strategic axes to strengthen this relationship, this report discusses how the ADEME can prioritise its actions: an approach adapted to each community in order to strengthen partnerships, to develop the mobilisation of inter-communities, and to maintain a specific intervention with overseas communities. Some specific and targeted actions are briefly presented. The next part outlines the ADEME's role as a trustworthy expert for the implementation of the energy and ecological transition, how the ADEME aims at bringing together actors, mobilises actors and finances actions, takes specific needs of territories into account, and is able to catalyse initiatives. While mentioning some examples, the next part describes objectives and commitments related to a marketing approach and action implementation.
[en] We investigate this study to examine the relationship between economic growth, freight transport, and energy consumption for 63 developing countries over the period of 1990–2016. In order to make the panel data analysis more homogeneous, we apply the income level of countries to divide the global panel into three sub-panels, namely, lower-middle income countries (LMIC), upper-middle income countries (UMIC), and high-income countries (HIC). Using the generalized method of moments (GMM), the results prove evidence of bidirectional causal relationship between economic growth and freight transport for all selected panels and between economic growth and energy consumption for the high- and upper-middle income panels. For the lower-middle income panel, the causality is unidirectional running from energy consumption to economic growth. Also, the results indicate that the relationship between freight transport and energy use is bidirectional for the high-income countries and unidirectional from freight transport to energy consumption for the upper-middle and lower-middle income countries. Empirical evidence demonstrates the importance of energy for economic activity and rejects the neo-classical assumption that energy is neutral for growth. An important policy recommendation is that there is need of advancements in vehicle technology which can reduce energy intensity from transport sector and improve the energy efficiency in transport activity which in turn allows a greater positive role of transport in global economic activity.
[en] As 2018 draws to a close, there have been several developments that will mean the new year dawning with fresh uncertainties on the horizon for the global nuclear energy industry: Brexit and announcement of the Trump administration for a new policy framework for curtailing civil nuclear commerce with China are two of them.
[en] Ontario Power Generation (OPG) produces almost half of the electricity that Ontario homes, schools, hospitals and businesses rely on each day. With an in-service capacity of 16,218 megawatts, OPG owns and operates a diverse generation fleet that includes: two nuclear stations, 66 hydroelectric stations on 24 river systems, two biomass stations, one thermal station, and one wind turbine. OPG's power is more than 99 per cent free of smog and carbon emissions. Jeff Lehman, Vice President -- New Nuclear Development, will provide an overview of OPG's current operating performance and key projects, including the Darlington Refurbishment project. This presentation will also highlight OPG's involvement in the exploration of future new nuclear development opportunities, including small modular reactor applications.
[en] Highlights: • A blockchain-enabled system is proposed for emissions trading application. • The objective is to improve management and increase abatement investment. • Financial incentive is used to motivate industry participants. • Multi-criteria analysis emphasizes the benefit of the system against established ETS. - Abstract: Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) has dual aims to reduce emission production and stimulate adoption of long-term abatement technology. Whilst it has generally achieved its first aim, its issues are hindering the accomplishment of the second. Several solutions have been proposed to improve ETS’s efficacy, yet none of them have considered the advancement of Industry 4.0. This paper proposes a novel ETS model customised for Industry 4.0 integration. It incorporates blockchain technology to address ETS’s management and fraud issues whilst it utilizes a reputation system in a new approach to improve ETS efficacy. Specific design of how the blockchain technology and reputation system are used to achieve these objectives is showed within this paper. The case study demonstrates the inner working of reputation-based trading system—in which reputation signifies participants performance and commitment toward emission reduction effort. Multi-criteria analysis is used to evaluate the proposed scheme against conventional ETS model. The result shows that the proposed model is a feasible scheme and that the benefits of its implementation will outweigh its drawback.