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[en] The German Atomforum (DAtF) and the Kerntechnische Gesellschaft (KTG) held the annular meeting Nuclear Technology from 4th until 6th May 1982 in Mannheim. The structure,which was determined after various changes in the previous year, was retained year and should definitively decisive for further meetings: Three plenary sessions on Tuesday morning and Thursday morning and afternoon, three parallel technical sessions on Wednesday morning, and technical sessions in nine sessions (sections) on Tuesday and Wednesday afternoon. With a cutback to three days, maximum concentration has been achieved for such a wide-ranging meeting. However, an attractive lecture topic and the announcement of the participation of the Federal Minister of the Interior in the final session of the former participants observer on Friday could not prevent the loss of attendance.
[en] ASE objectives: • Digital Company through digitizing all company's processes; • Digital Product through digitizing the NPP as the primary object: creating digital twin of the whole NPP and its equipment, digitizing the engineering, construction and maintenance processes; • Digital Tools - through Creation of Multi-D industrial digital platform for complex technological objects management and control. Commercialization of the Services and the Products of the company with the help of the Platform; • Digital (Cyber) Security; • Digital Business - Reconsideration of the principles of communication with clients, suppliers and partners. Establishment of partnerships, creation of the new business models.
[en] Summary: • Overview of HRDC and IRRS was introduced. • The new qualification and training system was explained focusing on Basic level. • NRA has been developing the system and will continue to make efforts for its further improvement.
[en] The set of actions related to the objectives foreseen for the nuclear sector requires the strengthening of the national technological capacity in the various areas contemplated in the Brazilian Nuclear Program. In this context, the CNEN's Specialized Training Program, over the last years, has played a role of great importance and relevance for the National Commission of Nuclear Energy. The Specialized Training Program has become a fundamental tool for all nuclear institutions in Brazil, enabling projects of socio economic relevance, expanding and improving the technical scientific services offered by it and allowing to increase the potential of scientific and technological research execution. It is important that the amount of resources allocated to the Specialized Training Program, implemented by CNEN, be reviewed and expanded in the next five years (2018-2022), thus allowing that the objectives proposed for the Program in this new period can be fulfilled with efficiency and effectiveness, contemplating the demands of the Brazilian Nuclear Program.
[en] ED (Economic Dispatch) problem is one of the vital step in operational planning. It is a nonconvex constrained optimization problem. However, it is solved as convex problem by approximation of machine input/output characteristics, thus resulting in an inaccurate result. Reliable, secure and cheapest supply of electrical energy to the consumers is the prime objective in power system operational planning. Increase in fuel cost, reduction in fossil-fuel assets and ecological concerns have forced to integrate renewable energy resources in the generation mix. However, the instability of wind and solar power output affects the power network. For solution of such solar and wind integrated economic dispatch problems, evolutionary approaches are considered potential solution methodologies. These approaches are considered as potential solution methodologies for non convex ED problem. This paper presents CEED (Combined Emission Economic Dispatch) of a power system comprising of multiple solar, wind and thermal units using continuous and binary FPA (Flower Pollination Algorithm). Proposed algorithm is applied on 5, 6, 15, 26 and 40 thermal generators by integrating several solar and wind plants, for both convex and nonconvex ED problems. Proposed algorithm is simulated in MATLAB 2014b. Results of simulations, when compared with other approaches, show promise of the approach. (author)
[en] This article proposes an overview of the situation of the Reunion island regarding energy and the perspectives of energy autonomy by 2030. It appears that the level of imports of fossil energies is still high, notably for transports, and that the development of electrical vehicles is not supported. Autonomy in electric power production seems to be a more realistic objective, but, even though a development of photovoltaic power production is planned, phasing out coal (which represents 28 pc of electricity production) appears to be more difficult. Some biomass solutions are evoked: imports of pellets from Northern America and Brazil, the passage from sugar cane to cane mulch production. But this last issue is a difficult one for farmers. Three projects are briefly presented: solar greenhouses, a run-rail transport system, and a bio-climatic eco-district
[en] The aim of this article is to study the impact of a massive diffusion of electric vehicles in the world transportation sector on the lithium market. Lithium, like other strategic materials, has found new markets in the context of the energy transition. Hence, the capacity of those strategic materials to supply these new markets can be questioned. To achieve this goal, we have developed the first detailed global bottom-up energy model, TIAM-IFPEN (Times Integrated Assessment Model-IFPEN) with an endogenous dis-aggregated life-cycle inventories. It would clearly assess the dynamic criticality of strategic materials according to the optimal technology paths with environmental and/or energy solicitations through different approaches: geological, geopolitical, and economic towards a sustainable development. Four scenarios have been run taking into account two climate scenarios (4 deg. C and 2 deg. C) with two shapes of mobility each: a high mobility where we assume the impact of urban dispersal with a huge car dependence/usage, and a low mobility where the idea of a sustainability in mobility is assumed. The penetration of electric vehicle (EV) at the global level would push the demand of cumulated lithium but the results show us an absence of geological criticality. Nevertheless, they have clearly highlighted other different forms of vulnerabilities, whether economic, industrial, geopolitical or environmental. A discussion about the future risk factors applied to the lithium market has been also done at a regional scale to analyse more in-depth the impact of the future global fleet development on lithium market. Our study of this particular strategic material shows that the model could be a useful decision-making tool for assessing future raw material market stresses along with energy transition and could be extended to other critical raw materials for more efficient regional and sectorial screening. (authors)
[en] A key player in the energy transition, EDF group is an integrated energy company, active in all areas of the business: generation, transmission, distribution, trading, energy supply and energy services. As a global leader in low-carbon energy, the Group has developed a diversified generation mix based on nuclear power, thermal energy, hydropower and other renewable energies. This reference document presents: 1- Presentation of EDF group (History and development of the Company; Organisation of the Group; Group strategy; Description of the Group's activities; Legislative and regulatory environment; Research and development, patents and licences; Commercial properties); 2 - Risk factors and control framework (Risks to which the Group is exposed; Control of Group risks and activities; Dependency factors; Legal proceedings and arbitration; Insurance); 3 - Environmental and societal information - human resources (EDF's commitments in the area of sustainable development; EDF's Corporate Social Responsibility Goals; Other areas of the sustainable development policy; Further human resources considerations; Ethics, compliance, tax transparency; Sponsorship; Non-financial rating; Appendices and correspondence tables; Reporting system and methodology; Report by one of the Statutory Auditors, appointed as independent third party); 4 - Corporate governance (Corporate Governance Code; Members and functioning of the Board of Directors; Bodies created by Executive Management; Conflicts of interest, absence of convictions of the members of the administrative bodies and Executive Management, contracts for services; Share-holding by Directors and trading in EDF securities by corporate officers and executives; Compensation and benefits; Report by the Statutory Auditors, prepared in accordance with Article L. 225-235 of the French Commercial Code, on the Report of the Board of Directors on Corporate Governance); 5 - The group's performance in 2018 and financial outlook (Operating and financial review; Subsequent events; Changes in market prices in January and February 2019; Outlook); 6 - Financial statements (Consolidated financial statements; Statutory Auditors' Report on the consolidated financial statements; Financial statements; Statutory Auditors' Report on the financial statements; Table of results for the last five fiscal years; Dividend policy; Significant change in the financial or trading position; Information relating to the allocation of funds raised through Green Bonds issued by EDF); 7 - General information about the company and its capital (General information about the Company; Incorporation documents and articles of association; Information regarding capital and share ownership; Market for the Company's shares; Related-party transactions; Material contracts); 8 - Additional information (Person responsible for the Reference Document and the Certification; Auditors - Statutory Auditors; Documents available to the public - LEI; Financial communication calendar; Concordance tables; Glossary).
[en] This study first reports the basic case of the energy balance assessment for 2018 with a possible shutting down of coal plants by 2022 under some conditions. This provisional assessment already comprises an analysis of sensitivity to a non-achievement of some basic hypotheses for the diagnosis of the security of supply, and the report present the elements for additional analyses for very degraded scenarios. Then, the report addresses the main determining factors of the additional analysis: duration and moment of decennial inspections, EPR commissioning, Landivisiau plant commissioning, project of reconversion of the Cordemais plant (Ecocombust), and the Eleclink interconnection. Results of sensitivity tests for the national supply-demand balance are then presented and discussed: the risk for the security of supply would only concentrate on some hours of the year, and should be absorbed by 2024. The report then discusses various levers of action: consumption management, optimisation of the moment and duration of nuclear reactor stoppage, and the maintenance of the availability of the conversion to biomass of one of two Cordemais units. An additional analysis is applied to the Grand Ouest Region. Indicators of security of supply are then discussed.
[en] The principal activities of EDF Energy Holdings Limited and subsidiaries together during the year continued to be the provision and supply of electricity and gas to commercial, residential and industrial customers, and the generation of electricity through a portfolio of generation assets including nuclear, coal, gas and renewable generation. The Group is also involved in the construction of nuclear new build assets. This document is EDF Energy group annual report for the year 2018. It includes: the Strategic report, the Directors' report, the Directors' responsibilities statement, the independent Auditor's report to the Members of EDF Energy Holdings Limited, the Consolidated income statement, the Consolidated statement of comprehensive income, the Consolidated balance sheet, the Consolidated cash flow statement, the Consolidated statement of changes in equity, the Notes to the consolidated financial statements, the Company balance sheet, the Company statement of changes in equity, and the Notes to the Company financial statements