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[en] RTE is the mainspring in enhancing energy transition and developing renewable energy in France. To further knowledge on the subject, RTE publishes a detailed inventory of existing and projected wind and photovoltaic installations. This vast overview was achieved with the help of ENEDIS (ERDF), ADEeF (Association of electricity distribution network operators in France), SER (Association of renewable energy industrialists), and ORE Agency (Power network operators). The outstanding facts of this 21. edition of the renewable electricity synthesis are: 48% of renewable energy production capacity are from solar or wind origin. Solar and wind parks power exceeded 25.9 GW by December 31, 2019. With more than 25.6 GW of installed power, hydroelectricity remains the first renewable energy source in France. The bio-energy power generation park exceeds now 2.1 GW. All sources included, renewable energy sources have grown by almost 809 MW during the last quarter 2019, reaching 53.6 GW at December 31, 2019. Power distribution systems are continuously evolving in order to meet the 40% renewable electricity production goal by 2030
[en] In order to solve the problem of intermittency of some electric renewable energies, i.e. to absorb their production fluctuations, the development of Power-to-Gas (P2G) and Power-to-Heat (P2H) technologies seems to be promising. P2G could be, with hydrogen, envisaged for various applications in industry, transports and the gas system, whereas P2H could have industrial and urban heating applications. This means that different sectors will have to be integrated. In a first article, the author discusses how to go beyond sector-based approaches, describes and comments possible electric power-heat couplings in the decarbonization of heat uses (in housing, in industry, with indirect coupling of electric renewable energies and urban heat supply). He also discusses the role of P2G in the low carbon transition of the gas system (in the greening of the gas system, in the introduction of a hydrogen economy), and inter-sector couplings between electricity and transports (electro-mobility as a major link between sectors, role of batteries in the interactions between the electric power and transport sectors). In the second part, the author discusses how to improve opportunities of competitiveness of P2H and P2G coupling options by identifying the main constraints and regulatory and institutional obstacles, the development of policies and measures to be implemented to make these opportunities possible and operational, and the need of a strong governance at any level, from local to national, to coordinate the development of sector-based projects
Smart Grids - CRE. The files: The advanced meters, Electrical vehicles, The smart building, Economic models, Super grids, The integration of Renewable energies, Insular areas, NTICs, Smart cities, The consum'actor, Storage, Germany and smart grids, Smart gas grids, Smart public lighting and street furniture, Smart heat and cold networks, Smart water networks, Micro-grids, Data management, Bio-methane integration, Natural gas for vehicles (NGV), Demand flexibility, Japan, Energy efficiency, Connected objects, Hydrogen, R and D: a multi-faceted concept, Rail smart grid, Block-chain applied to energy
[en] 28 thematic files propose an overview of the present situation and of recent evolutions regarding technological, economic and legal aspects and experiments for the following domains related to smart grids: advanced meters, electrical vehicles, smart buildings, economic models, Super grids, the integration of renewable energies, insular areas, the new technologies of information and communication, smart cities, the consumer-actor, the situation of smart grids in Germany, the emergence of smart gas grids, smart public lighting and street furniture, smart heat and cold networks, smart water networks, micro-grids, data management, bio-methane integration into gas networks, natural gas for vehicles (NGV), the demand flexibility, energy efficiency, connected objects, hydrogen as an energy vector, the multi-faceted character of R and D, the rail smart grid, and the application of the block-chain concept to energy
[en] INPRO is focused on the sustainability and sustainable development of nuclear energy systems. It works cooperatively and innovatively in a crosscutting and forward-looking approach, integrating into other Agency departments and programmes to achieve success. Over 20 years, INPRO has built strong relationships with IAEA Member States, bringing together countries with established nuclear power programmes and industries as well as those embarking on the use of nuclear power. We thank the Member States for all their support. This includes funding, providing venues for events such as our Dialogue Forums, and for sharing their expertise in the many fine Cost Free Experts who have worked in INPRO over the last two decades. INPRO's task is to identify opportunities for improvement in advanced nuclear concepts and to provide pathways to Member States for addressing future challenges in the broad areas of technology, infrastructure, policy or institutional approaches. Since 2010, INPRO has sponsored 17 Dialogue Forums to build partnerships, raise key issues and create an environment where creative and fruitful solutions can be achieved. The various dialogue topics have included, among others: the deployment of SMRs, Generation IV reactor concepts, nuclear supply chains, and the non-electric applications of nuclear energy. All of them support the UN Sustainable Development and climate change goals as well as the future sustainability of nuclear power.
[en] This publication presents a quarterly report of the French energy situation: primary energy consumption and production, energy independence and CO2 emissions, average energy independence ratio, CO2 emissions related to energy combustion, imports and consumption of solid mineral fuels, production and consumption of petroleum products, imports and consumption of natural gas, stocks and consumer deliveries variation, electricity production and trade, electricity production per energy source, energy prices and quotations, energy bill, average prices and quantities of imported and exported energies. The methodology used and the corrections made are explained in appendix
[en] This monthly publication presents in a series of tables and graphs the evolution of the main energy data for France over the last years: primary energy production and consumption, energy independence and CO2 emissions, average energy independence ratio, CO2 emissions related to energy combustion, imports and consumption of solid mineral fuels, production and consumption of petroleum products, imports and consumption of natural gas, natural gas stocks variation and consumer deliveries, total natural gas consumption, electricity consumption and trades, electricity production per type of energy source (photovoltaic, wind, hydraulic, nuclear, fossil thermal) and electricity demand, energy prices and quotations, consumer price index, energy bill (average price and quantities of imported energies, petroleum products and electricity)
[en] This report provides a practical action plan and investment guide for policy makers and investors, to help stimulate economic transition at the speed and scale needed to avoid the worst effects of climate change. With its 55 actionable recommendations for financial support, it targets the utilization of the European Commission's Euro 750 billion recovery fund, and other innovation funding vehicles, to transform Europe's economy and set it on course for climate neutrality by 2050. This report investigates and analyzes existing and future technologies across five core economic domains: energy, building and construction, transportation, food and land use. Capgemini Invent worked with over 100 eminent innovators, entrepreneurs, corporate strategists and policy makers, to identify the 55 high impact climate technologies most likely to deliver transformational results, at speed and scale. These 55 quests provide a balanced mix to energize and engage all areas of the European economy and regions. More than 200 individual projects were examined, each with differing levels of technological maturity, to assess their transformational potential and readiness for investment support and the resulting 55 choices have impacts in the five sectors summarised below. The building sector is one of the most significant sources of CO2e emissions in Europe. 28 billion square meters of floor space generates 1,100 MtCO2e (600 MtCO2e direct emissions, 500 MtCO2e for electricity) that must be cut down over 80% to just 200 MtCO2e by 2050. Of this, 430 MtCO2e in direct emissions come from Europe's 20 billion square meters of residential space. Our Building report looks at how automating and streamlining construction processes to deep renovation can help accelerate our delivery of net-zero emissions. Using fossil fuels has major drawbacks, not least that their combustion emits greenhouse gases. Also a considerable portion of energy is wasted, mostly heat in combustion processes, power plants and due to high-temperatures. Our Energy report looks at the solutions and projects to scale up towards the net-zero target, from new generation solar modules and bifacial panels to large-scale hydrogen production and combined solar generation, storage, and grid. Our report looks at the key challenges and the recommended technologies and projects to reducing the environmental impact of the whole agricultural value chain from farm to fork to cut down emissions by 20% in 2030 and 50% in 2050 to boost systemic change to reach net - zero emissions. Achieving a low carbon industry is of paramount importance, not only to reach the 2050 carbon neutrality target, but also to allow economic growth for EU companies and workers. Our report focuses on solutions for the steel and cement industries, responsible for 30% of emissions. Transportation in its many forms currently produces over 1,200 MtCO2e per year, 30% of total emissions in the EU. Liquid fossil fuels drive most air, marine, road and rail movements. Our Transport report looks at solutions for clean alternatives, supported by giga-scale battery and charging infrastructure from scaling up green c-liquid fuel production for aviation and long distance shipping to ammonia fueled vessels.
[en] This methodological guide aims at improving the synergy between electric power demand and supply in rural areas, notably in Sub-Saharan Africa. For each step, it identifies objectives, keys to success and activities to be undertaken. The various steps of action are how to study the context, the selection of locations and the development of population awareness, the selection of project holders, the collection of co-funding and equipment installation, and how to support and to follow-up actors.
[en] This article is a synthesis of a report published by the ADEME. As the President of the European Commission recently announced her intention to integrate a border taxing mechanism to the European market of emission quotas, the author reports a study of re-distributive effects that such a taxing of imported emissions would have, notably when it would be associated to redistribution measures. After a recall of definitions of concepts related to carbon accounting, the author discusses some data related to France's carbon print, notably the origin of French emissions (domestic or imported from different regions of the world), and also the specific case of French households (analysis in terms of revenue level). Then, he actually discusses the relationship between a border taxing and possible re-distributive effects.
Deliberation Nr 2020-318: deliberation of the Commission for the regulation of energy of the 17 December 2020 bearing project of decision of the price of use of public networks of electric power distribution (Turpe 6 HTA-BT). Deliberation Nr 2020-314: deliberation of Commission for the regulation of energy of the 17 December 2020 bearing project of decision on the price of use of public networks of electric power transport (Turpe 6 HTB)
[en] These two publications have the same structure, with some additional details in some paragraphs in one document with respect to the other. Thus, they both report the deliberation of the Commission regarding the detail of electricity pricing, and more particularly the price of use of public electric power grids (respectively distribution and transport networks). Each document presents the competencies of the Commission and the price elaboration procedure, proposes a detailed overview of the price regulation framework (principles, time planning, incentive to cost management, to service quality and supply continuity, to R and D and innovation). It defines charges to be covered and trajectories of evolution of the price of use of public electricity networks. It discusses the details of the structure of this price (stakes, maintenance of the previous structure, evolution of the current one). As far as this structure is concerned, some additional aspects are addressed in the case of distribution networks (generalisation of the option of four time ranges, self-consumption pricing) which are not addressed in the case of transport networks