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[en] The Dutch government is implementing ambitious energy and climate policy aimed at energy saving, renewable energy and CO2 storage. Two programmes play an important role: EnergyTransition and Energy Research Subsidy (EOS). In this annex you will read how EOS projects contribute to the EnergyTransition. This annex also contains the leaflet 'Energy in motion. From outline to successful implementation: All elements for a sustainable future'.
[nl]De Nederlandse overheid voert een ambitieus energie- en klimaatbeleid, gericht op energiebesparing, duurzame energie en CO2-opslag. Twee programma's spelen hierin een belangrijke rol: EnergieTransitie en Energie Onderzoek Subsidie (EOS). In deze bijlage leest u hoe EOS-projecten bijdragen aan de EnergieTransitie. Deze bijlage bevat ook de brochure 'Energie in Beweging. Van eerste idee tot succesvolle toepassing: Alle elementen voor een duurzame toekomst.'.
[en] The hydrogen is a clean and very efficient fuel, its combustion does not produce gases of greenhouse effect, ozone precursors and residual acids. Also the hydrogen produced by friendly energy sources with the environment like nuclear energy could help to solve the global problems that it confronts the energy at present time. Presently work fuel cycles of hydrogen production technologies in Mexico are judged, by means of a structured methodology in the concept of sustainable development in its social, economic and environmental dimensions. The methodology is divided in three scenarios: base, Outlook 2030 and capture of CO2. The first scenario makes reference to cycles analysis in a current context for Mexico, the second taking in account the demand projections reported by the IAEA in its report Outlook and the third scenario, capture of CO2, the technologies are analyzed supposing a reduction in capture costs of 75%. Each scenario also has four cases (base, social, environmental and economic) by means of which the cycles are analyzed in the dimensions of sustainable development. For scenarios base and capture, results show that combination nuclear energy- reformed of gas it is the best alternative for cases base and economic. For social case, the evaluated better technology is the hydraulics, and for environmental case, the best option is represented by the regenerative thermochemistry cycles. The scenario Outlook 2030 show a favorable tendency of growth of renewable sources, being the aeolian energy the best technology evaluated in the cases base and environmental, the hydraulics technology in the social case and in the economic case the reformed of natural gas that uses nuclear heat. (Author)
[en] This workshop provided a forum for industry experts, government agencies, and various other stakeholders to discuss issues related to small and medium hydro technologies. The aim of the workshop was to provide practical information related to the challenges and benefits of small and medium hydro development for designers, developers, and investors. Attendees discussed approvals procedures, regulations, and government policies related to small and medium hydro developments. An overview of small and medium hydro technologies in relation to the electricity sector was presented. Modelling packages for hydro design were reviewed, and recent technology innovations were discussed. Small and medium hydro projects in various countries were outlined. The workshop was divided into the following 3 sessions: (1) project approvals, (2) project approvals and project assessment, and (3) hydrokinetic power. The workshop featured 12 presentations, of which 3 have been catalogued separately for inclusion in this database. tabs., figs.
[en] The present Energy Balance is constituted of six chapters, as follows: the chapter 1 approaches the profile of the energy system, showing the structure of the Bahia state energy matrix i n the year of 2006, and the modifications occurred during the period of 1990-2006; the chapter 2 analyses the evolution during the period of 1990-2006 of the energy offer, according to the primary and secondary sources; the chapter 3 considering the energy sources and socialeconomic sectors, and also the brief analysis of the most important factors influencing the observed modifications along the considered historical series; chapter 4 focus the evolution of state energy self-sufficiency, confronting the primary energy production with the energy total demand; the chapter 5 contains the situation of the energy transformation centers of the Bahia state, highlighting the balance of the Landulpho Alves refinery and the selfproducers and the public service electric power plants; and the chapter 6 contains the consolidated matrixes expressed in terms of petroleum equivalent tons (TEP), for the year of 1980, 1985, and the period of 1990-2006
[en] This presentation will examine the direct application of nuclear energy solutions in the north, and remote areas of Canada. Further it will challenge the existing energy network based on the shipment of fossil fuels to remote areas, and examine the use of small, modular, and/or deployable nuclear plants in these communities. The use of these small reactors and some newly emerging technologies will likely provide a near total energy supply for these communities. In particular low grade heat processes, district heating, the 'local' production of motive fuels, and local food production will be examined. Additionally the economic and social impact of moving the value added side of many of these processes to the local communities will also be briefly discussed. (author)
[en] This paper describes the future of nuclear technology both nationally and internationally. The future direction involves nuclear fuels and advanced fuel cycles and reactor technology that includes co-generation i.e electric power, hydrogen and process heat as well as water reclamation.
[en] The Netherlands are relying heavily on covenants to realize a trend break in energy use and their related emissions. The question rises how effective these covenants really are, how their effectiveness relates to other instruments (such as taxes, regulation and grants) and if their effectiveness depends on the shaping of these covenants. This study answers all these questions based on an analysis of the theoretical and empirical literature and on own empirical research based on OECD data. The main conclusion of the study is that there is little to no evidence that these covenants are really effective.
[nl]Nederland heeft zwaar ingezet op het gebruik van convenanten om een trendbreuk in het energiegebruik en de daarmee verbonden emissies te bereiken. De vraag is echter of convenanten effectief zijn, hoe deze effectiviteit zich verhoudt tot andere instrumenten (zoals belastingen, regelgeving en subsidies) en of de effectiviteit samenhangt met de vormgeving van convenanten. Dit onderzoek beantwoordt deze vragen op basis van een analyse van de theoretische en empirische literatuur en door eigen empirisch onderzoek op basis van OECD data. De hoofdconclusie van het onderzoek is dat er weinig of geen bewijs is dat convenanten effectief zijn.
[en] This study focuses on the processes through which the rules and regulations that govern European electricity markets - and inherently, their integration process - are established. So far, European policy makers have largely followed a 'trial-and-error' approach to finding an appropriate regulatory mode (process) for dealing effectively with market integration issues. This unstructured approach to regulatory mode selection leads to several problems: - Today's trial-and-error strategy of shifting from one regulatory mode to another is time-consuming. - In the regulatory mode selection process, certain key principles of good governance are insufficiently considered. - European regulatory processes are experienced as vague, intransparent, and illegitimate by 'outside' stakeholders. This study develops a 'structured approach to regulatory mode decision-making' (STARMODE) based on the theory of decision modelling in policy management and a case study exploring three key market integration issues in the field of electricity markets: interconnector investment, congestion management and market transparency. The main objective is to present a systematic and comprehensive framework for analysing and improving regulatory mode decision-making in the context of the European Union, focusing on electricity market integration. The STARMODE approach is generally applicable to (and relevant for) European market integration issues in industries characterized by a natural monopoly and/or an essential service. The approach may also contribute to national regulatory mode decision-making and multi-state decision-making in other continents.