Results 1 - 10 of 15
Results 1 - 10 of 15. Search took: 0.032 seconds
|Sort by: date | relevance|
[en] This short note presents, first, the European Emissions Trading Scheme, its genesis, operation and goal. Then, it analyses the French case and its first national allocation plan, considered as too permissive, and finally, the perspectives and reform proposals for the next allocation plan.
NegaWatt scenario for a sober, efficient and renewable energy future - Release 1.2. Scoping sheet, negaWatt measure: Transports and negaWatt, the way towards a well managed mobility; For minimum energy performance thresholds on all electric appliances; Training actors of the building sector to energy savings; Energy regulation in buildings built prior to 1975; Communities and energy actors: for new deal of roles. The negaWatt manifesto/appeal for a sober, efficient and renewable energy future
[en] A first part presents the negaWatt approach (the name 'negaWatt' means an approach based on a non consumed energy) in terms of energy saving, energy efficiency, and renewable energies. It presents a scenario for the 2000-2050 period with its general hypotheses, and a reference trend-based scenario. It highlights how electric power is addressed by the scenario (production of renewable and non-renewable power) and presents and comments the main results with a comparison with the trend-based scenario. It does the same for mobility and for heat production (present situation and trend, scenario results). It outlines possible changes induced in France by a policy aiming at energy saving and efficiency. It more particularly outlines the benefits of this scenario in terms of risk reduction, no dead end, economic and social benefits, and ethics. Then, several sheets are proposed with, for each of them data and comments about the objective of the negaWatt associated measure, the context, the energy stake, various aspects of implementation, costs, impact on jobs, financing, interest, possible brakes, and a set of decisions asked to public authorities. These sheets deal with mobility, performance of electric appliances, energy saving in the building sector, the case of buildings built prior to 1975, the emergence of new relationships between communities and actors of the energy sector. A second document presents the scenario as a manifesto, with 23 structural, regulatory, financial, transport-related, building-related, electric appliance-related, renewable-related, heat-network-related and co-generation-related propositions.
[en] Renewable forms of energy exploited since time immemorial have now been reactivated by modern technology: the question is whether they are able to make any significant contribution to present-day energy supplies or merely serve as a back-up resource. It is to this and many other questions that the report by Mr Jean-Yves Le Deaut, Deputy for Meurthe-et-Moselle, President of the Parliamentary Office for the Evaluation of Technological and Scientific Choices (OPECTS), and Mr Claude Birraux, Deputy for Haute-Savoie, vice-President of OPECTS, attempts to find answers. The first chapter of the report deals with the following basic issues: 'for what, for whom and to what extent should renewable forms of energy be utilised?' The Rapporteurs take the view that renewable forms of energy can play a major role in giving some two billion people in developing countries access to energy and electricity. They can also make a substantial contribution in a country like France, not so much in electricity supply as in the home and for transportation. The second chapter discusses 'what priorities should be given in France to the different renewable forms of energy'. The Rapporteurs draw a fundamental distinction between those forms used for electricity generation and those employed for producing heat and fuel. In France, developments concerning wind power, the use of solar energy by photovoltaic and thermodynamic processes, and high temperature geothermal sources, represent a more important goal for industry and for exports than for supplying the domestic market. On the other hand 'thermal' solar power, heat pumps, bio-climatic dwellings and bio-fuels are of decisive importance to the French economy in terms of reducing dependency on imports as well as cutting emissions of greenhouse gases. Chapter 3 examines recent French policies and concludes that there is an urgent need to step up research into renewable forms of energy, to provide French industry with the means to develop and to cope with foreign competition and, finally, to embark on two ambitious incentive schemes, one entitled 'Face Sud pour des bio-toits intelligents' [Facing south: the intelligent roof], the other 'Terre-Energies pour des biocarburants independents' [Power from the land - an independent supply of bio-fuels].
[en] After a map indicating CEA centres related to nuclear weapons in France, this publication first proposes a job assessment in the nuclear weapon fabrication sector in France: personnel belonging to the DAM (Directorate of military applications) within the CEA, other personnel, global personnel assessment, DAM organisation in 2000. The next part analyses and comments DAM expenses, their nature, credits for the simulation program, credits in relationship with nuclear disarmament. The next part indicates highlights related to the recent activity of the CEA-DAM in its different sites (Valduc, Bruyeres-le-Chatel, Moronvilliers, Le Ripault, the Aquitaine centre for scientific and technical studies). It is finally outlined that the CEA is actually an instrument for nuclear proliferation
Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur regional energy observatory - Assessment 2002, Assessment 2003, Assessment 2004, Assessment 2005, Release 2007, Release 2008, Release 2009, Release 2010, Release 2011, Assessment 2011/Release 2012, Release 2013; Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur Energy, Climate and Air regional observatory - 2013-Release 2014, 2014-Release 2015, 2015-Release 2016, 2016-Release 2017
[en] Illustrated by graphs, maps and tables, this set of documents provides and comments (sometimes in a rather developed way for some issues, depending on the publication year), for years between 2002 and 2016, information and data related to regional energy consumption (in terms of consuming sector and in terms of energy source), energy production (from different sources: wood, coal, hydraulic, wastes, solar photovoltaic and thermal), greenhouse gas emissions, electric power production and demand (with a focus on some specific sectors). Issues addressed in these documents evolve in time as the concept of renewable energy emerged, as important consuming sector are identified (transports, buildings, for example), and also as the issue of energy saving is more precisely studied. Activities of the regional energy observatory are also mentioned. From 2013, issues related to climate and air quality are also addressed at the same level as power production, solar photovoltaic and thermal energy, wind energy, wood-energy, energy savings, energy prices, studies performed by the observatory, and issues related to transports
Basse-Normandie Energy and Climate Observatory - OBNEC: Renewable energy production and energy efficiency in Basse-Normandie (Situation 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 - Evolution 2004-2010, 2004-2011, 2004-2012, 2004-2013), Final energy production and consumption in Basse-Normandie (Situation 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 - Evolution 2004-2010, 2008-2011, 2008-2012, 2004-2014). Haute-Normandie Energy and Climate Observatory (Data 2012-2013), Haute-Normandie Climate-Air-Energy situation - Inventory of energies and of greenhouse gas and pollutant emissions (Reference year 2005 - Release 2011)
[en] With slight differences from on year to the other, these publications propose a regional synthesis of renewable energy production and energy efficiency, and overviews of renewable electric production by different sources, of renewable heat production by different sources, of biogas production, of a follow-up of the regional Climate-Air-Energy scheme (SRCAE), and of energy efficiency in different sectors for the Basse-Normandie region. Another publication proposes a renewable energy assessment for the whole Haute-Normandie region with a presentation of the territory, an overview of its electric power production and consumption, a presentation of its regional schemes, and an overview of the situation and evolution of the different renewable energies for the 2012-2013 period with a distinction between those producing electricity, those producing electricity and heat, and those producing heat. The next publications present maps, graphs and comments of results obtained by an energy inventory and an inventory of greenhouse gas and pollutant emissions. These results are first presented as a whole, and then for the industrial, the housing, the office building, the transport, and the agriculture sectors
[en] In view of the increasing difficulties facing the erection of new overhead electric lines in protected areas of our country, the question of placing high and very high voltage cables underground regularly comes up. The Rapporteur, Mr Christian Kert, reviews the situation regarding the underground siting of electric cables in France by comparison with the other European countries, describes some of the approaches now being used around the world and, having interviewed the research teams of the main electrical engineering and cable manufacturing firms, assesses the new technologies that should make it possible, through a properly programmed ordering policy, very substantially to reduce the cost of these operations in the years to come. The underground siting of high-voltage electric cables, that may sometimes be seen as no more than a rich country's whim, is in fact increasingly justified not only for protecting the environment or the health of the public, but for the safety of the electrical systems themselves.
[en] This guide first recalls some basic notions about landfill gas: presence of three gases in varying proportions (biogas, air, and volatile compounds), biogas composition, toxicity and explosiveness of the various landfill gas components, production mechanism and evolution in time of landfill gas composition. The next part proposes a large and discussed overview of the different objectives of landfill gas management: reduction of environmental impacts, safety and security of people and assets, compliance with regulatory requirements, to provide better conditions for biogas valorisation, long term performance of gas management. Different types of tools and methods are discussed for the study of landfill biogas management and production: calculations, measurements, controls and audits. The design and implementation of gas management systems is then addressed: equipment securing, general procedures, gas capturing, gas collection, gas processing and conditioning, analysis, measurement and control. The next part addresses issues related to exploitation: safety, maintenance organisation, control and command
[en] In 2000, logging companies logged and sold some 45.8 million cubic metres of timber (+ 27% compared to 1999). The increase was greater for logs (+ 38%) than for pulpwood (+ 17%). The total value of the harvest is estimated at 1.7 billion Euro (excluding tax). Foreign trade figures for 2000 show that our country exported a large part of the forced harvest without any added value, and our value-added deficit worsened. The storms emphasised the weakness of our forestry sector. (authors)
[en] This publication first outlines four main issues which should govern the definition of alternate propositions regarding the energy policy: energy is a vital need; access to energy is unequal for the world population; energy resources are being depleted; energy plays an important part in the equilibrium of our environment. Then, after having noticed that transports are responsible for the main part of greenhouse gas emissions, it discusses different energetic scenarios: business as usual (or heading for disaster), to respond to the ecological demand (to choose between nuclear plants and wind farms), a management of demand and of negative growth, a choice between energy markets and energy public services. Some objectives are defined: to reduce as quickly as possible the use of non-renewable energies, to promote energy saving and rational collective and individual choices, a better management of fossil energies while respecting the first objective, the right for an energetic independence based on the use of renewable energies for all countries, and to promote a European policy with technology transfer to and solidarity with developing countries. The article concludes by outlining the main objective (to safeguard the planet) while taking global, economic, geopolitical and ecological issues into account