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[en] The wholesale markets observatory aims to provide general monitoring indicators of electricity and natural gas in France. This observatory is updated on a quarterly basis and published on CRE's web site (www.cre.fr). A French version is also available. The first part of the report summarizes the highlights of the quarter. The indicators (main dates, key figures and Figures) are detailed in the second part.
[en] A key player in the energy transition, EDF group is an integrated energy company, active in all areas of the business: generation, transmission, distribution, trading, energy supply and energy services. As a global leader in low-carbon energy, the Group has developed a diversified generation mix based on nuclear power, thermal energy, hydropower and other renewable energies. This reference document presents: 1- Presentation of EDF group (History and development of the Company; Organisation of the Group; Group strategy; Description of the Group's activities; Legislative and regulatory environment; Research and development, patents and licences; Commercial properties); 2 - Risk factors and control framework (Risks to which the Group is exposed; Control of Group risks and activities; Dependency factors; Legal proceedings and arbitration; Insurance); 3 - Environmental and societal information - human resources (EDF's commitments in the area of sustainable development; EDF's Corporate Social Responsibility Goals; Other areas of the sustainable development policy; Further human resources considerations; Ethics, compliance, tax transparency; Sponsorship; Non-financial rating; Appendices and correspondence tables; Reporting system and methodology; Report by one of the Statutory Auditors, appointed as independent third party); 4 - Corporate governance (Corporate Governance Code; Members and functioning of the Board of Directors; Bodies created by Executive Management; Conflicts of interest, absence of convictions of the members of the administrative bodies and Executive Management, contracts for services; Share-holding by Directors and trading in EDF securities by corporate officers and executives; Compensation and benefits; Report by the Statutory Auditors, prepared in accordance with Article L. 225-235 of the French Commercial Code, on the Report of the Board of Directors on Corporate Governance); 5 - The group's performance in 2018 and financial outlook (Operating and financial review; Subsequent events; Changes in market prices in January and February 2019; Outlook); 6 - Financial statements (Consolidated financial statements; Statutory Auditors' Report on the consolidated financial statements; Financial statements; Statutory Auditors' Report on the financial statements; Table of results for the last five fiscal years; Dividend policy; Significant change in the financial or trading position; Information relating to the allocation of funds raised through Green Bonds issued by EDF); 7 - General information about the company and its capital (General information about the Company; Incorporation documents and articles of association; Information regarding capital and share ownership; Market for the Company's shares; Related-party transactions; Material contracts); 8 - Additional information (Person responsible for the Reference Document and the Certification; Auditors - Statutory Auditors; Documents available to the public - LEI; Financial communication calendar; Concordance tables; Glossary).
[en] The EDF Group brings together all electricity businesses, from generation to trading and networks. It is also a key player on the natural gas market. The Group delivers low-carbon solutions to its customers, reconciling economic development and climate protection. The leader in France and the UK, active in many European countries, and an industrial operator in Asia and America, the Group is recognized worldwide as a leading quality public service energy provider. This document brings together: the activity report of the Group (positions in Europe, industrial capabilities, business, finance, energy mix, innovation, customer and public service, new recruits, development of local economies, secure energy supplies and electricity systems, de-carbonised economy), the Group's profile and performance (key figures, results and investments, corporate responsibility, governance, operations around the world, other international activities and businesses, environmental and social indicators), the financial report (Consolidated financial statements, Statutory Auditors' report, Management report, Report by the Chairman of the Board of directors), the Group's sustainable development indicators (economic, environmental and social responsibilities). English and French versions complement each other
[en] The principal activities of EDF Energy Holdings Limited and subsidiaries together during the year continued to be the provision and supply of electricity and gas to commercial, residential and industrial customers, and the generation of electricity through a portfolio of generation assets including nuclear, coal, gas and renewable generation. The Group is also involved in the construction of nuclear new build assets. This document is EDF Energy group annual report for the year 2018. It includes: the Strategic report, the Directors' report, the Directors' responsibilities statement, the independent Auditor's report to the Members of EDF Energy Holdings Limited, the Consolidated income statement, the Consolidated statement of comprehensive income, the Consolidated balance sheet, the Consolidated cash flow statement, the Consolidated statement of changes in equity, the Notes to the consolidated financial statements, the Company balance sheet, the Company statement of changes in equity, and the Notes to the Company financial statements
[en] Climate change is the greatest challenge facing the world in the 21. Century. After a period of growing awareness, things are now starting to change. Citizens are beginning to make their voice heard, for example with the climate marches involving millions of people worldwide. Companies and regions are stepping up their initiatives with solutions - often very localised - to get the energy transition underway, which are having tangible and replicable results. Everywhere, it is becoming clear that we can lower our carbon footprint and care for the environment. EDF, is also taking positive action. As producers of low-carbon electricity, and providers of very low-carbon solutions to customers and regions, EDF is developing products so that everyone can be part of the energy transition, in their own lives, by adopting virtuous behaviour at home, at work, and on the move. EDF is helping new forms of mobility and new ways of producing and consuming electricity to emerge. Electricity can be a vector for sustainable growth and well-being. For EDF, combating climate change requires a two-pronged approach: energy efficiency and low-carbon energy. To achieve these goals, the first solution is to develop low-carbon electricity to replace the fossil fuels used by consumers, households and industry. This will be backed by other solutions, such as renewable heat. This belief forms the foundation of EDF's strategy, which is built around three aspects: innovation serving customers, low-carbon electricity and international expansion. This is perfectly consistent with the focus of the multi-year energy programme, which confirms that France will place greater emphasis on low-carbon electricity in which renewables will be increasingly present alongside a strong base of nuclear power. These clear signals allow EDF to roll out its own climate strategy entirely consistent with the country's targets. This brochure presents EDF's strategy to become an efficient and responsible electricity company championing low-carbon growth: means helping customers to consume less and better, means eradicating CO2, means promoting EDF's low-carbon model
[en] In September 2017, I4CE updated its database on carbon pricing policies. This panorama presents key trends regarding the implementation of explicit carbon pricing policies at the regional and national level in 2017. A timeline, a world map, a detailed table and a graph provide comprehensive information on the jurisdictions that have implemented or plan to implement explicit carbon pricing policies, the type of instrument chosen, the sectors covered, the pricing levels and the use of revenues. (authors)
[en] The basic orientation of the German energy supply towards the increased use of renewable energies with a simultaneous increase in energy efficiency, as laid down in the Federal Government's energy concept, continues to determine market development. This report provides an up-to-date overview of the German energy market in 2018, providing a concentrated compilation of the key data for the energy industry. As in previous years, the article not only summarises general facts about the energy mix, but also goes into detail on the development of the individual energy sources crude oil, natural gas, brown and white oil and natural gas.coal, nuclear energy and renewable energies. Price trends on the international markets and the development of greenhouse gas emissions in Germany are also explained.
[de]Die im Energiekonzept der Bundesregierung vorgegebene Grundausrichtung der deutschen Energieversorgung hin zur verstaerkten Nutzung erneuerbarer Energien bei gleichzeitiger Steigerung der Energieeffizienz bestimmt nach wie vor die Marktentwicklung. Vorliegend wird ein aktueller Ueberblick ueber den deutschen Energiemarkt 2018 gegeben, der eine konzentrierte Zusammenstellung der zentralen Eckdaten der Energiewirtschaft leistet. Wie in den Jahren zuvor fasst der Artikel nicht nur allgemeine Fakten zu Energiemix zusammen, sondern geht auch ausfuehrlich auf die Entwicklung der einzelnen Energietraeger Erdoel, Erdgas, Braun- und Steinkohle, Kernenergie sowie regenerative Energien ein. Ferner werden die Preistendenzen auf den internationalen Maerkten und die Entwicklung der Treibhausgas-Emissionen im Inland erlaeutert.
[en] EDF group is the world's leading electricity company and global leader for low-carbon energy production. Particularly well established in Europe, especially France, the United Kingdom, Italy and Belgium, as well as North and South America, the Group covers all businesses spanning the electricity value chain - from generation to distribution and including energy transmission and trading activities - to continuously balance supply and demand. A marked increase in the use of renewables is bringing change to its electricity generation operations, which are underpinned by a diversified and complementary energy mix founded on nuclear power capacity. EDF offers products and advice to help residential customers manage their electricity consumption, to support the energy and financial performance of its business customers, and to help local authorities find sustainable solutions This document summarizes the Group's profile, activities, financial and market data for 2018. The 2018 edition includes also: - A focus on the Group's six corporate social responsibility goals; - A zoom on the Multi-year energy plan in France; - The description of the implementation of CAP 2030 strategic plan projects: Solar Plan, Storage Plan, Electric Mobility Plan, Engagement for continuous CO2 emissions' reduction; - A detailed overview of the EDF Renewables ambitions.
[en] The aim of this research is to understand the role of socio-economic characteristics and individual preferences in explaining the energy performance gap in the residential sector. This gap reflects the difference between the theoretical energy consumption of homes assessed by engineering models and real energy consumption. Using the ratio of the two consumption amounts to measure the gap, we perform a quantile regression to tease out the effects of preferences on the entire distribution of the energy performance gap spectrum instead of focusing on the conditional average. As a result, this research provides an original contribution: depending on the direction of the gap, our findings suggest that significant drivers include individual preferences for comfort over economy, which explain up to 12% of the gap variability, and poverty. This context should serve as a reminder to public authorities regarding the issues of rebound effect and household welfare. (authors)
[en] The EDF Group brings together all electricity businesses, from generation to trading and networks. It is also a key player on the natural gas market. The Group delivers low-carbon solutions to its customers, reconciling economic development and climate protection. The leader in France and the UK, active in many European countries, and an industrial operator in Asia and America, the Group is recognized worldwide as a leading quality public service energy provider. This activity report is presented in the form of a set of articles about EDF's long term choices in power generation and distribution. Different aspects are addressed: Global issues (Global economy, EDF Group worldwide, International strategy, Finance, Sustainable development, Event, Society, Consumption); Analysis of long-term choices (Trade-offs, Networks, Electricity costs, Nuclear, Renewables, Nam Theun 2 hydro project, Fossil-fired power, Sales and marketing policy); Preparing the future (In the community, The regions, Responsibility, Cities for living, Tomorrow's energies, Smart grids); Human capital and talent development (Skills, Life in the workplace, Diversity); Executive Committee; Operating performance; Sustainable development indicators