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[en] Many European cities are already involved in sustainable local energy policies. Energy Cities has collected the good practices of European cities in this domain since 1995. This brochure presents an overview of European actions undertaken in the field of energy efficiency, renewable energies, cogeneration, urban mobility and transportation, and sustainable urban development. About 400 actions dispatched into 40 topics are reported in this catalogue.
[en] The issue of partnerships between public and private sectors is being debated in local authorities across Europe in all fields, including energy. It is clear that responses differ according to history, the traditional role of the public sector, the competencies of local authority staff, the degree of local autonomy, the level of financial resources, and whether there is an energy services market. The differences are already marked within Western Europe alone; they are even more pronounced with the entry of ten new countries into the European Union, and Europe-wide mutual aid is vital. This document gathers the presentations given at the 9. Annual Conference of Energy Cities on the topic of Local sustainable energy policies and Working in synergy with the private sector. Content: What can municipalities expect from their relations with the private sector? (Gerard Magnin); Working group 1, Performance contracting: Bulgarian municipalities use private capital for energy efficiency improvement (Kiril Vidolov); Contracting experiences in Swiss municipalities (Brigitte Dufour-Fallot, Thierry Dewarrat); Experience of contracting in the domestic sector (Tony Rose); Working group 2, Public procurement: Multi-coloured electricity (Anne Favatier); The Barcelona solar thermal ordinance: impacts in terms of market development (Toni Pujol). Working group 3, Urban planning and concessions: Influencing energy issues through urban planning (Dieter Woerner); Tendering for the supply of energy infrastructure (Edwin Van der Wel); Concessions and the guarantee of public service (Jean-Marc Revaz). Working group 4, Certificate schemes: Certificate schemes to influence RES and CHP in Wallonia (Gregoire Clerfayt); Towards white certificates in France (Francois Moisan). Working group 5, Towards practical guidelines, performance contracting: Moderator: Gerry Wardell, Dublin (IE) General advice on contracting issues (Michael Geissler); Voice from the floor (Don Lack). Working group 6, Towards practical guidelines, public procurement: General advice on purchasing electricity (Paul Isbell); General advice on influencing sustainable construction (Hauer). Working group 7, Out-sourcing awareness raising: Bringing together the local players (Michele Macaluso, Bartolomeo Sciannimanica); The municipal utility as a channel for energy advice (Vera Litzka); The 'Warm Zones' initiative (William Gillis); Working group 8, Promotion funds and schemes: Energy performance contracting to update a whole town (Ian Jarvis); The Partnership contract 'proKlima' as a model for successful cooperative climate protection (Manfred Goerg); Solar stock exchange (Bruno Bebie). A closer look at the activities of Energie-Cites (Christiane Maurer). Exchange Forum on each of the following topics: Performance contracting, Public procurement, Urban planning and concessions, Certificate schemes, Out-sourcing awareness raising, Promotion funds and schemes. Municipal buildings: Working together towards class 'A'. Public launch of Display, the Energie-Cites' European Municipal Buildings Climate Campaign, Project supported by the European Commission (DG ENV): The Display-Label (Jeremy Draper); Expectations and comments of the European Commission. European Directive Proposal on energy end-use efficiency and energy services (Gonzalo Molina-Igartua). Round table: How to achieve a successful win-win partnership with the private sector in the field of sustainable energy to the benefit of citizens and local authorities? Voice from the floor (Martin Cahn). Conclusion by the President of Energie-Cites.
[en] As part of the launching of the French Research and Experimentation Program on Energy in Buildings (PREBAT), the CGPC (Conseil General des Ponts et Chaussees) has identified in this study the various possible research and development themes on energy savings and energy substitutions in the building sector. This report establishes that the energy savings in existing buildings represent a much more important issue quantitatively than the reduction of consumption in future buildings, and that it is therefore necessary to pay particular attention in terms of R and D. There are techniques of insulation, heating and electrical apparatuses, which are economically and energetically very efficient, but which are far from having the place which they should have on the market. The use of biomass, already widely used in heating, could experience a much greater diffusion
[fr]A la demande de la DRAST, dans le cadre du lancement du Programme de recherche et d'experimentation sur l'energie dans les batiments (PREBAT), le CGPC a recense dans cette etude l'ensemble des themes possibles de recherche et de developpement sur les economies d'energie et les substitutions entre energies dans le domaine des batiments. Le rapport etablit que les economies d'energie dans les batiments existants representent un enjeu beaucoup plus important quantitativement que la diminution des consommations dans les batiments futurs, et qu'il convient donc d'y porter une attention particuliere en terme de R et D. Il existe des techniques d'isolation, chauffage et appareillages electriques, tres performantes economiquement et energetiquement, mais qui sont loin d'avoir la place qu'elles devraient avoir sur le marche. L'utilisation de la biomasse, deja tres employee en chauffage, pourrait connaitre une bien plus grande diffusion
[en] This report aims at grasping the reality of the air quality situation in Ile-de-France and of its improvement and impact on public health using the available emissions monitoring data. It presents a report of the enforcement of the Law of 30 December 1996 on Air and Rational Use of Energy and proposes some appropriate solutions for its improvement in particular in the transportation sector, in the choice of energy sources and through technological innovation in close consultation with industry
[en] Municipalities are directly affected by the liberalization of the energy markets. Because they all consume or even produce energy, whether it be for their own consumption or to resell it, they often distribute gas, electricity or heat, they plan urban areas and organize the energy networks on their territory, while in addition citizens expect municipalities to inform them and even protect them against the possible excesses of energy salesmen. Elected representatives administrations, local agencies, municipal companies, citizens' associations etc., all have to innovate. This supplement to Energie-Cites INFO is intended to provide you with practical information and further analyses of the liberalization process. (authors)
[fr]Le processus de liberalisation des marches energetiques interesse directement les municipalites. Parce qu'elles consomment de l'energie; qu'elles en produisent pour ellesmemes ou pour en vendre; qu'elles distribuent souvent du gaz, de l'electricite ou de la chaleur; qu'elles planifient l'espace urbain et organisent les reseaux sur leurs territoires; ou encore parce que les citoyens attendent des municipalites une information voire meme une protection contre les exces eventuels des vendeurs d'energies. Elus municipaux, administrations et agences locales, compagnies municipales, associations de citoyens, chacun doit innover. Ce Supplement d'Energie- Cites INFO presente des exemples concrets et des analyses du processus de liberalisation. (auteur)
[en] A first document presents and describes various aspects related to the development of wind energy. It presents the context and perspectives of wind energy in France, and the peculiarities of the Ardeche department. It indicates procedures to be applied, describes how to perform a study of the natural heritage (inventory and protection measures, hierarchy of sensitivity), how to perform a landscape diagnosis (approach, sensitivity criteria and levels, emblematic sites, remarkable landscapes, landscape entities, landscape sensitivity map). It presents the content of a typical recommendation notebook: site selection, project elaboration, operation follow-up, elaboration of impact studies, elaboration of the building permit, dialogue process. The second document is a brief guide for the development of wind energy in the Monts d'Ardeche area: history and methodology, local context, global scheme, synthesis map, landscape analysis, recommendations. The third document is a guide for the development of photovoltaic energy. Such a development is related to European and national objectives and policies. Market trends are overviewed, and the different possible integrations of panels to buildings are also overviewed. The importance of collaborative approaches is outlined as well as some important aspects of a project approach with its different dimensions (territory, landscape and architecture, technical-economic analysis, legal analysis). Potential resources of the Monts d'Ardeche park are briefly assessed. The last document presents the concept of wood energy (fuel shapes, principles, characteristics, equipment, heat network), and proposes and overview of the situation of the whole Ardeche department and of the more specific area of the Monts d'Ardeche regional natural park in terms of equipment, installed power, projects, potential resources, territorial diagnosis and actions to be implemented for different projects and areas
Atlas of the very-low-energy geothermal potential of the Centre region - Final report + Intermediate report + Cartographic and statistical study of specific flow rates of water drillings - Intermediate report n. 2a + Geometry and piezometric levels of the main aquifer formations - Intermediate report n. 2b
[en] A first report recalls some definitions (geology and aquifers in the Centre region, possible production flow rate, depth of aquifers and of piezometric levels, chemical characteristics of underground waters, sheet temperature), reports the study of the geothermal potential of aquifers, proposes a map of geothermal potentialities and a typology of buildings which may be heated by using geothermal energy. The second report proposes an overview of the French energy context and political tools, a general recall of geothermal energy (production situations and processes), the principles and implementation of heat pumps (on surface aquifer and on underground water), and a regional assessment (number of operations, underground water resources). The third report describes the geological and hydrogeological contexts of the Centre region (geological map, aquifer systems, alluvial systems, hydrogeological domains, aquifer overlapped formations), reports and discusses data related to surface aquifers, reports the determination of geological levels captured by the studied water drillings, reports a cartographic analysis and a statistical analysis of specific flow rates. Results are compared with those of previous studies, and synthesis maps are proposed. The fourth report describes the geometry of the main aquifer formations of the Centre region, and provides piezometric maps of water sheets located in different geological formations of the region