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[en] Whereas waste managers are looking for new ways to valorise their resources which are sometimes difficult to process, the emergence of pyro-gasification could be interesting for the development of projects. It offers a variety of technical solutions which can be adapted to local needs, but it still lacks public support and even a well suited regulation. These various solutions are briefly overviewed, and the energy valorization aspect is outlined
[en] This publication proposes the contributions to a congress on energy vectors for a decarbonized mobility. After introduction and opening speeches, the contributions addressed the following topics: the present context of mobility (consumptions, emissions and objectives; territorial and social stakes of mobility), new technologies at the service of mobility (introduction of the different energy vectors, focus on electric, hydrogen-based and bio-fuel-based vehicles as three important stakes of mobility), various energy vectors for various usages (life cycle analysis, the ambitions of GrDF in the deployment of NGV mobility in the PACA region, sustainable mobility at SAP), to accompany the change (policies in change management), and prospective at the heart of energy decisions
[en] After introduction and opening speeches, this document proposes several contributions presented during a congress on innovations and perspectives related to smart grids and to energy storage. A first set of contributions addressed innovations related to smart grid projects and to storage: overview of innovations and perspectives, present situation, present projects of three leader companies. A round table discussed future technologies. The second set of contributions addressed issues related to economy, regulation and international development: impacts of storage on the energy mix, the French plan for the implementation of energy storage, opportunities of Mediterranean collaboration for the coupling between renewable energies and storage, and how to make grids smarter. A round table discussed international perspectives for smart grids and energy storage
[en] This article outlines that Germany must redouble its efforts to reach its objectives of reduction of greenhouse gas emissions defined for 2030, and that renewable energies are already representing more than the half of the German energy mix whereas its energy transition is controversial. Thus, the author evokes the huge investments made since 2000, the ambitious program of development of renewable energies, that this development is said to be too slow regarding some aspects. While evoking the example of a village which is considered as a model as far as successful energy transition is concerned, current developments are mentioned regarding infrastructures, notably the important issue of reinforcement of the high voltage network, and ecological and economic issues. The last part more particularly addresses the strategic importance of a local photovoltaic panel production, and actions and supports to phase out coal mining and use
[en] A recent opinion poll shows that the most important topics for the French population are: poverty and precariousness (42%), purchase power (39%), health and quality of care (37%), environment (31%), and unemployment (30%). Nuclear power can answer all these priorities because of its reduced cost and its no-emission of greenhouse gases but in fact the assets of nuclear energy appear to be largely ignored by the public. Pro-nuclear people should insist on the positive effect of nuclear power on the preservation of the environment and particularly on climate warming which appears to be the future concern number one for all the segments of the population even if 30% of today's population deny the effect of humane activities on the climate. (A.C.)
[en] This methodological guide aims at improving the synergy between electric power demand and supply in rural areas, notably in Sub-Saharan Africa. For each step, it identifies objectives, keys to success and activities to be undertaken. The various steps of action are how to study the context, the selection of locations and the development of population awareness, the selection of project holders, the collection of co-funding and equipment installation, and how to support and to follow-up actors.
[en] This article is a synthesis of a report published by the ADEME. As the President of the European Commission recently announced her intention to integrate a border taxing mechanism to the European market of emission quotas, the author reports a study of re-distributive effects that such a taxing of imported emissions would have, notably when it would be associated to redistribution measures. After a recall of definitions of concepts related to carbon accounting, the author discusses some data related to France's carbon print, notably the origin of French emissions (domestic or imported from different regions of the world), and also the specific case of French households (analysis in terms of revenue level). Then, he actually discusses the relationship between a border taxing and possible re-distributive effects.
Deliberation Nr 2020-318: deliberation of the Commission for the regulation of energy of the 17 December 2020 bearing project of decision of the price of use of public networks of electric power distribution (Turpe 6 HTA-BT). Deliberation Nr 2020-314: deliberation of Commission for the regulation of energy of the 17 December 2020 bearing project of decision on the price of use of public networks of electric power transport (Turpe 6 HTB)
[en] These two publications have the same structure, with some additional details in some paragraphs in one document with respect to the other. Thus, they both report the deliberation of the Commission regarding the detail of electricity pricing, and more particularly the price of use of public electric power grids (respectively distribution and transport networks). Each document presents the competencies of the Commission and the price elaboration procedure, proposes a detailed overview of the price regulation framework (principles, time planning, incentive to cost management, to service quality and supply continuity, to R and D and innovation). It defines charges to be covered and trajectories of evolution of the price of use of public electricity networks. It discusses the details of the structure of this price (stakes, maintenance of the previous structure, evolution of the current one). As far as this structure is concerned, some additional aspects are addressed in the case of distribution networks (generalisation of the option of four time ranges, self-consumption pricing) which are not addressed in the case of transport networks
[en] A number of scientists and other professionals have pushed for nuclear energy, arguing it would help mitigate climate change. The scientists had gathered at the ICAPP 2019 congress in Juan-les-Pins, France, to sign a declaration. There were forty nuclear associations who demanded public investment in the nuclear sector as it has experienced almost stagnant public investment since 2000 (around $4 billion per year for nuclear research and development) and private players too have shown little interest. The scientists gave several reasons for the lack of enthusiasm among the private sector. These included mixed or negative political signals as well as electricity market designs that have had a negative impact on the business case for nuclear energy. They underlined new reactor technologies like small modular reactors, Gen IV reactors and new applications like desalination, district heating, process heat for industry and hydrogen production and emphasised on the need of resources for research and development. The meet also raised the issue of R and D infrastructure, which has become obsolete and needs to be renewed. The statement demanded doubling of public investment in nuclear-related R and D and innovation within the next five years, with a focus on innovative applications of advanced nuclear systems to enable the clean energy mix of the future.
[en] This report outlines the energy-related challenges that cities, particularly large and 'mega-cities', will face during the coming decades. It analyses the technical and policy actions that must be taken to meet these challenges and the role the energy industry and business can play in designing and implementing efficient solutions. The report is the result of a bottom-up process in which World Energy Council members carried out case studies on a comprehensive set of large to 'mega' cities, both in the developed and emerging world. It is complemented by an extensive literature study. An expanding number of large cities face significant energy-related challenges now and in the future. Technical and policy actions must be taken in order to meet these challenges. In this context, energy companies play a crucial role in the design and implementation of efficient solutions. The report studies the growth, development, and energy-linked issues of large cities; develops concepts for a secure and sustainable energy supply and distribution system, including transportation; and recommends norms and the necessary steps to ensure sustainability. Cities studied include Tokyo, Mexico City, Delhi, Toronto, Shanghai, Cape Town, London and Paris (a comparison), and the San Francisco Bay Area. The report contains data, facts, analysis, and proposals concerning: urbanisation and the challenges for a sustainable energy supply (Chapter 1); assessments of the potential and costs of innovative urban technologies (Chapter 2); and descriptions of the 'policy packages' aimed at overcoming the problems associated with cities (Chapters 3 to 5).