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[en] The HTR was brought to technical maturity during the last 15 years: AVR-reactor plant is operating since 1968; coolant outlet-temperatures of 950 °C have been succesfully demonstrated for many years by AVR. Apart from little R+D-effort, HTRs for electrical power and process steam generation can be built. But the long term strategic importance of HTR will be the real high temperature area, the task to reduce Germany's dependency on imported primary energy, especially crude oil and natural gas by refining our own reserves of primary energy. Our resources of ''dirty'' primary energy, hard coal and lignite, have to be converted into clean secondary energy carriers, as synthetic natural gas (SNG), methanol and hydrogen. This conversion has to be done with minimum environmental pollution. Conventional autothermal technologies of coal conversion are polluting the atmosphere to a remarkable extent.