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[en] Full text: Increasing costs and uncertainty over energy reliability means that nuclear energy is now viable in Australia. The nation is also woefully failing to meet the types of carbon reductions required by 2050 if we are to limit temperature rises to below 2 degrees centigrade. Twenty gigawatts of coal fired power plant capacity is reaching retirement over the next 25 years and this can be readily replaced with 1000MW nuclear power plants. The type of plants required to do the job are currently available and can be operated on the National Electricity Marker (NEM) alongside small modular reactors as and when they become available. There are large hurdles ahead. We have to get rid of legislation preventing the use of nuclear energy in Australia and we need to seriously address energy market design, carbon pricing and ensuring that variable renewable generators pay for the full costs of their deployment on the National Electricity Market. We need to work out how investing in capital intensive power plants that can last in excess of eighty years will be financed in a market that currently does not value low carbon emissions, reliability, capacity or long-term stability. These hurdles are not unique to Australia and in this presentation the results of energy models examined by the OECD in the USA will be discussed. Their findings point the way to nuclear energy being the most efficient dispatchable low-carbon generating source we have if we are to achieve the ambitious emission objective of less than 50 gCO2 per kWh rather than relying on wind and solar PV. Australia also needs to come to terms with the real problems of achieving effective emissions reductions with Variable Renewable Energy (VRE). These include the real problems of providing energy backup to VRE together with the falling utility factors that occur as we attempt to make deep emissions reductions. Modelling carried out in Australia using the EPC model designed by Dr Robert Barr has come to similar conclusions as those arrived at in the OECD reports. These results will be presented together with comparisons to the AEMO Integrated System Plan and deep Variable Renewable Energy scenarios. There will be a brief discussion of the types of nuclear power plants that are currently available. The presentation will end with a discussion of the “The five pillars” of sustainable low-carbon electricity markets as outlined in the recent OECD report - The Costs of Decarbonisation System Costs with High Shares of Nuclear and Renewables. (author)
[en] Ontario Power Generation (OPG) is Ontario's largest clean electricity generator. OPG's electricity output accounts for half of the electricity that powers Ontario homes, schools, hospitals and businesses, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. OPG Nuclear plays a major role in power generation, accounting for a combined 56% of OPG's total generation output in 2018 from the Pickering and Darlington Nuclear Generating Stations. This presentation will provide an overview of OPG Nuclear's current operating performance and key projects, such as the successes and challenges in the nuclear organization, industry leading innovations (isotope productions, Asset Management, X-Lab) and OPG's commitment to the future (Darlington Refurbishment, New Nuclear). From the above, OPG continues to provide low-cost power in a safe, clean, reliable and sustainable manner for the Province of Ontario
[en] For over 60 years, Canada has leveraged its nuclear leadership for significant strategic, economic, and scientific benefit. International engagement and nuclear energy are both under federal jurisdiction. Canada advances its international leadership through instruments and activities across several departments and agencies. Around the world, markets are signalling demand for smaller, simpler, and hybrid nuclear technologies and industry is innovating. Canada's Small Modular Reactor Roadmap (SMRs) as a source of safe, clean, affordable energy is opening opportunities for a resilient, low-carbon future and capturing benefits for Canada and Canadians
[en] Chalk River Canadian Nuclear Laboratories is the single largest science and technology laboratory in Canada. It has wide ranging programs in advanced nuclear fuels and materials research, radiobiology, radioecology and dosimetry, hydrogen and hydrogen isotopes management, nuclear safety, security and risk management, nuclear and systems engineering, nuclear chemistry applications. The big question is how do we partner to enable Canada’s long-term advantage? It could be achieved by building a global partnership ecosystem, inform international frameworks, attract and retain global talent and leverage cross-cutting technology programs
[en] This report provides a practical action plan and investment guide for policy makers and investors, to help stimulate economic transition at the speed and scale needed to avoid the worst effects of climate change. With its 55 actionable recommendations for financial support, it targets the utilization of the European Commission's Euro 750 billion recovery fund, and other innovation funding vehicles, to transform Europe's economy and set it on course for climate neutrality by 2050. This report investigates and analyzes existing and future technologies across five core economic domains: energy, building and construction, transportation, food and land use. Capgemini Invent worked with over 100 eminent innovators, entrepreneurs, corporate strategists and policy makers, to identify the 55 high impact climate technologies most likely to deliver transformational results, at speed and scale. These 55 quests provide a balanced mix to energize and engage all areas of the European economy and regions. More than 200 individual projects were examined, each with differing levels of technological maturity, to assess their transformational potential and readiness for investment support and the resulting 55 choices have impacts in the five sectors summarised below. The building sector is one of the most significant sources of CO2e emissions in Europe. 28 billion square meters of floor space generates 1,100 MtCO2e (600 MtCO2e direct emissions, 500 MtCO2e for electricity) that must be cut down over 80% to just 200 MtCO2e by 2050. Of this, 430 MtCO2e in direct emissions come from Europe's 20 billion square meters of residential space. Our Building report looks at how automating and streamlining construction processes to deep renovation can help accelerate our delivery of net-zero emissions. Using fossil fuels has major drawbacks, not least that their combustion emits greenhouse gases. Also a considerable portion of energy is wasted, mostly heat in combustion processes, power plants and due to high-temperatures. Our Energy report looks at the solutions and projects to scale up towards the net-zero target, from new generation solar modules and bifacial panels to large-scale hydrogen production and combined solar generation, storage, and grid. Our report looks at the key challenges and the recommended technologies and projects to reducing the environmental impact of the whole agricultural value chain from farm to fork to cut down emissions by 20% in 2030 and 50% in 2050 to boost systemic change to reach net - zero emissions. Achieving a low carbon industry is of paramount importance, not only to reach the 2050 carbon neutrality target, but also to allow economic growth for EU companies and workers. Our report focuses on solutions for the steel and cement industries, responsible for 30% of emissions. Transportation in its many forms currently produces over 1,200 MtCO2e per year, 30% of total emissions in the EU. Liquid fossil fuels drive most air, marine, road and rail movements. Our Transport report looks at solutions for clean alternatives, supported by giga-scale battery and charging infrastructure from scaling up green c-liquid fuel production for aviation and long distance shipping to ammonia fueled vessels.
[en] This methodological guide aims at improving the synergy between electric power demand and supply in rural areas, notably in Sub-Saharan Africa. For each step, it identifies objectives, keys to success and activities to be undertaken. The various steps of action are how to study the context, the selection of locations and the development of population awareness, the selection of project holders, the collection of co-funding and equipment installation, and how to support and to follow-up actors.
[en] This article is a synthesis of a report published by the ADEME. As the President of the European Commission recently announced her intention to integrate a border taxing mechanism to the European market of emission quotas, the author reports a study of re-distributive effects that such a taxing of imported emissions would have, notably when it would be associated to redistribution measures. After a recall of definitions of concepts related to carbon accounting, the author discusses some data related to France's carbon print, notably the origin of French emissions (domestic or imported from different regions of the world), and also the specific case of French households (analysis in terms of revenue level). Then, he actually discusses the relationship between a border taxing and possible re-distributive effects.
Deliberation Nr 2020-318: deliberation of the Commission for the regulation of energy of the 17 December 2020 bearing project of decision of the price of use of public networks of electric power distribution (Turpe 6 HTA-BT). Deliberation Nr 2020-314: deliberation of Commission for the regulation of energy of the 17 December 2020 bearing project of decision on the price of use of public networks of electric power transport (Turpe 6 HTB)
[en] These two publications have the same structure, with some additional details in some paragraphs in one document with respect to the other. Thus, they both report the deliberation of the Commission regarding the detail of electricity pricing, and more particularly the price of use of public electric power grids (respectively distribution and transport networks). Each document presents the competencies of the Commission and the price elaboration procedure, proposes a detailed overview of the price regulation framework (principles, time planning, incentive to cost management, to service quality and supply continuity, to R and D and innovation). It defines charges to be covered and trajectories of evolution of the price of use of public electricity networks. It discusses the details of the structure of this price (stakes, maintenance of the previous structure, evolution of the current one). As far as this structure is concerned, some additional aspects are addressed in the case of distribution networks (generalisation of the option of four time ranges, self-consumption pricing) which are not addressed in the case of transport networks
[en] The first guide proposes a presentation of the benefits and limitations of the climate-related assessment of the budget (a tool to be developed, justification of a budget analysis through the prism of climate, presentation of the method, limitations), describes how to assess the budget of a community from the standpoint of climate (principles, scope definition, mitigation methodological guide, general principles of the adaptation methodological guide, results and follow-up to be given to the climate-related assessment of the budget). The second document discusses the peculiarities of adaptation with respect to mitigation, presents the three proposed steps (identification of potentially structuring budget share and expenditures for adaptation, identification of those covered by the adaptation approach of the community, determination of the budget share and expenditures which are actually adapted to take impacts of climate change into account), and briefly presents results of the 'adaptation' assessment. A technical appendix proposes a review of various budgetary items, describes an extra-accounting analysis, and the item assessment, how to assess various lines (building, transport infrastructures, vehicle procurement and maintenance, roads, food, waste management, energy and fuel procurement, energy infrastructures, building and infrastructure maintenance expenditures, and so on), how to perform an additional transverse analysis, and presents some examples of the 'mitigation' process
[en] A number of scientists and other professionals have pushed for nuclear energy, arguing it would help mitigate climate change. The scientists had gathered at the ICAPP 2019 congress in Juan-les-Pins, France, to sign a declaration. There were forty nuclear associations who demanded public investment in the nuclear sector as it has experienced almost stagnant public investment since 2000 (around $4 billion per year for nuclear research and development) and private players too have shown little interest. The scientists gave several reasons for the lack of enthusiasm among the private sector. These included mixed or negative political signals as well as electricity market designs that have had a negative impact on the business case for nuclear energy. They underlined new reactor technologies like small modular reactors, Gen IV reactors and new applications like desalination, district heating, process heat for industry and hydrogen production and emphasised on the need of resources for research and development. The meet also raised the issue of R and D infrastructure, which has become obsolete and needs to be renewed. The statement demanded doubling of public investment in nuclear-related R and D and innovation within the next five years, with a focus on innovative applications of advanced nuclear systems to enable the clean energy mix of the future.