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[en] HES Potential Benefits: • Effective Integration of RES; • Overcome intermittency challenges; • NPP as beyond base load; • Enhanced efficiency; • Cogeneration application; • Infrastructure compatible product.
[en] Conclusions: • The GFR concept is attractive as it avoids the coolant handling issues associated with liquid metal-cooled fast reactors: - Helium chemically inert; - Excellent nuclear stability avoids activation of the coolant; - Transparent coolant permits simple inspection and repair. • GFR offers a high temperature heat source for high efficiency electricity generation and high-quality process heat. • The main technical challenges lie in the development of a high-temperature, high-power density fuel and in the development of robust decay heat removal systems.
[en] The 13. GIF-IAEA Interface Meeting was held in Vienna, Austria from 18-19 March 2019. The objectives of the Meeting were as follows: • Exchange information on the progress, status and future plans of activities related to RD&D and technology innovations of NES, including Gen IV reactors; • Monitor progress and update status of action items agreed in the previous interface meeting; and • Continue exploring new potential areas for cooperation, identifying action items and establishing priorities for further consideration.
[en] Last week, Japanese people had a so sad memory of day, March 11th, on the huge earthquake, tsunami, and 1F accident. So many people, more than 40,000, are still evacuated from their hometown due to the influence of the radio active materials released by 1F accident. Nuclear engineers and researchers, not only in Japan but over the world, thought again how the safety of nuclear is significant and our responsibility. Today, it is our great opportunity to discuss not only for safety but also sustainable and clean energy supply systems using nuclear, together with IAEA specialists and GIF members.
[en] Safety Design Guidelines Development: Fundamental safety principles and common safety goals for all Gen-IV systems. A set of criteria reflecting GIF safety approach to achieve harmonized safety requirements of SFR system. A set of guidelines on how to implement the design criteria and address SFR-specific safety topics. Domestic regulations for design of reactor core, cooling system, and other structures, systems, and components.
[en] Safeguards by Design (SBD): SBD is about establishing an early dialogue. The goal of this dialogue is to: • Foster an understanding of safeguards; • Take advantage of lessons learned; • Improve the effectiveness and efficiency of IAEA safeguards. Benefits will impact the designer, operator, State, and IAEA.
[en] PRPP Working Group Objectives: • Facilitate introduction of PRPP features into the design process at the earliest possible stage of concept development. → PRPP by design: • Assure that PRPP results are an aid to informing decisions by policy makers in areas involving safety, economics, sustainability, and related institutional and legal issues. “Generation IV nuclear energy systems will increase the assurance that they are a very unattractive and the least desirable route for diversion or theft of weapons-usable materials, and provide increased physical protection against acts of terrorism.”
[en] Outline of the presentation: • GIF organisation –governance; • Technical Secretariat organisation; • Update on GIF membership: - UK, new active member since January 2019; - Turkey’s bid to join GIF. • Update on status of R&D arrangements (systems, projects); • GIF publications: - 2017 Annual Report, R&D Outlook, Proc. 4th GIF Symposium; • Task Force activity: - TF on R&D infrastructures; - TF on E&T–webinars; - ITF on advanced manufacturing and materials engineering; • Next EG/PG meetings; • NEA recent activity on advanced reactors & electricity markets.
[en] Objective: • As a follow-up to PRADA, PROSA addresses the development of a “coordinated or harmonized” set of GIF and INPRO PROSA assessment tools. It will identify/define the interface of the PR and safeguard ability assessment tools of both approaches at their different levels of evaluation, in full consideration of the scope of their objectives, and examine the validity of a refined methodology by evaluating a mutually beneficial reference case. • A second objective is to inform the approach to revise the INPRO Methodology Sustainability Assessment in the area of Proliferation Resistance.