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[en] Businesses are an important part of the problem in promoting good nutrition outcomes but because they are so enmeshed in the food system they must form a big part of the solution to improved nutrition. They must be engaged to do so, with carrots and sticks. This talk outlines this argument and describes some of the incentives that are available to governments who have a duty to be proactive in helping businesses do more good things and fewer bad things. (author)
[en] Objective: In Argentina, chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) represent a relevant public health problem. Due to the importance to approach isotopic techniques at the service of the community, the aim was to conduct an evaluation of NCDs risk factors that included assessment of fat mass in adult population of Basavilbaso, located in the Province of Entre Rios, in support of the Project for the Protection of the Vulnerable Population against Chronic Non-communicable Diseases (PROTEGER) of the National Ministry of Health.
[en] The double burden of malnutrition (DBM) affects at least a quarter of all countries worldwide, with low and middle income countries bearing the greatest burden due to lack of capacity to tackle the problem. DBM connotes a complex situation where food insecurity, micronutrient deficiencies, undernutrition and infectious diseases, as well as overweight, obesity and related non-communicable diseases (NCDs) coexist in countries, communities and households, and even in the same individual. The purpose of the symposium is to strengthen understanding of how to tackle the DBM by sharing recent research findings as well as experiences with the implementation of relevant interventions, programmes and policies. The symposium will, in particular, highlight the role of stable isotopes in addressing gaps both in the measurement of malnutrition and in assessing the impact of interventions. The symposium aims to identify double-duty actions, new assessment tools, considerations for policies and action plans to support Member States in achieving their defined nutrition commitments within the Nutrition Decade.
[en] Measuring the implementation of food policies by governments, the nutrition commitments and performance of food companies, and changes in the food environments are critical ‘upstream’ components of monitoring for accountability for improved nutrition. The International Network for Food and Obesity/NCD Research, Monitoring and Action Support (INFORMAS) has developed the monitoring protocols that are being implemented in over 30 countries. It is essential for civil society and academia to place themselves within the accountability systems for action on nutrition as one way of overcoming the policy inertia that is stalling better progress on nutrition. In several countries, academic and civil society groups are being supported by philanthropies to increase the demand for food policy action and the INFORMAS tools are a vital component of the evidence base policy justification and evaluation. Upstream indicators of policy action need to be incorporated into the UN/WHO monitoring systems for improved nutrition. (author)
[en] Background/Objectives: Equations for predicting body composition are population-specific. The aim of this study is to cross-validate prediction equations previously published for the prediction of body composition using the deuterium oxide dilution (D2O) technique.
[en] Undernutrition mainly occurs in vulnerable groups but poor dietary habits, lifestyle and food environment led to obesity among young children and adolescents that is recognised as one of the major public health challenges in both entities of Bonia and Herzegovina. In Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina entity 2% of children under five are underweight 2.6% wasted and 9.9% of children stunted but 17.7% are oveweight. In Republic of Srpska only 0.5% of children under five are underweight while 20% are overweight. Assessmentn of body composition using nuclear techniques is a useful tool for generating accurate information on adiposity and thus can contribute to better understanding and shaping strategies to counteract obesity as well as to evaluation of existing and new interventions.
[en] Objective: The present study presents the results of breast milk fatty acid composition in Egyptian women delivered at term and prematurely and the omega-6 to omega-3 ratios. Materials and Methods: Lactating mothers belonging to two ethnic groups and were attending public hospitals in Giza and Sohag. The collection of mature milk samples and the gas chromatographic analysis of the fatty acids were completed under standard conditions.
[en] Full text: This paper aims determine the relationship between national income and income distribution indicators and malnutrition statistics in selected African countries. It follows a simple analysis of a static relationship between national income and income distribution and obesity/overweight and undernutrition. The relation between national income and malnutrition statistics is as expected. Countries that have higher income tend to have higher prevalence of obesity/overweight. The opposite relationship holds for undernutrition. Countries with higher income tend to have lower levels of undernutrition. However, this relationship is not very strong, with a correlation coefficient of less than 50% in both cases. This is because higher income does not guarantee good nutrition and that there is friction in the response of undernutrition to growth in GDP. As such, it is important to lobby governments to mainstream food and nutrition security in other initiatives that increase national income, especially as part of meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the UN. This will ensure that high national income translates to reduction in malnutrition prevalence. (author)
[en] With promotion of physical activity becoming a public health priority, it is critically important that researchers and practitioners have access to precise and yet practical instruments to measure physical activity behaviour. Valid and reliable measures of physical activity are a necessity in studies designed to: 1) document the frequency and distribution of physical activity in defined population groups, 2) determine the amount or dose of physical activity required to influence specific health parameters, 3) identify the psychosocial and environmental factors that influence physical activity behaviour in youth, and 4) evaluate the efficacy or effectiveness of programs to increase habitual physical activity. This presentation will provide an overview of the measurement tools available for assessing physical activity behaviour in young people. A conceptual framework for assessing physical activity and sedentary behaviour will first be presented. Relevant self-report and objective methods used to measure physical activity will then be described, along with the advantages and disadvantages of each method. The presentation will conclude by outlining global efforts to collect physical activity data in young people and identifying priorities for future research. (author)
[en] Background: Excess weight is a public health problem in Argentina. BMI is used to evaluate overweight and obesity in national surveys.Taking into account that WHO defines obesity as an excessive fat accumulation that may impair health, its evaluation gained special significance as an associated risk factor Previously, we observed high variability of fat mass in children when using different prediction equations obtained elsewhere. After receiving technical capacity during IAEA regional projects, we had the opportunity to assess fat mass in the community by isotopic dilution reference method.