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[en] A brief summary of Swedish research and development work on the utilization of plutonium is presented. As a background, plutonium production from Swedish reactors in the years 1970 - 1980 has been estimated, based on an actual forecast for installed nuclear capacity during the same period. (author)
[en] The purpose of this report is to present a compilation of the major programs in the United States on plutonium utilization in thermal reactors. This compilation is to serve as basis for discussion by the compiler representing the United States on the Panel on Plutonium Utilization to be held by the International Atomic Energy Agency, September 2-6, 1968.
[en] The importance for Pu-recycle for Germany lies in the specific fuel supply-situation. Pu-containing fuel is still made under relatively severe cost penalties. By optimisation of fuel distribution in light water lattices and by optimised fabrication technique this problem can be solved. Different fabrication routes are compared in their relative merits. The present status of the recycle Program in Germany is outlined. (author)
[en] This paper reports about the main activities performed or under way in Italy in the field of plutonium utilization by ENEL (Italian State Electricity Agency) and CNEN (National Committee for Nuclear Energy).
[en] Nuclear power generating capacity in Japan (mainly based on light water moderated concepts) is projected to be 6 000 MWe in 1975 and 30 - 40 000 MWe in 1985. This poses two main problems: (a) Fuel requirement will be 13 000 tonnes of U3O8 by 1975 (cumulative). (b) Cumulative Pu production will be 3 tonnes by 1975 and 15 tonnes by 1980.
[en] In 1966, EEI entered into plutonium development and utilization programs with Atomic Power Development Associates, General Electric, and Westinghouse. The APDA effort was a part of their total program to demonstrate the performance and operating characteristics of a PuO2-UO2 fuel in a commercial size fast breeder reactor. The General Electric and Westinghouse efforts were the first phases of total programs that would lead to commercial loadings of plutonium-bearing fuels in large Boiling water and pressurized water reactors, respectively. Phase I of each of these three programs has been completed at a total cost to EEI member companies of about $600,000.
[en] A short description is given of the existing research and development facilities in Germany and the main directions of activity therein. Special consideration is given to the German fast breeder project. The industrial program around fast and thermal reactors is mentioned as far as plutonium-containing fuel is concerned. Plutonium available in Germany and the potential development of its price within the next years is outlined.
[en] The various aspects of the long-term utilisation of plutonium have been discussed in this paper. At first the availability of plutonium on the basis of different reactor strategies on a national level and the question of an open or closed market for plutonium have been analysed. On the basis of these data the plutonium equivalence values for the thermal converters and fast breeders have been established and used, to show the plutonium price mechanism with a mathematical system based on theory of games. Some specific examples have been given with the data of German nuclear industries to show the use of these methods and in order to give some realistic forecasting. (author)
[en] This paper summarises the work done in India in the field of physics and economics of plutonium utilization. Plutonium recycle was considered in Tarapur Atomic Power Project and Rajasthan Atomic Power Project and the results obtained are presented in this paper. A short description of the plutonium laboratory being constructed in India i s also presented. (author)
[en] Plutonium utilization in power reactors is important for a number of reasons. Firstly, very large quantities of this element are being produced as a by-product in the power reactors operating today and the amount produced will go on increasing with the installed capacity. It is estimated that with the projected growth of nuclear power civilian nuclear power plants in the world will produce in 1980 more than 70 tonnes plutonium per annum, the contribution of the USA being about 36 tonnes a year. Pu-239 and Pu-241 being excellent fissile materials the use of Pu will increase the available supply of fissionable material and permit better utilization of fertile material.