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[en] The passage of the NWPA of 1982 was a beneficial legislative miracle and provided the first opportunity to resolve the issues surrounding permanent disposal of HLW in the United States. Funding, organization, and time tables are now established. Opposing litigations are increasing, but high-quality technical data will help to limit excessive delays from future litigations. The DOE has developed a Waste Acceptance Process that will help to build public confidence and support. Public awareness and general approval of HLW disposal will be aided greatly by sound practices and high-quality technical information. A continuing re-education program in the decades ahead will be needed to assure support for and the success of HLW disposal. 5 refs., 1 fig
[en] The Environmental Regulatory Update Table provides information on regulatory initiatives of interest to DOE operations and contractor staff with environmental management responsibilities. The table is updated each month with information from the Federal Register and other sources, including direct contact with regulatory agencies. Each table entry provides a chronological record of the rulemaking process for that initiative with an abstract and a projection of further action
[en] The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 defined the process and schedule leading to construction of a nuclear repository available to accept commercial nuclear waste by 1998. The significance of the efforts reported in this paper are that technical staff become equally convinced of the merit of scheduling when time permits, or magnitude requires, that they be intimately involved in the scheduling process. This particular project was also unique in the variety of technical disciplines forced to interact in order to determine schedule constraints between groups. This required a strong and experienced task force to bring the groups together, promulgate the technical principles of the scheduling methodology, and distill the proper logic. Finally, it was a necessity to be end-date constrained, and this required that management mandate realistic scopes of work as well as aggressive assumptions regarding durations of certain critical path activities
[en] After consideration of bill S. 2800, a bill to amend the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 with respect to the Office of Nuclear Waste Negotiator and the Monitored Retrievable Storage (MRS) Commission, the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources reported favorably on the bill and recommended its passage. This bill would establish the Office of Nuclear Waste Negotiator as an independent establishment in the executive branch and would extend the deadline for submission of the MRS report from 1 June 1989 to 1 November 1989. The background and need for the bill, its legislative history, and the voting positions of Committee members regarding the bill are all included
[en] This presentation reviews current and proposed standards, recommendations, and guidances for limiting routine radiation exposures of the public, and estimates the risk corresponding to standards, recommendations, and guidances. These estimates provide a common basis for comparing different criteria for limiting public exposures to radiation, as well as hazardous chemicals
[en] Article 122 of the Atomic Energy Act sets forth that 'executives and employees of an agency engaged in an entrusted work or its associated specialized agency, in the application of any punishment as per the Criminal Act or other laws, shall be regarded as civil servants,' stipulating that the scope of legal fictions to assume such persons are civil servants should be applicable to any punishment as per the Criminal Act or other laws. Accordingly, the executives and employees of an entrusted agency or its associated specialized agency are subject to the punishments not only for acceptance of graft but also for dereliction of duty or divulgence of classified information. In addition, they are also subject to increased punishment in accordance with other laws, for example, such special laws as Law Concerning Increased Punishment for Specified Crimes and Law Concerning Increased Punishment for Specified Economic Crimes
[en] The Atomic Energy Act has been amended 22 times since its enactment on March 11, 1958. It was only once wholly amended by 1982.4.1 and the other amendments were partly done. So, there are many problems with its systematic structure, contents, expressing way, etc
[en] With the 17th AtG amendment (BT-Drs. 19/27659) passed by the Bundestag on June 10, 2021, the legislature is attempting to resolve the existing dilemma between the protection required by nuclear law against disruptive measures by third parties and the limited legal control of those measures directed against such dangers. However, it is questionable whether the intended readjustment of the #Quotation Mark#safeguards#Quotation Mark# in the Atomic Energy Act has been successful in all respects.
[de]Mit der vom Bundestag am 10. Juni 2021 beschlossenen 17. AtG-Novelle (BT-Drs. 19/27659) unternimmt der Gesetzgeber den Versuch, das bestehende Dilemma zwischen dem atomrechtlich geforderten Schutz vor Störmaßnahmen Dritter und der eingeschränkten Rechtskontrolle der gegen solche Gefahren gerichteten Maßnahmen zu entschärfen. Es ist aber fraglich, ob die beabsichtigte Neu-Justierung der #Quotation Mark#Sicherung#Quotation Mark# im Atomgesetz in allen Punkten gelungen ist.
[en] The DOE has developed a program for providing Federal Interim Storage servies for spent nuclear fuel which complies with the requirements of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982. Although very little constructive activity in providing storage facilities can be undertaken by DOE until fuel has been certified by NRC as eligible for FIS, DOE planning and background information is such as to provide reasonable assurance that its obligations can be fulfilled when the required certifications have been issued. A fee structure providing fuel recovery of all costs associated with the FIS program, as required by the Act, has been developed. It provides for an equitable distribution of costs among users, based on the quantity of fuel requiring storage
[en] In Korean Atomic Energy Act, regulatory requirements are named as 'Technical Standards'. Technical standards are promulgated as Ministerial Ordinance(No.31 and No.30) and Notices of MOST. Notices is administrative regulations which provide technical requirements and detailed procedures on the basis of the articles of the Atomic Energy Laws. KINS has made much efforts to develop technical standards, for development of the standards and improvement of hierarchy of the standards to cope with the international rules and practices. In this paper, current status and prospect on development of nuclear technical standards which are promulgated as Notices in the area of nuclear facilities and radiation safety are discussed