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[en] Present article is devoted to quantitative study of complex of various pectins with concentrate of whey protein by spectrophotometry and capillary electrophoresis method. The quantity of bound protein has been defined. The characteristics of complexes of whey protein concentrate with sunflower pectin at ph 5.5 has been determined.
[en] Although a well known barrier effect against the penetration of macromolecules exists at the basement membrane region of epithelial tissues, recent reports suggest that the penetration of smaller molecules may be impeded by this region. Considering the probable importance of the permeability of gingival crevicular tissues in the etiology of inflammatory periodontal disease, the present study was designed to evaluate the barrier function of the basement membrane region of non-keratinized oral mucosal epithelium to a series of radiolabelled penetrating molecules of increasing molecular weight. Tritium labeled inulin (Mw 5,000), dextran 20 (Mw 20,000) and dextran 70 (Mw 70,000) were used as penetrating molecules, and autoradiographic tracer techniques were used to evaluate the barrier function. The study was conducted in vitro to eliminate vascular ''wash-out'' effects and to facilitate study of penetration across the basement membrane region in both directions. The results indicated that although the penetration of inulin and dextran 70 was impeded by the basement membrane region, the penetration of dextran 20 was not affected. Therefore, the barrier function of the basement membrane region is not solely dependent on the molecular weight of the penetration molecule. Mechanisms to account for the findings are described and the significance to periodontal disease is discussed. (author)
[en] A novel method for quantitative lateral force measurement (LFM) calibration has been developed. Using a single-molecule spectroscopy approach it is possible to calibrate the AFM levers for both lateral and normal spring constants with a single image scan. Moreover, our method does not involve tip modifications. Dextran molecules were chosen for testing our calibration procedure due to their characteristic plateau feature in the force–elongation curve which enables an easy identification of single-molecule stretching events. Using a non-standard (tilted) geometry of AFM scanning, it is possible to observe different components of the stretching force on both normal and lateral force signals. These signals can be further compared to the values obtained by standard (normal) spectroscopic measurements. The values of the normal spring constant obtained with our method are in good agreement with the results obtained from the method exploiting the energy equipartition theorem. The statistical analysis shows that the approach proposed in our paper gives reproducible results of the lateral sensitivity with a relative standard deviation less than 15%. (paper)
[en] The article is described the sedimentation measurements of a number of apple pectin's molecular weight using only sedimentation diagrams through computer program. This approach has good readability and some advantages over others
[en] Present article is devoted to output kinetics of piroxicam from emulsion microcapsules based on high methylated pectin and lactoglobulin of whey in experiments vitro. The dependence of piroxicam output on time at various mole ratio was studied.