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[en] The purpose of this text is to train engineers and technologists not just to understand corrosion but to control it. Materials selection, coatings, chemical inhibitors, cathodic and anodic protection, and equipment design are covered in separate chapters. High-temperature oxidation is discussed in the final two chapters ne on oxidation theory and one on controlling oxidation by alloying and with coatings. This book treats corrosion and high-temperature oxidation separately. Corrosion is divided into three groups: (1) chemical dissolution including uniform attack, (2) electrochemical corrosion from either metallurgical or environmental cells, and (3) stress-assisted corrosion. Corrosion is logically grouped according to mechanisms rather than arbitrarily separated into different types of corrosion as if they were unrelated. For those university students and industry personnel who approach corrosion theory very hesitantly, this text will present the electrochemical reactions responsible for corrosion summed up in only five simple half-cell reactions. When these are combined on a polarization diagram, which is also explained in detail, the electrochemical processes become obvious. For those who want a text stripped bare of electrochemical theory, several noted sections can be omitted without loss of continuity. However, the author has presented the material in such a manner that these sections are not beyond the abilities of any high school graduate who is interested in technology
[en] This book is designed for the reader who has a basic knowledge of corrosion processes but who needs more practical, specific information on combating metallic corrosion in soils. The introductory chapter briefly explains the soil corrosion problems that currently face us and explains why they have increased so rapidly in importance. The two following chapters deal with soils - their properties and variations - so that estimates of soil corrosivities can be made. The next chapters discuss the types of corrosion most commonly found in soil, with particular emphasis on the most serious corrosion problems: stress corrosion cracking, stray currents, and microbial corrosion. The last half of this text, Chapters 10 through 13, covers ways to prevent or stop corrosion, with cathodic protection being the most used and consequently the method given the most emphasis. Readers of this book will gain an understanding in how to tackle their problems, along with a knowledge of the extensive support available to them in the way of modern test instruments and protection equipment
[en] Highlights: • Corrosion properties of friction welded dissimilar aluminum alloys seem to be governed by the anode part in the weld. • Intense corrosion near the interface has the limited region due to insufficient ionic transport. • Self-formation of a micro-galvanic cell is a main reason for the inferior corrosion performance. - Abstract: Corrosion behaviors of the friction welded dissimilar aluminum alloys were investigated to understand how galvanic effect plays a role in altering corrosion properties of the dissimilar weld. From the fact that the weld had the similar OCP value to that of AA2017, it can be inferred that the corrosion characteristics of the weld is under the control of the AA2017 part in the weld and as a result, only the AA2017 part in the weld had experienced severe corrosion, leaving AA6063 under cathodic protection. Intense corrosion occurring near the interface implies that the area near the interface is placed under the effect of galvanic corrosion and there was the effective distance where the galvanic effect exerts an impact due to the increase in the resistance of the electrolyte with the distance from the interface. The disappearance of Warburg diffusion plot in Nyquist plots for the weld seemed to be the breakdown of the passivation layer related to the formation of the micro-galvanic cell, which in turn presented the shrinkage in the capacitance response, indicating that charge reactions in the form of corrosion occurred.