Results 1 - 10 of 4899
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[en] The behavior of an electrochemical integrator based on a solid electrolyte is studied in the galvanoharmonic charging mode. The possibility of applying simpler and more graphic calculation techniques and separating the impedance of electrochemical systems into active and reactive components is shown. The plotting of the dependences of the active and reactive impedance components on the ac frequency is used to determine the parameters of the studied equivalent electric cuircuits.
[en] Authors describe the study of the functioning of the gas phase electrochemical oxygen sensor with a solid oxygenated electrolyte under conditions which emulate process of hydrogen regeneration of circulation loops of perspective reactors with heavy liquid metal coolants
[ru]В работе изучены работы твердо-электролитного датчика кислорода в газах в условиях, имитирующих процессы водородной очистки циркуляционных контуров перспективных РУ с тяжелыми жидко-металлическими теплоносителями
[en] Ionic and molecular electronics relate to the field of science and technology, which deals with the theory and development of electrochemical converters. The possibility in principle to develop discrete-action solid electrolyte integrators whose functional, technical, and operating characteristics meet the basic requirements to the operation in the charge setting-read mode. The possibility of creating an analog integrator (with continuous charge reading) of the basis of a solid electrolyte with a linear voltage-current characteristic in the range 0+100 mV was evaluated.
[en] Although electrochemical stability is an essential factor in relation to the potential applications of ionic clathrate hydrates to solid electrolytes, most studies regarding the proton conductors have focused on their ionic conductivity and thermal stability. Solid electrolytes in various electrochemical devices have to endure the applied potentials; thus, we examined the linear sweep voltammograms of various tetraalkylammonium hydroxide hydrates in order to shed light on the trend of electrochemical stability depending on the hydrate structure. We revealed that the electrochemical stability of Me4NOH hydrates is mainly affected by both their ionic concentration and cage occupancy. In particular, the true clathrate structures of β-Me4NOH hydrates are more electrochemically stable than their α-forms that possess partially broken hydrogen bonds. We also observed that the binary THF–Pr4NOH and pure Bu4NOH clathrate hydrates exhibit greater electrochemical stability than those of pure Me4NOH hydrates having lower or similar ionic concentrations. These results are considered to arise from the fact that each of the Pr4N+ and Bu4N+ ions occupies an extended space comprising four cages, which leads to stabilization of the larger unit, whereas a Me4N+ ion is completely included only in one cage
[en] All-solid-state Li-ion batteries based on ceramic solid electrolyte materials are a promising next-generation energy storage technology with high energy density and enhanced cycle life. The poor interfacial conductance is one of the key limitations in enabling all-solid-state Li-ion batteries. However, the origin of this poor conductance has not been understood, and there is limited knowledge about the solid electrolyte–electrode interfaces in all-solid-state Li-ion batteries. In this paper, we performed first principles calculations to evaluate the thermodynamics of the interfaces between solid electrolyte and electrode materials and to identify the chemical and electrochemical stabilities of these interfaces. Our computation results reveal that many solid electrolyte–electrode interfaces have limited chemical and electrochemical stability, and that the formation of interphase layers is thermodynamically favorable at these interfaces. These formed interphase layers with different properties significantly affect the electrochemical performance of all-solid-state Li-ion batteries. The mechanisms of applying interfacial coating layers to stabilize the interface and to reduce interfacial resistance are illustrated by our computation. This study demonstrates a computational scheme to evaluate the chemical and electrochemical stability of heterogeneous solid interfaces. Finally, the enhanced understanding of the interfacial phenomena provides the strategies of interface engineering to improve performances of all-solid-state Li-ion batteries.
[en] We fabricated electrochemical metallization cells using a GaLaSO solid electrolyte, an InSnO inactive electrode and active electrodes consisting of various metals (Cu, Ag, Fe, Cu, Mo, Al). Devices with Ag and Cu active metals showed consistent and repeatable resistive switching behaviour, and had a retention of 3 and >43 days, respectively; both had switching speeds of <5 ns. Devices with Cr and Fe active metals displayed incomplete or intermittent resistive switching, and devices with Mo and Al active electrodes displayed no resistive switching ability. Deeper penetration of the active metal into the GaLaSO layer resulted in greater resistive switching ability of the cell. The off-state resistivity was greater for more reactive active metals which may be due to a thicker intermediate layer. (paper)
[en] The 10 cm x 10 cm active area membrane electrode assembly (MEA) has been fabricated by adopting two routes, i.e., catalyst-coated membrane (CCM) and catalyst-coated support (CCS). In CCM method, the catalyst is directly applied on the Nafion membrane while in CCS method, catalyst is applied on support (GDL). The catalyst layer was prepared by nano-sized platinum on carbon particle, the ionomer material of the membrane and a solvent that allows the catalyst to behave like ink. The catalyst slurry was applied on the membrane, hot-pressed the sandwich of GDL and catalyst-coated Nafion membrane to form a single unit which behaves as electrodes. The primary tests regarding the efficiency of indigenously-fabricated MEAs have been carried out successfully. The performance of MEA with respect to continuous operation for long hours from the standpoint of proper functioning was also checked. A maximum power of 13 watt was obtained. (author)
[en] Solid oxide electrolyte fuel cell generators which are operable to reform in-situ a gaseous medium and to utilize the products of the reformation as fuel. A portion of the reformation preferably occurs along an electrochemically inactive extension of each fuel cell