Results 1 - 10 of 97371
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[en] The effect of charged particle diffusion on excitation temperature was investigated theoretically, assuming that the diffusion processes are ambipolar and that the charged particles return to the plasma in the form of ground state atoms, after recombination at the plasma boundary. An approximate expression was obtained by solving a set of balance equations for the excited state atom densities. It shows that, with increase of the plasma pressure, the excitation temperature rises and approaches the electron temperature. It was found also that, as the electron density increases, the diffusion effect on the excitation temperature diminishes. A criterion was obtained which should be satisified so that the excitation temperature may be in agreement with the electron temperature. The theoretical results of this paper are in good agreement with experimental results. (author)
[en] Regularities in changes of rare earth properties (electron therm energy, ionization potentials, excitation energy), depending of the atomic number or the electron number under the element oxidation level change are considered. The obtained ratios, describing these properties change periodicity, allow to determine the valency value in compounds with mixed rare earth valency
[en] It is shown by an explicit calculation that the excitations about the self-accelerating cosmological solution of the Dvali-Gabadaze-Porrati model contain a ghost mode. This raises serious doubts about viability of this solution. Our analysis reveals the similarity between the quadratic theory for the perturbations around the self-accelerating universe and an Abelian gauge model with two Stueckelberg fields
[en] Underlying physical principles for the high efficiency of excitation energy transfer in light-harvesting complexes are not fully understood. Notably, the degree of robustness of these systems for transporting energy is not known considering their realistic interactions with vibrational and radiative environments within the surrounding solvent and scaffold proteins. In this work, we employ an efficient technique to estimate energy transfer efficiency of such complex excitonic systems. We observe that the dynamics of the Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) complex leads to optimal and robust energy transport due to a convergence of energy scales among all important internal and external parameters. In particular, we show that the FMO energy transfer efficiency is optimum and stable with respect to important parameters of environmental interactions including reorganization energy λ, bath frequency cutoff γ, temperature T, and bath spatial correlations. We identify the ratio of kBλT/ℏγg as a single key parameter governing quantum transport efficiency, where g is the average excitonic energy gap
[en] The fact that trapezoid clusters exist in 2D vertically vibrated granular systems leads us to construct a cluster model, in which wave-like motions are explained as the result of cluster-plate and cluster-cluster collisions. By analyzing the collision of one cluster with the plate in detail, we deduce a basic equation from velocity relationship, which could be separated into two correlative equations: one relates wave-like motion with exciting acceleration, and we call it the excitation condition; the other relates wavelength with exciting frequency, viz., the dispersion relation. The theoretical results are in agreement with the experimental ones, which supports the idea of the cluster model. Moreover, from the cluster model, we also predict a possibility of abnormal dispersion relation of a 2D granular system. (fundamental areas of phenomenology(including applications))
[en] The excitation regulation system of the ASK-100-4 asynchronous compensator is described. The main modes of operation of the compensators in the Beskudnikovo substation of the 'Mosenergo' JSC are considered. The results of an investigation of an actual sample of an AER-ASC automatic excitation regulator on a computer bench, operating in real time, are presented.
[en] Narrowband composite pulse sequences containing an arbitrary number N of identical pulses are presented. The composite phases are given by a very simple analytic formula and the transition probability is merely sin2N(A/2), where A is the pulse area. These narrowband sequences can be made accurate to any order with respect to variations in A for sufficiently many constituent pulses, i.e., excitation can be suppressed below any desired value for any pulse area but π.