Results 1 - 10 of 4471
Results 1 - 10 of 4471. Search took: 0.031 seconds
|Sort by: date | relevance|
[en] In this paper we investigate the possibility whether, in the extreme limit of high energies and large transverse distances, reggeon field theory might serve as an effective theory of high energy scattering for strong interactions. We analyse the functional renormalization group equations (flow equations) of reggeon field theory and search for fixed points in the space of (local) reggeon field theories. We study in complementary ways the candidate for the scaling solution, investigate its main properties and briefly discuss possible physical interpretations.
[en] Highlights: • Amyloid β oligomers are more toxic than the fibrils and more difficult to target. • One critical interactions which stabilizes the oligomers has been discovered recently. • We have designed a short peptide to target this interaction. • It causes a remarkable change in the ability of the oligomers to attach to lipid bilayers. Small oligomers are the major toxic species in many amyloid related diseases, but they are difficult to characterize and target. Here we construct tetra-peptides FXFX (X = F/K), designed to exploit cation-π, π-π and hydrophobic interactions to disrupt the critical F19-L34 contact recently found in Aβ40 oligomers. FRFR accelerates Aβ40 aggregation, and strongly inhibits its binding to lipid membranes, which is important in the context of toxicity. FKFK lacks both of these effects, which correlates with the weaker interaction of K with aromatic residues. Thus it appears possible to tune specific contacts in the oligomer and effectively change its properties.
[en] We study the possibility that hot Jupiters (HJs) are formed through the secular gravitational interactions between two planets in eccentric orbits with relatively low mutual inclinations () and friction due to tides raised on the planet by the host star. We term this migration mechanism Coplanar High-eccentricity Migration (CHEM) because, like disk migration, it allows for migration to occur on the same plane in which the planets formed. CHEM can operate from the following typical initial configurations: (i) the inner planet in a circular orbit and the outer planet with an eccentricity for ; (ii) two eccentric () orbits for . A population synthesis study of hierarchical systems of two giant planets using the observed eccentricity distribution of giant planets shows that CHEM produces HJs with low stellar obliquities (), with a semi-major axis distribution that matches the observations, and at a rate that can account for their observed occurrence. A different mechanism is needed to create large obliquity HJs, either a different migration channel or a mechanism that tilts the star or the protoplanetary disk. CHEM predicts that HJs should have distant ( AU) and massive (most likely ∼1–3 times more massive than the HJ) companions with relatively low mutual inclinations () and moderately high eccentricities ().
[en] Nutrients from a flowering plant are shared by its pollinators, giving rise to competition in the latter. Such exploitative competition of pollinators can limit their abundance and affect the global organization of the mutualistic partnership in the plant-pollinator mutualistic community. Here we investigate the effects of the exploitative competition between pollinators on the structure and the species abundance of the mutualistic networks which evolve by changing mutualistic partnership towards higher abundance of species. Simulations show different emergent network characteristics between plants and animals; hub plants connected to many pollinators are very rare while a few super-hub pollinators appear with the exploitative competition included, in contrast to equally many hubs of both types without the exploitative competition. More interestingly, the abundance of plant species increases with increasing the exploitative competition strength. We analyze the inverse of the generalized interaction matrix in the weak-interaction limit to identify the leading structural factors relevant to the species abundance, which are shown to be instrumental in optimizing the network structure to increase the mutualistic benefit and lower the cost of exploitative competition. (paper: biological modelling and information)
[en] We study the dynamics of the non-classical correlations for few atom systems in the presence of strong interactions for a number of recently developed adiabatic state preparation protocols. We show that entanglement can be created in a controlled fashion and can be attributed to two distinct sources, the atom–atom interaction and the distribution of atoms among different traps. (author)
[en] We study disformal transformations in the context of scalar extensions to teleparallel gravity, in which the gravitational interaction is mediated by the torsion of a flat, metric compatible connection. We find a generic class of scalar–torsion actions which is invariant under disformal transformations, and which possesses different invariant subclasses. For the most simple of these subclasses we explicitly derive all terms that may appear in the action. We propose to study actions from this class as possible teleparallel analogues of healthy beyond Horndeski theories.
[en] In this study, the concept of magnetically charged black hole is discussed through calculating the angular momentum (L) of its interaction with an electric test charge. Results confirm that the angular momentum form will agree with the prediction of no-hair theorem and we will show that L will depend on the distance between the charge and the black hole. (paper)
[en] We observed the compact group of galaxies NGC 6845 with GMOS-S imaging and long-slit spectroscopy. The group itself is comprised of two spiral galaxies and two S0 galaxies, and shows signs of gravitational interaction among them. While the spiral galaxies have been already well studied, the two S0 galaxies have received little attention. We investigate the morphology and stellar kinematics of the two S0 galaxies in detail in order to derive the value for their mass and subsequently incorporate them into the mass model for the group. It was found that the internal kinematics of the largest S0 (NGC 6845 C) is mostly regular, while the smallest S0 (NGC 6845 D) shows some hint of interaction, most likely with NGC 6845 C and NGC 6845 A. The new determination of the dynamical mass of the group implies that the group mass has to be 10 times the combined mass of the individual members according to their internal kinematics. The results point to an early stage of the group interaction and also to the possibility that it has still not reached virial equilibrium. From the galaxy evolution viewpoint, this group represents an example of the case of the transformation of Spirals into S0 galaxies in dense environments.
[en] The recent theoretical and experimental studies show that the Breit interaction plays a dominant role in the dielectronic recombination for some particular transitions. The detailed mechanism of why the Breit interaction is dominant for such a process is still unknown. In this work, we performed a simulation and decomposed each individual term in the transition matrix level and found that the Breit interaction is dominant when the leading term ( with the larger of r1 and r2) contribution of the two-electron Coulomb interaction is vanished. Based on this mechanism, we explained why the dielectronic capture strength to state is much stronger than the one to as well as why the Breit interaction plays a dominant role in the anisotropic parameters. Furthermore, the present finding may guide us to search some physical processes in which the Breit interaction is dominant by simply analyzing the coupling coefficients for a given isoelectronic sequence. (paper)
[en] We investigate the Demkov–Kunike transition in a nonlinear two-level system. We find that nonlinearity can dramatically affect the transition dynamics. We show the asymmetry of transition probability in different initial modes. For the weak interaction, the transition probability could be quickly stabilized at 100% in the initial state and could be optionally obtained from zero to 100% over a very wide range of external parameters in the initial state . For the strong interaction, the quantum transition of the two states could be completely blocked. In the adiabatic case, for different initial modes we analyze the asymmetry of transition probability by the eigenenergy level structure of the system. We also show the influence of static detuning on transition probability. Possible applications of our theory to actual physical systems are discussed.