Results 1 - 10 of 369697
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[en] The qubits can be entangled when they interact with a common Ohmic reservoir. We analyze how the reservoir-induced entanglement of qubits can be observed as the beat signal in the decay curve of the macroscopic polarization. The origin of this effect is the Lamb phase shift on the qubit array. We quantify the amount of the reservoir-induced entanglement and show how to experimentally evaluate it from the decay curve of the macroscopic polarization. We discuss how the beat signal can be discriminated from the other kinds of beat signals. We also show that our analysis can be used to estimate the reservoir characteristics
[en] Qubits based on the magnetic flux degree of freedom require a flux bias, the stability and precision of which strongly affect the qubit performance, up to a point of forbidding the qubit operation. Moreover, in multiqubit systems it must be possible to flux bias each qubit independently, hence avoiding the traditional use of externally generated magnetic fields in favour of on-chip techniques that minimize cross-couplings. The solution discussed in this paper exploits a persistent current trapped in a superconducting circuit integrated on chip that can be inductively coupled with an individual qubit. The circuit does not make use of resistive elements which can be detrimental for qubit coherence. The trapping procedure allows us to control and change stepwise the amount of stored current; after that the circuit can be completely disconnected from the external sources. We show in a practical case how this works and how to drive the bias circuit at the required value
[en] The reversibility of open system dynamics in practice depends on a separation of probability regimes in which high-probability errors are corrected at the expense of leaving lower-probability errors uncorrected whenever these occur, i.e. correcting only errors on single qubits in a quantum code. However, several important quantum information processing scenarios are not describable by a neat separation of probability regimes, and we investigate codes for optimal information protection when this is the case. We use entanglement dynamics to compare and evaluate the performance of different codes and present optimal codes for full noisy quantum channels in terms of minimum deviation from perfect correctability. We present N-qubit inequalities governing optimal codes for different probability regimes of errors and give explicit examples of significant improvement for some standard cases.
[en] Employing the area quantum 1/2 excited by the Wilson loop, a possible origin of qubit is argued. At the same time, the existences of possible entanglement of area quantums, and non-local property of the entangled states are demonstrated in quantized space
[en] Quantum channel identification, a standard problem in quantum metrology, is the task of estimating parameter(s) of a quantum channel. We investigate dissonance (quantum discord in the absence of entanglement) as an aid to quantum channel identification and find evidence for dissonance as a resource for quantum information processing. We consider the specific case of dissonant Bell-diagonal probes of the qubit depolarizing channel, using quantum Fisher information as a measure of statistical information extracted by the probe. In this setting dissonant quantum probes yield more statistical information about the depolarizing probability than do corresponding probes without dissonance and greater dissonance yields greater information. This effect only operates consistently when we control for classical correlation between the probe and its ancilla and the joint and marginal purities of the ancilla and probe. (paper)
[en] We investigate quantum teleportation as a tool to study the thermally entangled state of a two- qubit Heisenberg XXZ chain. Our work is mainly to investigate the characteristics of a Heisenberg XXZ chain and get some analytical results of the fully entangled fraction. We also consider the entanglement teleportation via a two-qubit Heisenberg XXZ chain. (authors)
[en] We propose a rotationally-invariant quantum key distribution scheme that uses a pair of orthogonal qubit trines, realized as mixed states of three physical qubits. The measurement outcomes do not depend on how Alice and Bob choose their individual reference frames. The efficient key generation by two-way communication produces two independent raw keys, a bit key and a trit key. For a noiseless channel, Alice and Bob get a total of 0.573 key bits per trine state sent (98% of the Shannon limit). This exceeds by a considerable amount the yield of standard trine schemes, which ideally attain half a key bit per trine state. Eavesdropping introduces an ε-fraction of unbiased noise, ensured by twirling if necessary. The security analysis reveals an asymmetry in Eve's conditioned ancillas for Alice and Bob resulting from their inequivalent roles in the key generation. Upon simplifying the analysis by a plausible symmetry assumption, we find that a secret key can be generated if the noise is below the threshold set by ε=0.197.
[en] We present a novel method to verify whether an ensemble of three-qubit GHZ-type state could be transformed to another one by local operations and classical communication (LOCC). This result highlights intriguing similarity compared with the case in the transformation between two ensembles of two-qubit states. Our approach may provide a splendid insight into the transformations between two general multipartite states.
[en] We analyze the optimal measurements to access classical correlations in arbitrary two-qubit states. Two-qubit states can be transformed into the canonical forms via local unitary operations. For the canonical forms, we investigate the probability distribution of the optimal measurements. The probability distribution of the optimal measurements is found to be centralized in the vicinity of a specific von Neumann measurement, which we call the maximal-correlation-direction measurement (MCDM). We prove that, for the states with zero discord and maximally mixed marginals, the MCDM is the optimal measurement. Furthermore, we give an upper bound of quantum discord based on the MCDM, and investigate its performance for approximating the quantum discord.