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[en] This bibliography includes reports issued between July 1, 1976, and June 30, 1977, by personnel of the U.S. Geological Survey on the Nevada Test Site and related subjects and areas. A special feature of this bibliography is a partial list of USGS-474 series reports (USGS-474-210 through USGS-474-253) showing those reports in the series that have been issued since the last bibliography. Cross references to show the alternative designation of these reports in the various administrative series are listed. A reference to one report on chemical monitoring of water at Amchitka Island, Alaska from July 1972 to June 1974, after the Cannikin event, is included
[en] Complete text of publication follows. Using 1-second magnetometer data recorded 65 km from the epicenter, Hayakawa et al.  and Miyahara et al.  identify changes in ultra-low frequency, magnetic polarization (the ratio of vertical to horizontal field components) occurring prior to and possibly related to the 1993 Mw 7.7 Guam earthquake. We compare these same 1-second Guam data with similar 1-second data from the Kakioka observatory (KAK) in Japan, and the global, magnetic activity index Kp. In analyzing many months of magnetic-polarization data before and after the earthquake, we find 1) analysis problems with both the Hayakawa et al. and the Miyahara et al. results, 2) significant correlation between the Guam and KAK data, and (3) an absence of precursory signals after removing common disturbances using KAK as a reference. We conclude that the observed changes in polarization are part of normal global magnetic activity and are unrelated to the earthquake.
[en] A review of the research conducted during the Second World War by Japanese scientists and their in-situ experiences on the Hiroshima atomic bomb effects a week after the explosion is given. Details are presented on the activity data of samples from the site, on the results of half-life measurements and of chemical analyses. From these data the site of explosion and the neutron flux on the surface were computed. The damages caused by the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs were compared. Further, an account on the powder from the Bikini H-bomb explosion is given. Finally, the author protests against the military uses of nuclear energy. (R.P.)
[en] Proposed legislation for payment of dollars 3 million ex gratia to the people of Bikini Atoll due to their relocation resulting from nuclear-weapons testing and successive contamination of their homeland is presented. The Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs recommends passage
[en] Progress is reported in the research program which concentrates on sediment bottom communities of the Eniwetak lagoon. Biological and physical-chemical processes of the lagoon floor are relevant to radionuclide mobilization and redistribution. Because of the paucity of general information about the deep lagoon, initial studies were designed to assess benthic community distribution and structure. Two-hundred stations throughout the lagoon are being surveyed using a camera system designed and built at MPRL. These studies of benthic community distribution are augmented by a concurrent research effort to quantify benthic primary production, community metabolism, and cycling of nutrients between the sediments and the overlying water column. Net daily oxygen and nutrient flow data are tabulated. Facilities are described, community relations are discussed, and a plan for future research is given