Results 1 - 10 of 2096
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[en] The present paper reviews the international climate change financial framework and aims at providing insights on its future post-2012 development. This study offers an overview of the good attributes and distortions of the current regime, while investigating the work currently done by many countries and international organisation, in proposing unique and original financial schemes for a post-Kyoto agreement. The objective is to define potential strengths and shortcomings of the current (or projected) financial regime, and put this in relation with the creation of an improved new financing scheme, that could transfer sufficient resources from North to South in an efficient, transparent and participatory way. Indeed, international climate change negotiations are now working in this direction, and the regular submissions from Parties and civil society to the UNFCCC's AWG-LCA witness the desire of governments and organisations to achieve an innovative climate change agreement that could overcome existing weaknesses in the global financial structure, while providing nations with suitable tools to handle the adverse consequences of climatic modifications. The paper will additionally focus on the role of CDM and credit-based mechanisms in a new future financial framework, in consideration of needed improvements in the current international credit system and country visions and AWG-LCA submissions.
[en] There is a concern in many countries that introducing a tradeable greenhouse-gas quota system may lead to closures of emission-intensive industrial companies. Jebjerg and Lando argue in an article published previously by this Journal that shutdowns can be prevented by a generous distribution of free quotas. However, this is only true if the quotas are distributed contingent on continued production. Some of the practical problems with conditional allocation of free tradeable quotas can be avoided by letting all free quotas be non-tradeable
[en] This document presents the positions of the countries in transition and the developing countries in the phase of the negotiations on the climatic change between 1994 and 1997, then takes stock on the pilot phase of the actions of the associated implementation. The negotiations stakes and the frame of the discussions are also presented. (A.L.B.)
[en] The main objectives of the paper is to enhance the understanding of the Convention for the Physical protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM) and its Amendment by providing a comparative legal analysis on the way illicit acts listed in these instruments have been made punishable offences by Parties under their national law. It will look at how States Parties have made a punishable offence under their national law the offences under Article 7 of the CPPNM and will also address the new offences covered by the Amendment. Finally, it will also discuss the challenges associated to effectively transposing the international legislation into the national system in a concise and accurate manner, while providing a few recommendations on how to possibly overcome them. (author)
[en] This part treats five articles whom titles follow: International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (2005); Entry into Force of the Kyoto Protocol (2005); Third Review Meeting of the Convention on Nuclear Safety (2005)Generation 4 International Forum (GIF) (2005); Status of Conventions in the field of nuclear energy. (N.C.)
[en] In accordance with the main objective for 2014, ARSN has been able to train its staff with the help of IAEA (Zimbabwe (2013) and Tunisia (2014)) training on the use of SARIS software. ARSN is now able to perform self-assessment including all phases: preparation, response, analysis and action plan. The recommendations of the action plan for 2014 have been implemented or are being considered for implementation.
[en] With the recent progress in Bonn and Marrakech on the details required for implementing the Kyoto Protocol, entry into force in 2003 is now a possibility. This paper assesses the potential macroeconomic impacts of the Kyoto Protocol, given the recent negotiated developments. In addition, given the recent attempts in the literature to model endogenous technical change in general equilibrium models, a new methodology for incorporating the induced innovations hypothesis into a general equilibrium model is described and implemented. In line with previous work, it is found that incorporation of the hypothesis reduces abatement costs. (author)
[en] The growth of both the demography and the economy, is leading to impacts on the environment. In the first place of them, the greenhouse gases increase are responsible of the climatic change. The main part of theses gases are produced by the energy production from fossil fuels. Other are produced by the heavy industry or by the agriculture. This book presents the today effects and solutions to avoid. (A.L.B.)
[en] A variety of public and private insurance tools may be used to transfer risk resulting from extreme weather events associated with climate change. This paper will consider how combinations of risk transfer and collective loss-sharing tools are used both in and through existing international civil liability and compensation regimes, to address transboundary environmental harm from ultra-hazardous, hazardous and dangerous activities. The most prominent of these regimes have developed in connection with risks from nuclear damage, oil spills, transportation of dangerous and hazardous goods, and the pollution of watercourses through industrial accidents. Then, the paper will introduce how insurance tools are used within these existing regimes to transfer and share risk and losses and present the tiered compensation systems currently used in these regimes to redistribute risk. This is done to allow consideration of how similar concepts might be used to address transboundary damage resulting from climate change. Finally, the nuclear third party liability regime in Romania shall be described and the way Societatea Nationala 'Nuclearelectrica' S.A. - the key player and promoter of Romanian nuclear industry development - developed and placed a nuclear insurance program. (author)