Results 1 - 10 of 51740
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[en] We discuss the flavor asymmetry and the strangeness content of the proton in an unquenched quark model. It is shown that the inclusion of hadron loops leads automatically to an excess of d-bar over ū, but gives very small contributions to the strange magnetic moment and strangeness radius of the proton, both of which are in agreement with experimental data.
[en] The current status of carlomat, a program for automatic computation of the lowest order cross sections of multiparticle reactions is described, the results of comparisons with other multipurpose Monte Carlo programs are shown and some new results on e+e-→bb-bar bb-bar ud-bar du-bar are presented
[en] We study the status of S3, i.e. a slightly broken symmetry of quarks and propose a new model in which the S3 symmetry among the three generation up-quarks is slightly broken into the C2 symmetry while the S3 symmetry of the down-quarks is completely broken in a different way. (author)
[en] We construct a supersymmetric model with the flavor symmetry D14 in which the CKM matrix element |Vud| can take the value |Vud|=cos((π)/(14) )∼0.97493 implying that the Cabibbo angle θC is sin(θC)∼|Vus|∼sin((π)/(14) )∼0.2225. These values are very close to those observed in experiments. The value of |Vud| (θC) is based on the fact that different Z2 subgroups of D14 are conserved in the up and down quark sector. In order to achieve this, D14 is accompanied by a Z3 symmetry. The spontaneous breaking of D14 is induced by flavons, which are scalar gauge singlets. The quark mass hierarchy is partly due to the flavor group D14 and partly due to a Froggatt-Nielsen symmetry U(1)FN under which only the right-handed quarks transform. The model is natural in the sense that the hierarchies among the quark masses and mixing angles are generated with the help of symmetries. The issue of the vacuum alignment of the flavons is solved up to a small number of degeneracies, leaving four different possible values for |Vud|. Out of these, only one of them leads to a phenomenological viable model. A study of the Z2 subgroup breaking terms shows that the results achieved in the symmetry limit are only slightly perturbed. At the same time they allow |Vud| (θC) to be well inside the small experimental error bars.
[en] We study a spin-1 single-flavor color-superconducting phase which results from a color-spin locking (CSL) interaction in two-flavor quark matter. This phase is particularly interesting for compact star cooling applications since the CSL phase may survive under charge neutrality constraints implying a mismatch between up- and down-quark chemical potentials which can destroy the scalar diquark condensate. CSL gaps are evaluated within an NJL model and they are found to be consistent with cooling phenomenology if a density dependent coupling constant is used
[en] In this talk we present recent next-to-leading order results relevant for LHC phenomenology obtained with the GOLEM method. After reviewing the status of this Feynman diagrammatic approach for multi-leg one-loop calculations we discuss three applications: the loop-induced process gg→Z*Z* and the virtual corrections to the five and six point processes qq→ZZg and uu-bar →ss-bar cc-bar . We demonstrate that our method leads to representations of such amplitudes which allow for efficient phase space integration. In this context we propose a reweighting technique of the leading order unweighted events by local K-factors
[en] The total inclusive cross section for charged and neutral Higgs production in heavy-quark annihilation is presented through NNLO QCD. It is shown that, aside from an overall factor, the partonic cross section is independent of the initial-state quark flavors, and that any interference terms involving two different Yukawa couplings vanish. A simple criterion for defining the central renormalization and factorization scale is proposed. Its application to the b anti bφ process yields results which are compatible with the values usually adopted for this process. Remarkably, we find little variation in these values for the other initial-state quark flavors. Finally, we disentangle the impact of the different parton luminosities from genuine hard NNLO effects and find that, for the central scales, a naive rescaling by the parton luminosities approximates the full result remarkably well. (orig.)
[en] We show that the main features of the pattern of fermion masses and mixing can be expressed in terms of simple relations among weak-basis invariants. In the quark sector, we identify the weak-basis invariants which signal the observed alignment of the up and down quark mass matrices in flavour space. In the lepton sector, we indicate how a set of conditions on weak-basis invariants can lead to the observed pattern of leptonic mixing, including the recent measurement of Ue3 by the Daya Bay Collaboration. We also show the usefulness of these invariants in the study of specific ansätze for the flavour structure of fermion mass matrices.
[en] I present results of the NLO corrections for u+u to b+b+d+d in massless QCD. Along with this calculation a Feynman diagram based, general matrix element generator for one-loop amplitudes (GOLEM) is being developed, the status of which is also outlined in my talk. (author)