Results 1 - 10 of 169
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[en] We investigate the quantum interference effect in a globally coupled quantum network that is composed of N lowly dissipative optical cavities and a highly dissipative cavity. After effectively eliminating the highly dissipative mode, we obtain the effective master equation including some additional terms. In particular, these additional terms can explain the interference effect between any two different coupling paths of the quantum network. To demonstrate the practical application of the interference effect, we consider the manipulation of heat flows as an example. The results show that the heat currents can be effectively dominated by adjusting interference angles and amplitudes, and thus the function of some thermal devices can be achieved, such as the thermal diode, thermal switch, and thermal modulator.
[en] An energy-autonomous battery-less sensor module is presented, entirely powered by a piezoelectric energy converter driven by mechanical vibrations from the environment. The module manages and stores the converted energy, interfaces to one or more passive sensors and periodically sends the corresponding measurement signals over a radio-frequency (RF) link. As an additional variant, the module can send a programmable identification (ID) code on the RF carrier, in order to enable module tagging and tracking by the external receiver unit. The module's general architecture is presented and the strategy used for sensor signal conditioning and transmission is illustrated. The architecture and principle have been experimentally validated on a fabricated prototype including a piezoelectric bimorph converter, two passive sensors made by a resistive–capacitive sensor pair and purposely designed electronic circuitry based on low-power off-the-shelf components. In the tested experimental conditions, the prototype features a typical time interval between measurement-and-transmission events of a few tens of seconds, with event durations of the order of tens of milliseconds, corresponding to an operation duty cycle of the order of 0.1%. Peak power consumption during transmission is of the order of 20 mW and operative range is of the order of meters in a laboratory environment. The obtained results show that the proposed approach has attractive characteristics because of the total absence of batteries and, despite the inherent intermittent operation, provides significant measurement performances in terms of achievable sensitivity and resolution
[en] At the occasion of the OECS conference in Madrid, we give a succinct account of some recent predictions in the spectroscopy of a quantum dot in a microcavity that remain to be observed experimentally, sometimes within the reach of the current state of the art.
[en] Electronic damping of microphonic vibrations in superconducting rf cavities involves an active modulation of the cavity field amplitude in order to induce ponderomotive forces that counteract the effect of ambient vibrations on the cavity frequency. In lightly beam loaded cavities, a reduction of the microphonics-induced frequency excursions leads directly to a reduction of the rf power required for phase and amplitude stabilization. Jefferson Lab is investigating such an electronic damping scheme that could be applied to the JLab 12 GeV upgrade, the RIA driver, and possibly to energy-recovering superconducting linacs. This paper discusses a model and presents simulation results for electronic damping of microphonic vibrations
[en] In this paper, we present a study on the spatial confinement effect of laser-induced plasma with a cylindrical cavity in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). The emission intensity with the spatial confinement is dependent on the height of the confinement cavity. It is found that, by selecting the appropriate height of cylindrical cavity, the signal enhancement can be significantly increased. At the cylindrical cavity (diameter = 2 mm) with a height of 6 mm, the enhancement ratio has the maximum value (approximately 8.3), and the value of the relative standard deviation (RSD) (7.6%) is at a minimum, the repeatability of LIBS signal is best. The results indicate that the height of confinement cavity is very important for LIBS technique to reduce the limit of detection and improve the precision. (paper)
[en] A simple receiver with soft decision forward error correction (FEC) based on two comparators is proposed. It is shown that the gain in the optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR), as compared with conventional receivers with hard decision FEC, can reach 0.5 dB. Some design variants of such detectors are presented. (laser applications and other topics in quantum electronics)
[en] Vacuum pressure profile along a disc-loaded waveguide accelerator structure is calculated by Monte Carlo modeling of molecular diffusion. For periodic geometries such as an RF accelerating structure, total pressure can be summed from individual cavity diffusion profiles. Results are compared with pressure profiles calculated using ordinary vacuum conductance concepts
[en] We present dual hysteretic behavior of a three-level ladder system exhibiting optical bistability in a double-cavity configuration in the mean-field limit. The two fields coupling the atomic system experience competing cooperative effects along the two transitions. We observe a hump-like feature in the bistable curve arising due to cavity-induced inversion, which transforms into a negative-hysteresis loop. Apart from negative- and positive-hysteresis regions, the system offers a variety of controllable nonlinear dynamical features, ranging from switching, periodic self-pulsing to chaos.