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[en] A method for analyzing radiation interception by an individual tree is presented. The use of a whole set of expensive radiation instruments is eliminated, the work-intensive field experiments are reduced to half a day for a large tree (9 m), and neither clear sky conditions nor diffuse radiation data are necessary. It is assumed that for a given azimuth and solar elevation the shading caused by a tree can be estimated photographically by taking a slide in the opposite direction. From slides taken of the whole tree in different directions and from different distances (i.e., different view angles), gap frequencies for certain heights are measured. At each height, gap frequency decreases significantly with increasing solar elevation. By calculating the mean path length within the crown (s) corresponding with each gap frequency (g), a highly significant exponential relationship between both is obtained [g = exp(−0.42s)]. With this equation and by knowing the tree dimensions calculated from the slides, direct and diffuse radiation interception of the whole tree can be estimated. Total leaf area and leaf area density are also calculated. These values agree very well with direct measurements on similar cut trees
[en] The E0 branching ratio GAMMA/sub pi//GAMMA of the 32S (3.78-MeV, 0+) state to the ground state was measured to be (3.54 plus-or-minus 0.62) times 10/sup -4/. When combined with the lifetime tau/subm/ = (0.90 plus-or-minus 0.15) psec of this state one obtains the value < M>/sub pi/ = (2.22 plus-or-minus 0.27) fm2 for the E0 matrix element
[en] Sulfur is an important component of organic matter because it forms compounds with many elements. Due to high chemical activity of sulfur, it takes part in biological and geological processes in which isotope effects are occurring. It has been shown during last years research of isotope effects that we have take into account not only mass difference but also many other physical properties of nuclides e.g. even or odd number of neutrons in nuclei, shape and distribution of charge, turn of nuclear spin etc. The factor remains that new theoretical ideas have been formed on the base of data, being obtained in fractionation processes of heavy element isotope, particularly uranium. Now it is being well known that effects unconnected with vibration energy have also caused an effect on fractionation of considerably lighter elements like iron and magnesium. The important question is, if these effects would come to light during the separation of sulfur isotopes. Sulfur have three even isotopes M = (32, 34, 36) and one odd M 33). This problem is still open. (author)
[en] The Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) aims at achieving a megawatt-class proton accelerator facility. One promising method for increasing the beam power is to shorten the repetition cycle of the main ring from the current cycle of 2.48 s to 1.3 s. In this scheme, however, the increase in the output voltage and the power variation of the electric system are serious concerns for the power supplies of the main magnets. We have been developing a new power supply that provides solutions to these issues. Recently, we proposed a new method for high-powered tests of the converter that does not require a large-scale load and power source. We carried out a high-powered test of 100 kVA for the prototype DC/DC converters of the new power supply with this method. This paper introduces the design of the power supply and the results of the high-powered test for the prototype DC/DC converters.